On August 15, Japan surrendered unconditionally. President Truman decision to drop these atomic bombs on these cities changed the course of history and modern warfare. After this pivotal moment begun an arms race to develop the most nuclear bombs between many nations. The decision to drop the atomic bombs over Japanese cities had to involve a lot of pros and cons. This paper will discuss the reason why the bombs were dropped, how historians look back on that decision, how the culture of the time affected that decision, and what, in my opinion, was the deciding factor.
(John Fitzgerald Kennedy) But after the US beat the Soviets in the space race, the Soviets threatened America with nuclear bombs. The US had to do something. They made a negotiation called the Strategic Arms Limitations Treaty or SALT. (Grady 2015)This treaty bassically banned nuclear weapons. Although the relationship was still unstable, there was an easing in dialog between the two presidents.
The Cold War Everyone has had a problem in their life occur, there are many different ways to solve the issue. This goes on to show when all three presidents, Truman, Eisenhower, and Kennedy, have their own ideas on the solution to The Cold War. The Cold War was a combat between the Soviets and the United States, the Soviets wanted to turn the Middle East into communists. According to the textbook American Anthem: Reconstruction to the Present, the presidents had the ideas of, flexible response and massive retaliation. Massive retaliation is using the nuclear weapons without threat and going straight into nuclear war.
During the 1940s the world was in conflict and the allied forces, consisting of the USA, Britain and France were struggling to win the war against the Fascist movement. This led to innovations of all kinds and when the Japan got involved the US couldn’t land and hold an island without meeting great resistance from Japanese troops willing to commit suicide for their country. During this time many physicists and nuclear engineers were on the verge of constructing the next level of nuclear technology. This led to President Roosevelt establishing the National Defense Research Committee in hopes of creating an Atomic weapon capable of mass destruction. The Atomic Bomb was created through a series of tests conducted in New Mexico known as the Trinity tests or more commonly as the Manhattan Project.
According to the same article, the first con was they made an arms race. When other nations realized that the US held this type of power, they were coerced to develop their own in an arms race. The second con was destruction of cities. The cities had already been completely destroyed from the war’s fire bombings, so many people believed the use of the atomic bomb was unnecessary. The Us spent $2 billion for the atomic bombs development.
However, the relationship between the two nations was a tense one. Soon after the Germans’ defeat, Soviet expansionism in Eastern Europe fueled many Americans’ fears of a Russian plan to control the world. In addition, President Reagan believed that the spread of communism anywhere threatened freedom everywhere. In such a hostile atmosphere, it almost seemed like the Cold War was inevitable. It wasn’t a typical war in the sense that it didn’t have traditional warfare or an abundance of casualties; instead, the Cold War was a subtle battle of control between the United States and Russia.
With his trusted aide Kenny O'Donnell and his brother Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy (Steven Culp), and others such as Robert McNamara, Adlai Stevenson, McGeorge Bundy, Dean Acheson, Dean Rusk and many more, Kennedy needed to figure out the best course of action. If he allowed the Russians to aim these missiles at the U.S., the United States would be placed in a potentially deadly situation. If Kennedy allowed the military to attack the missiles and destroy them, what would Russia do as a response? If he waited too long, would
Stanley Kubrick’s Dr Strangelove satirises the cold war and the actions of politicians during times of worldwide fear. The characters General Jack Ripper and Buck Turgidson reflect the drastically absurd political mindset of America in the 1950’s and 60’s. Strangelove satirises the idea of Mutually Assured Destruction- the notion that a country having more nuclear weapons than their enemy and being able to cataclysmically destroy them, brings peace and safety. Strangelove communicates this through its ridiculous narrative. It comedically portrays a series of unfortunate events that lead to the extinction of the human race whilst also giving verisimilitude to the situation.
Dr. Strangelove Or How I Learned To Stop Worrying and Love The Bomb chronicles the lead up to full out nuclear war after General Ripper calls for a non recallable unprovoked nuclear attack on the Soviet Union during the Cold War. Both the characters and the plot encapsulate the anxieties caused by the Cold war both foreign and domestic. Dr. Strangelove serves as a lens to explain the anxieties associated with the NSC-68 Cold War blueprint and the Korean War by portraying the mindsets of President Truman and John Foster Dulles in the characters of General Ripper and General Turgidson. The film also depicts domestic anxieties regarding women’s rights and McCarthyism through General Turgidson’s interactions with women and the Russian ambassador.
They fear the presumed communist because they were taught to be wary towards them since they were rise in an era of fear. So him accompanied by his friend, are going to search him and maybe contribute to arrest him, like they do when they play indians and cowboys. Communists are search all over the United-States and it contributes to be suspicious toward everybody, even your own neighbours because everybody is a suspect, (it restrained exchanges.) Finally, presidents of the United-States of America have had an important role to play in international exchanges in regards, particularly to
After the American use of the atomic bomb on Japan in 1945, the tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union grew exponentially. A weapon with so much destructive power in the hands of the enemy was justifiability seen as a huge threat to the Soviets` safety and influence. The Soviets constructed their own nuclear bomb in response during August of 1948, and began a competition began between the two nations. Each country attempted to produce forces more impressive than the other`s, leading to the creation of increasingly ruinous weaponry. The constantly stressed situation proved sensitive to any movement by either country, altered domestically or otherwise.
Wells called, “The World Set Free”, which talked about an atomic bomb. Leo Szilard left for America in 1939 to warn the United States that the Germans were in the lead for creating a bomb more powerful than any the world had ever seen. Szilard tried to warn President Roosevelt, but was unable to meet with him, so he turned to others. Every Scientist he went to convince of the great danger thought that he was insane, especially from getting ideas from a
July 16, 1939, Einstein 's letter. But, before his letter, President Truman 's decided to drop an atomic bomb that shook the world. The historians are conversing the use of the bomb on live population. With a few doubts, the United states developed a weapon before the war has even begun. This would not have happened if it wasn’t for a Hungarian physicist named Leo Szilard and Albert Einstein.
The Americans had many ingenious plans like General Douglas MacArthur’s “leapfrogging” strategy which devastated Japan. After Japan refused to surrender, the atomic bomb was dropped destroying the Japanese. What efforts did the Allies make to shape the postwar world? After the deadliest war in human history there were many things that needed to be decided.The “Big Three” Allied leaders which includes Stalin, Churchill, and Roosevelt came meet on February 1945 at a Crimean resort for the sole purpose of discussing the postwar world called the Yalta Conference. At the Yalta Conference they discussed how Germany would be governed and many other issues.
"The Cold War was an ideological contest between the western democracies especially the United States and the Communist countries that emerged after the Second World War" (Tindall 972). The United States and the Soviet Union had differences over issues such as human rights, individual liberties, economic freedom, and religious belief. "Mutal suspicion and a race to gain influence and control over the so called nonaligned or third world countries further polarized" (Tindall 945). After the WWII Soviets dominate European countries and thought the U.S. had the same motives. At the end of the second world war there was an argument about who was more responsible for the cold war the Soviet Union or United States.