A protest against the growing naturalism in the arts that occurred in nineteenth century Germany, at its very root it is against naturalism. The original idea of Expressionism was to present the subjective perspective to the audience, which means the work is distorted to evoke moods or ideas from the audience. Expressionism plays had different context or story lines over time, but the idea was very similar, it was about the conflict between sexes, generations and classes. It was to show freedom against authority, after all the slaughter and killing after World War one, expressionism theatre became a way for people to express themselves. “Men screams from the depths of his soul” .
Drama is literature written for performance--or at least written in a style that would allow for stage performance. As a text form, drama can be thought of as story told though spoken remarks and stage directions(Kurland ,2000) .When we hear the term drama we think fun, excitement , expression of one’s self . A famous quote says that “play is not in the words, it’s in you” (Steller Adler). In the world of drama it is essential that we understand the difference between Process and Product Drama. The importance behind their differences is vital as it will help one to better able appreciate ad understand what drama is really about and what drama entails because drama is seen as much more than just movements , drama is life itself.
“The theatre, for all its artifices, depicts life in a sense more truly than history, because the medium has a kindred movement to that of real life, though an artificial setting and form.” George Santayana Drama is one of the genres of theatre where comedy, tragedy or actions may be other genres. While drama refers to the written texts, prose or verses composition, which become theatre only when it is performed on the stage with actors performing the role of characters in the text in front of the audience i.e. it is abstract and subjective, theatre is a live performance that meant to be seen, it is physical and concrete. The renaissance period was considered the rebirth of several inspirational
Alienation plays also aimed to stimulate, tease, puzzle, and disturb the audience, much like the absurdist play, in order to get the audience to adopt opinions of society. However, alienation plot differed greatly from absurdist plot due to the emphasis on telling a story rather than its characters. Brecht, playwright and creator of the epic theatre(theatre of alienation), did this through setting the plot in foreign places or times(called historicisation), jumping around in the timeline, or creating a montage to keep the
He was very much influenced by musicals and fairground performers. He also used comedy to distant his audience from the depicted situations. Stanislavski theatre is called dramatic theatre which has plot, involve the spectator in a stage situation and one scene after another whereas in epic theatre it is called narrative theatre, turn the spectator into an observer and each scene for itself. Brecht encouraged his audience to discuss things during a performance and they could enter and leave during a performance at their will. Sometimes he even masked actors face to draw the attention away from the actor’s faces, in comparison Stanislavski says that audience must involve in the performance and audience can’t enter between the play.
As Eileen Bower discusses, “Stage pantomime, with its stylized gestures and artistic traditions, was not going to be clearly understandable to the new audience, and in addition, it conflicted with the precepts of realism” (86). Two types of acting that existed during this time, the “Saxon” style of acting, which was “restrained” and used more “facial-expression” juxtaposed to the “Latin” style of acting which used the “whole body” and was more “exaggerated” (88). This was in line with what Victorian society expected as “controlled emotions” and “naturalness” were linked with “restraint” (88). Moreover, actors were discouraged from looking at the camera as it would “destroy the illusion” (89) of the film. This type of acting is
A person’s ontology presents a natural sense of who a person is, and demonstrates a person’s true colors. One could argue that literary naturalism represents the most raw and real works of literature that there are. Naturalism is one of the most effective ways of viewing the world because there is no useless information, and everything is natural and real. The flaws in naturalism in relation to At the ‘Cadian Ball, are people’s natural feelings because they cannot control could them and it could potentially affect the character’s for the worse if they were to express these feelings in a sensitive situation. For example, if Calixta and Alcée act on their forbidden love, Clarisse and Bobinôt would be heartbroken.
Metatheatre will be distinguished as theatre that is self-aware whereas Metadrama will be considered as drama that is self-aware; theatre being the art form and drama being the form of writing. The two will be considered separately as metatheatre pertains more towards the performance, actor’s choices, production, sound, lighting, etc. and metadrama pertains towards the written word, the script and the playwright. At times, this distinction will blur, but for the most part these two worlds can exist as separate
Drama is one of the three super-genres that is claimed to be successful through performance. Drama comes alive through the motion and movement and thus is meant to function this way. However, drama through text and reading is more powerful through the literary elements than performance. In the play “Cat on A Hot Tin Roof” by Tennessee Williams the play touches themes such as lies, secrets, homosexuality and love. Brick and Maggie are in a marriage that is only for appearance.
The line is blurred as these two periods are intertwining. If we take a classic theatre as a dividing line between both periods I would say that postmodern theatre is far away from classical definition of drama and its space. It is a performance or happening, intertwined with dance, improvisation and conceptual art. The attitude towards the text changed greatly as today the core of the performance is body and autobiographical stories instead of sceneries from great classical writers. The subject of this essay is to define postmodern time and the relationship between art