All areas of a child’s growth can be stimulated by dramatic play and in this case dramatic play refers to role play and drama. Dramtic play can be said to contribute to the development of cognitive, physical, creative, social, and emotional components of the child. Further, role-play can take many different forms and serve as many purposes including reasoning and encouraging empathy, it is a powerful way of developing social skills. Role play should be made more formal in a classroom situation, it is fun and nice for children themselves to make room for role play where they set the boundaries and the teacher gently observe and support the
In Helsel and Greenberg’s (2007) study, they use the Self-Regulated Strategy Development model (SRSD) to help students build their independence in their writing. SRSD is an observational approach to teaching students how to become effective writers. The model is organized into five stages. The first stage is “Build Background Knowledge.” Students work one-on-one with their teacher to build background knowledge about the given topic and the teacher helps by providing skills and strategies that the students might need to understand the material. In stage 2 “Discuss it”, the teacher discusses and describes the many strategies used to write different types of writing.
The middle school model uses various modes of instruction that benefit various of learners. The middle school model uses student centered approaches to learning. Inquiry learning and interactive learning are also emphasized in the middle school model. Differentiation is used to meet the needs of all unique learners. Cooperative learning, discussions, student inquires, and projects are used to meet the needs of auditory, visual, kinesthetic learners.
Students who are allowed to explore, empathize, question, hypothesize, conceptualize, experiment, and evaluate throughout their own learning become productive community members" (Hummell 5). Allowing children to learn to think critically helps them to solve problems and have a logical argument about something they believe is true. Applying critical thinking into schools gives a child a chance to make a difference. Also, Elizabeth McKinstry agrees with Hummell in challenging the next generation to think for themselves. McKinstry writes about how Common Core education helps children become more interactive in the world and teaches them how to apply the knowledge they have learned in life.
It is a fact that when taking decision individuals are guided by their own values and beliefs. Taking decisions that are right and correct demand that the teachers engage in deep reflection and keep in line ethical standards. Knowledge: Knowledge is necessary to inform professional judgment in practice. Teachers should engage in dialogue, reflection and collaboration to develop, and enhance their knowledge. It is essential to become ‘reflective practitioners’ as this will help to identify and affirm values and beliefs.
(Pearson Schools and FE Colleges). Child-Directed play is important because it allows children to find practice necessary skills like overcoming obstacles, problem-solving, effectively communicating feelings, and working with others who may have different ideas and points of view. It also encourages development of children 's skills such as cognitive, emotional, social and physical. It is a necessary part of every child 's life. In experiments conducted by Webster-Stratton & Reid, the difference between child-directed play and adult-directed play are shown.
Process drama ‘is a whole-group drama process, improvised in nature, in which attitude is of greater concern than character’ (Bowell and Heap (2001), 7). In this type of drama students get to share their ideas and bring them to life. In process drama the emphasis is placed on participants experiencing personal growth through an exploration of their understanding of the issues within dramatic experience. In process drama the students will be presented with a theme or a scenario rather than a script and they are expected to present this scenario in a creative way and by doing this students will add their own personal experiences to the play. Unlike product drama, in process drama student and teacher share equal places in the development, analysis and production of the drama.
Being creative enables the children in early years to make connections between one are of learning and another and to extend their understanding” (QCa 2000b:116). Providing a rich and varied contexts for children to acquire develop and apply a broad range of knowledge, understanding and skills. The curriculum should enable pupils to think creatively and critically to solve problems and to make a difference for the better. It should allow the children the opportunity to become creative, innovative, enterprising and capable of leadership to equip them for their future lives as workers and citizens. It should enable children to respond positively to opportunities, challenges and responsibilities to make changes and to cope with change and adversity (QCA 1999:11-12).
However, research has shown that assessment instruments need be to appropriate to the materials or subject being taught. It is important that the assessment instruments match the learning objectives of the module. If an assessor does not have skills, training, experience to use a particular assessment it is unluckily that they method they will use to assess will be effective, hence why is it important to match the assessment instruments with the delivery method. In sum, Healey (2000) emphasised that those who teach in higher education institutions are duty bound “to learn how to adopt a scholarly approach to teaching and how to collect and present rigorous evidence of their effectiveness as teachers” (p. 170). Therefore, it is important that Facilitator use assessment strategies that they are both confident and matches the learner’s learning styles.
Learners perform a range of activities through plays. They deal with real world problems. Role play is an effective tool that helps them to practice public speaking. Many of the students are engaged in each session. Students learn from their colleagues.