In the tragedy, Death of a Salesman, Arthur Miller explores an infamous ideology – The American Dream – as well as the impact it has on the individual, relationships and dynamics of a struggling family. In this essay, a critical analysis of Biff Loman and Willy Loman’s relationship as well as how the effect of The American Dream and American society on this dynamic duo. The American Dream is an ideology where the belief that through hard work, potential, dedication and perseverance, one can be successful and reap material rewards. Willy subscribes to the ideology that a well-liked, friendly and attractive man in business will acquire the material comforts offered by modern (the 1940s) American life – a slice the American dream. He also believes that potential and hard work will assist in attaining this “dream”.
The present research paper is an sincere effort made to discuss the significance of the concept of Disillusionment and the Feeling of Certitude as tragic features in the play ‘Death of a Salesman’ written in 1949 by Arthur Miller, American dramatist. In the play, the protagonist, Willy Loman who is a salesman and quite old now, possesses the dreamy desires and emotions throughout the life. He pretends to be a successful salesman but such instincts are nothing but the illusion and prejudices which turn into disillusionment and lead him towards frustration and the sense of loss of identity. The researcher intends to reveal the bitter truth of human life through the mental deterioration and superficial doctrine for success of Willy Loman due to the disillusionment and the feeling of certitude. Keywords: - Disillusionment and Feeling of Certitude, the Modern concept of Tragedy, tragic elements, frustration, pathos, Natural instincts, universal
Death of a Salesman Free Response Essay Throughout the play Death of a Salesman, author Arthur Miller discusses the flaws of Willy Loman and the extent to which they bring about his own suffering and the suffering of others. As a tragic hero in the 1940’s, Willy exemplifies a typical man trying to achieve the very unrealistic American Dream. This dream not only solidified his fate but also threatened the success of every member in his household. Willy Loman first encounters the American Dream after his uncle Ben shares his successes and priorities with him, which in turn, become the basis of Willy’s dreams as well. His uncle is very vague about the details of his success which makes the audience wonder whether or not this dream is actually attainable.
The play Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller conforms and deviates from the conventions of the genre of Tragedy. The main character, Willy Loman, is not a hero, however, he does have traits of aristotelian tragic heroes, such as hubris (excessive pride). Also, he does not fall from a high position, instead, he strives for such, when he is a “Low-man”. Willy conforms to the profile of a tragic hero as he commits the error of living by The American Dream, that leads him to his tragic flaw: his death. The purpose of the author when conforming the play to the conventions of the genre of Tragedy is to criticize the ones who live by an ideology and are unable to accept their reality and themselves, aiming to be well-liked and accepted by society.
Miller’s play Death of A Salesman demonstrates how contrasting his view of a tragic hero through the use of Willy Loman. Willy Loman perfectly suits Miller’s definition of the modern tragic hero, as his definition of a tragic hero occurs to be the common man searching for and attempting to achieve his place in society. One of the most obvious reasons that Willy Loman fits Miller’s definition is that Willy is a common person. Unlike previous well-known plays and novels where the tragic hero is of royal background or rich, Willy is just the average person trying to make a living in New York. There is nothing that makes Willy Loman to most men, he is a salesman married to his wife Linda Loman with two sons (Miller 1852-1854).
Arthur Miller’s Death of a Salesman naturally brings audience members to reevaluate their perspectives of the American Dream. The main character of the play, Willy Loman, pursues an impossible dream of success and ultimately ends his life when he cannot achieve his pursuit in salesmanship. However, his apparent failures are not brought about to teach the audience about the misconstrued American Dream. Miller's hidden purpose in Death of a Salesman is to make the audience question the undeniability of the Capitalist economic system while not fully abandon it. Arthur Miller was born in New York City, New York on October 17, 1915.
Themes like the American Dream, Father dominance, and Idealism are studied due to their inaccuracy at times and their impact on America during this time period. Masked happiness, false dreams, and unhealthy relationships are just a few examples of the countless ways these themes affected Americans. In “Death of a Salesman”, Arthur Miller explores these themes of America in the late 1940s through the use of a tragic hero, Willy Loman, and the characters around him who were affected by his actions. First, a tragic quality of Willy that affected his younger son, Biff, was his mindset that what other people thought of him was more important and would make him better
Either way, the story is not made a tragedy by its plot, but rather, it is made a tragedy by its characters. The Death of a Salesman should be classified as a tragedy since it depicts the fall of Willy Loman as respectable figure.. The Death of the Salesman is a tragedy when Willy is considered the protagonist because it depicts Willy’s fall from respectability -and his sad attempts at gaining it- in both his professional and personal life. It is implied that Willy, at least in his mind, held the respect of Howard’s father, the previous owner of the firm when Willy states “Your father came to me the day you were born and asked me what I thought of the name of Howard…”. This indicates that Howard’s father respected Willy because one would generally only ask friends about potential baby names and one has to respect someone if they are their friend, therefore, it is implied that Howard’s father respected Willy.
Everyone wants to live the American Dream, the ideals which means that if hard work is put into something, than there will be great success. In Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller, Willy, tries to live the American Dream but can 't achieve it. Throughout the play, music and theft are used as motifs to show the successes and failures of Willy. The flute is the first and last sound that is heard in the book. It 's used as a motif to connect Willy Loman 's vague memory of his father, a flute-maker and salesman.
Introduction: Arthur Miller’s insight into the psychology of extreme anxiety and his capability to create stories that communicate the deepest meanings of struggle, have made him one of the most extremely regarded and broadly performed American playwrights. He wrote about the pressures of society and family pressures also that were put onto human being. In the materialistic society, there is no humanity. People are self-centered or self-interested. In Arthur Miller’s Death of a Salesman, we recognize the condition of human mind and their behavior in the modern society.