From the 1870’s to 1900’s, Britain had one of the largest and most powerful armies in the world. With that sort of potential, it would’ve been a mistake not to colonize Africa. Taking control of the tip of Africa was extremely strategic of Britain, as from there they could control the trading routes and begin settling for future invasions and in the end, colonization. Also, the new Capitalist society forming because of Britain’s industrial revolution developed social problems many obvious social problems. The gap between the rich and the poor was larger than ever, and homelessness was on the rise as cities became extremely dense and overpopulated.
Following Jackson’s election into office and the consequent overturn of an entire political party, his Democratic-Republicans could not build a loyal following. Opposition to the rival party, the Federalists, was the source of Democratic-Republican unity, and once the former faded, so did the latter. The Louisiana Purchase was a pivotal turn of events that contributed to sectionalism. Upon acquiring so much land, America was faced with the issue of how to purpose it. These frontier states were ravaged with land exhaustion, and planters continuously moved out west for more land to cultivate.
The north ended slavery, started running an industrialized region, and as the farms in the North were producing more and prosperous. The developments of the north increased the economy of the north and made most of the north to be urbanized. The south on the other hand was using slavery in farming which did not produce more income making the whites that lived in the region more subsistent. The north was not supporting slavery since it had been industrialized while the south relied so much on slavery as the only source of labor. The need to end slavery and the election of Lincoln as the president increased the rift between these two regions making the south to engage in secession
The abolitionist attacks did not take place simultaneously and that states had varying degree of this freedom. The ideals of freedom differed with the southern plutocracy practiced in those days, where the economy and social interests were protected jealously. Many of those revolutionaries were once slave holders, thus showed little or no inclination towards the abolition of slave trade and slavery. Those that are known as founding fathers agreed to disagree over the issue of slave trade, and this led to the factors that supported the implementation of Constitution. The American Abolitionists The abolitionist did try to sidestep the Constitution by directly appealing to the Congress.
Corn Laws were the biggest obstacle for free trade. Due to Corn Laws, corn prices as well as price of bread remained high in England during that time. However, Napoleonic Wars also caused an increase in prices of agricultural products by cutting down imports of food supplies (Screpanti and Zamagni 2005: 92). Since foreign agricultural products could not enter the country, corn prices remained high. Economically, this resulted in high land rents, impaired profits and rigid wages (Screpanti and Zamagni 2005: 92).
The cotton gin grew to produce a thousand pounds of cotton a day in the 18th century (11). The cotton gin had a huge effect on slavery and the south. The north wanted slavery to end but it was carried out until 1865 due to the cotton industry (7). The south benefited the most because cotton thrived there and fastly became the world's largest producer of cotton (11). As the cotton industry grew so did slavery (3).
Particularly, cotton had become by far the most important commodity in international trade, as the Old South supplied around three-fourths of the world’s cotton. The largest countries, such as Great Britain, France and Russia depended on this supply. Furthermore, it was cotton capital that allowed the US to pay for imported manufactured goods manufactured goods. However, slave-based manufacturing also led to the appearance of a huge gap between South and North, because South with its slaveholders and slaves remained rather agrarian than industrial territory, because slavery was limiting the growth of industry, discouraging immigrants from entering the region, and inhibiting technological progress. Consequently, slavery had a huge impact on American economic
He argued, like other imperialism advocates, that France needed foreign lands to consume his excessive commodities because Germany and the United States had built up trade barriers. To the French, not only were their own markets shrinking, but also other great states were trying to take over the French markets. Therefore, it was necessary for France to take serious measures against such threat. Furthermore, he believed that it was the duty of the higher races to civilize the lower races, which led to the colonization of areas including Africa and Asia. Finally, Ferry also contended that as many other great states expanded their territories, France needed to build their naval bases around the world to compete at the world political stage; otherwise, France would face serious challenges from other powers.
Although there was a period following the Reconstruction Acts of 1867 and 1868 in which former slaves were granted citizenship, their involvement in politics became rendered by the lack of education previously provided to slaves and inability of “withstanding the economic, political, and paramilitary opposition of the white majority” (Frederickson 382). Frederickson argues African Americans simply did not have the time or preparation to oppose racist forces. Using paramilitary forces, southern redeemers easily made threats to reconstruction forces as seen through the emergence of the violent Ku Klux Klan during the election of 1866. The opportunity for African Americans to gain a stance in society was short lived by the racist efforts of democrats in the south and impartial ideals from
When militarism became a huge deal, it not only meant that every country improved their army and navy, no it also meant the arms race and the government´s attitude. The Government attitude means that many generals had a huge influence on the government of the country, which led to problems, which then turned into long term problems, escalation into the war. This also meant that all the countries were very aggressive, but especially the government of Austria-Hungary and Germany were militaristic. At the time of 1914, the arm force was divided like that, that Germany had about 2,2 million soldiers, Austria-Hungary had about 810,000 Soldier and Russia had about 1,2 million soldiers. When on country improved their army and general armed force, all the other had the idear to grow, causing every country to grow bigger and better.