This is a subsystem of the waking default network, which is active during mind unsettling and daydreaming. Dreaming could also be seen as emotional duplication of real life experiences in one's life. Another possible reasoning for why we dream is because dreams are highly essential reflections of unconscious mental functioning. With an experience of the present, processing of the past, and arrangement for the future, are uncommon state of consciousness that incorporates
Repression in Freud and Freyd Freud describes repression as the act of blocking unacceptable urges, but this phenomenon is not that simple. Ever since he popularized using repression to describe cases of abnormal forgetting, alternative theories of repression have been formulated. In contrast to Freud, Freyd theorizes that repression occurs when someone is abused by a close caregiver, and to survive, they must repress their memories of the abuse to maintain a relationship with their caregiver. Her theory diverges from Freud’s as she is more focused on the abuse causing the repression while Freud is more concerned about the ramifications of acting upon taboo desires. Likewise, both authors use survival as a core concept in their theories.
If the therapist did not agree with certain things from a client was saying they might try to convince the client that their real feelings are just being repressed. Which could cause unnecessary upset and offend the client, especially if these feelings are real to the client. In contrasting views the psychoanalytic approach has some strengths. It emphasises on the unconscious –mind where others fail to do so. Freud created a talking therapy which became quite popular.
Their disturbing and sometimes symbolic explanations of their unconscious thoughts launched his study into dreams. He concluded that when you are awake, the desires of the id are suppressed by your superego. Through dreams you get a glimpse into your unconscious. Because your body is relaxed, your mind can run wild. Your unconscious takes the opportunity to act out the hidden impulses of the id.
Manifest content and Latent content of a dream Every person has at one time in their life experienced a strange dream that has some hidden meaning. Many people believe that the events in their dream serve to indicate hidden message about an aspect of their life. The development of Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytic theory borrowed a lot from the hidden meaning of dreams. Feud believed that an individual could relieve psychological distress by bringing the hidden meaning of dreams in their conscious awareness. In explaining this psychoanalytic Sigmund proposed two types of dream contents namely manifest content and latent content.
(Dewey, 2007) In contrast, there are evidence that proves Freudian slips is unavoidable and peoples will correct it if they say it or wrote it wrongly. It is clear that slips and mistake are two different things as if ones who make a mistake and instantly he/she will correct it, that will be the slips of tongue or pen but if ones kept on making the same mistakes over and over again and he/she does not know how to correct it, obviously that is a mistake made by the person. However, since Sigmund Freud’s theory been introduced there were many philosopher and researcher who disagree with his idea. Why? Modern views on Freudian
Many theorist have disagreements on Sigman Freud Psychoanalysis Theory, as a result the Contemporary Psychoanalysis was introduced. Classical analysis consist of path in which the patient should follow for a successful analysis and the interpretations are all directed at achieving this goal. The Psychoanalyst is unable of the client’s progress. A follow up is required to complete the analysis. The analyst will observe and look out for any abnormalities from the client’s unconscious.
Hence, it is not surprising that they focus on either thoughts or behaviours as reasons for emotional disturbances. Adlerian therapy and REBT attributes emotional problems mainly to unconscious schemas. They look to correct mistaken logic and faulty thinking to evoke behavioural and emotional changes. While Reality therapists are also concerned about the client’s thinking, it differs from the others as, the first point of change is usually behaviour. Reality therapists do not focus on mistaken thoughts but rather, ineffective actions that clients engage in in attempts to achieve goals and needs they have in mind, in their Quality World.
Main body: In Freud psychosexual theory, the first stage is oral stage (birth to 1 year). During this sta ge the focus of pleasure is the lip and mouth. In this stage they mainly communicate through mouth with the society and the child is deeply depending upon the caregivers, hence they develop sense of trust through motivation of the oral organs. The second stage is anal stage (1 year to 3years). At this stage the focus of sexual desire is in the anal area and the child drives pleasure from the retention and expulsion of feces.
Freud says” In order to deal with problems and conflict in life ,the ego consumes a variety of different defense mechanisms. These defense mechanisms work at an unconscious level and make good things feel better for the person. A few examples of defense mechanisms are Repression which is burying something like a horrible feeling from your awareness this can sometimes be considered as a basis of other defense mechanisms, Denial is another defense mechanism which would be not accepting reality because it is too painful to come to terms with it and a final example would be Regression this would be like regressing back to an earlier age in life, a less mature way of dealing with certain feelings or