Introduction Literature has proved to be throughout time a powerful tool for creating enduring myths, legendary characters and fictional stories, making thus the truth irrelevant as long as the narrative was gripping. Such aspects, together with the context and period into which a novel was written brought to life stories that have become immortal and are going to last for eternity. This seems to be the case of the 19th century author Bram Stoker, who, upon fact, legend and fiction brought to life his eponymous vampire: Count Dracula, a sinister and monstrous predator who thrived on the blood of living souls. Regarded by many as the defining work of Gothic fiction, Stoker’s fin-de-sìecle novel achieved a pervasive hold on Western imagination, transforming it into one of the most lasting literary myths of all times. Hence, it comes as no surprise that when we say “vampire” we immediately think of Dracula, and such has been the superstition created around this character that nowadays it is impossible to allude to Romania, and particularly to Transylvania, without thinking of it as the home of Dracula.
In XXXX, Bram Stoker wrote Dracula, the story of a monstrous Transylvanian count who terrorized local villages and fed on the peasants who lived in them. The book is today widely recognized as a historically significant literary work, and its importance has caused many scholars to debate whether Bram Stoker’s main character Dracula was actually inspired by real historical figures. Many scholars believe that Vlad the 3rd or Vlad the Impaler was the direct inspiration for Count Dracula. Vlad the 3rd was the son of King Vlad the 2nd Dracul and as Prince, was the heir to the Wallachian throne. He was born during the year of 1431 and died during a battle in December 1476.
Bram Stoker was born in born in Dublin, Ireland in 1847 (Britannica). For much of his life Stoker was a writer, he published his first book The Snake’s Path in 1890. His most popular book Dracula came out seven years later (Britannica). The time in which Stoker wrote books was known as the Victorian era (Victorian Era). “Victorian novels tend to be idealized portraits of difficult lives in which hard work, perseverance, love, and luck win out in the end” (Victorian Era).
The role of female characters in Bram Stoker 's "Dracula" and its movie adaptation by Francis Ford Coppola Gothic novel made its breakthrough with Horace Walpole in the late 18th century, when the term 'gothic ' was used to describe something barbarous or medieval. In the late Victorian era, Bram Stoker wrote "Dracula", a novel written in a form of journal with a monster living in a castle full of mysteries that ought to be revealed within the atmosphere of gloom and terror. After the first publication in 1897, its movie adaptations, which "constitute a simpler attempt to make texts 'relevant ' or easily comprehensible to new audiences and readerships via the process of proximation and updating" (Sanders 19) have begun. The most famous ones are "Nosferatu" by F. W. Murnau in 1922 and "Bram Stoker 's Dracula" by Francis Ford Coppola 70 years later, analyzed more minutely in the essay. In most of the adaptations the emphasis is on the character of the Count
Sexual allegory is combined with victorian culture and violent monsters, a dichotomy of human instincts. Stoker also captures the constant battle between traditionalists and supporters of modernity. Stoker wraps up this thought experiment in the trappings of a horror novel in order to best show off the monsters he designed. With its ability to have inspired countless vampire progeny across literature and film, Dracula is a work that combines fantasy elements with relatable thematic struggles in a way that will allow it to live
In order to fully understand this development, some influential works should not go unmentioned. As mentioned before, it was Bram Stroker 's novel Dracula which defined the vampire narrative more than any other literary work. Stoker selected featured from folklore and literary vampires, added ideas of his own and combined them into a strong archetype. “The way ancient tradition, such as folkloric elements of vampires or the influence of early demon forms […] were intertwined with cutting edge technology, such as the used of shorthand, Dr Seward 's phonography and Van Helsing 's blood transfusion, allowed for the creation of what is essebtially the vampire 's passport into the twentieth century and its manifestation once again as a socially relevant
By examining the resource rich setting of a novel, readers of Mary Shelley’s 1818 novel Frankenstein can come to understand the author’s many significant ideas. Frankenstein is a gothic novel, written in the romantic period of 1800-1850 and thus combines elements of both romance and horror. The gothic genre was ‘invented’ by Horace Walpole in his “The Castle of Otranto (1764) where he described it as aiming for a “pleasing sort of terror” that emphasizes emotions of both fear and awe. An understanding of the gothic genre and its conventions is key to understanding the author 's purposeful use of setting to contain their significant ideas. Commonly featuring settings of sublime nature, women victims and religious settings and concepts, these typical gothic conventions of setting can
When Poe appeared on the American literary scene, more than seventy years old tradition in Gothic writing existed. At its best, Gothic literature evokes the emotional response from its readers as do nightmares and night terrors. Edgar Allan Poe was an American poet, short story writer, editor, critic, essayist and one of the leaders of the American Romantic Movement. Best known for his tales of the macabre and mystery, Poe was one of the early American practitioners of the short story and a pioneer of detective fiction. When Poe appeared on the American literary scene, more than seventy years old tradition in Gothic writing existed.
1. Introduction Abraham ‘Bram’ Stoker’s world famous novel Dracula was first published in 1897, at the dawn of today’s modernity. Although he wrote more than ten novels, Dracula is by far his most popular work up to date. He himself has never been to the country of Transylvania although he describes it vividly in the novel. Bram Stoker became familiarised with the idea of vampires and the dark east of Europe by various The transition from Victorian Age to modern times is not only marked by a change in industry and trade, but also in values which is prominently featured in Dracula.
With Stephen King’s many successful works, he has single-handedly changed the way people perceive the horror genre. People do not read King for just entertainment, people read King to face their fears. King writes from his personal experiences which is what makes his horror so thrilling because to a point, his writing is realistic. An article called Criticism of Stephen (Edwin) King states, “If someone in the future wants to see what American life was like, what Americans cared about, what our stories were in the seventies and eighties, they’ll read Stephen King” (2003). The article even claims that in 50 years Stephen King will be regarded as “the dominant literary figure of the time” (2003).