Many people will tell you now that the middle class used to be a thing. After many events the middle class has begun to decline and these events aren’t recent either. After events like, the Arab Oil Embargo in 1973, the union busting of PATCO and the types of jobs we used to have in the states around that time. Edward McClelland agrees in his essay “RIP, the Middle Class: 1946-2013” he illustrates a lot of the events and the people responsible for the decline of the middle class. Edward says that in 1970s it was possible for a high school graduate or even a drop out to get a job on an assembly line and earn more money than a high school teacher.
1. From Jason Johansen 's Notes on Chicano Cinema, scholars of Chicana/o cinema used to identify the criteria of Chicana/o cinema as "films BY Chicanos, films FOR Chicanos, and films ABOUT Chicanos" (Johansen 303). The Salt of the Earth film (1954) attempts to expand this definition because it achieves more than being for and about Chicanos, it can also be for other minorities fighting injustices and inequalities similar to Chicanos. The film is still for Chicanos because it illustrates an actual account of Mexican American mining workers in Zinc Town of New Mexico during World War II, where the union workers won due to their unity, inspiring others to stand with each other in the Chicano movement. The movie also challenges the criteria because it is a film directed by a non-Chicano, Herbert Biberman, but that inadequacy was compensated since most of the actors were local Mexican-American union associates who had experience and direct involvement in the historical fight for their rights.
During the Gilded Age (1870-1900), workers faced numerous problems in which they attempted to fix through organizing into labor unions. But, these unions failed. Their overall goals were to have better wages and working conditions, but a shorter work day in which they did not achieve. (Document A1) The government was corrupted and controlled by big business, which caused a lack of good interpretation, regulation, and passing of progressive legislations.
After watching the movie “A Class Apart: A Mexican American Civil Rights Story”, I realized that I didn’t know much about how Mexico lost part of their land to the United States and about how hard life used to be for Mexican Americans compared to now. I learned about how Mexican Americans were treated in the United States. The movie was mainly about how Mexican Americans were discriminated and they were treated as inferior people. They were not seen as actual “Americans”, but as a second class, calling them names like “shiftless, lazy, dumb, etc.” Another important thing I learned is who was Gus García and what he did for Mexican Americans.
Set fourteen years after the Salem witch trials, Lies In The Dust is a graphic about historical figure Ann Putnam coming to terms with the damage she dealt to Salem and the remorse that moved her to publicly apologize. Over the course of the narrative, Ann extensively reflects on her family's involvement in abetting the trials and consequent ostracization from the surviving members of her community. As the setting bounces between the present year of 1706 and the past in 1692, the full extent of Ann's crimes are revealed to the reader. Over a decade after the conclusion of the trials, Ann writes a letter of apology to read to her congregation.
12 Years A Slave Do you care about human rights? Do you feel like injustice, racism and oppression has been and still is a huge issue in America? And most importantly, do you care about the cruel and brutal history of slavery and the consequences it has had for the future generations of African Americans? If the answer is yes to all of the above, then it is an absolute necessity for you to watch the movie 12 Years A Slave!
Seemingly, everything has its limitations. However, all it takes is the creativity of one passionate person for the boundaries to be broken. This thought isn’t fantastic, it’s simply the truth. Whether the results are disastrous or miraculous, people have the potential to change the world. There are many tools at hand to get one’s voice out to the public, and film is simply one of them, but a powerful one at that.
Kansas, Texas, New Mexico, Colorado and Oklahoma were hit by hundreds of storms that made one of the worst disaster in american history. The dust storm destroyed the land and ruined the economy. The population was threatened by these storms that made them move to the west. From 1900 to 1930 family's bought or leased small parcels of land or built farms mostly dry grassland, farmers were able to grow wheat, corn and raise cattle. American was suffering from the stock market crash of 1929, farmers got no rain at all.
The societal impact that mass media has is extortionate, with studies1 proving that that the average Australian spends half of their waking hours exposed to a screen, and consequentially exposed to whatever those on the other end of the screen want us to see. It is often said that the media is a dramatised reflection of our society, but the action and excitement are not the only things that are blown out of proportion- everywhere you look you are presented with the ‘ideal’ white, cis-gender, able bodied, young straight man, the ultimate embodiment of privilege. Where are the minorities? Where is the representation of well over half of the population? It’s out here in the real world, but what does it say about us when that is not reflected in
African Cinema is broad; it totalizes the African culture by standing for various continental African identities. The film industries in Africa try to present themselves by displaying realities on the screen, but by the influence of the Western world, there seem to be different views on how films educate the audience. Realism paints things in a monolithic way; sometimes, what you see is not what the truth is. FESPACO, the largest running African film festival in the world creates the sensation that African Cinema is not simply an imagined body of films, but a glimpse of the African cultural production. A concentration within African Cinema would be films of South Africa that portray to show what and how the government controls a nation through history.
Do the Right Thing is a film produced, directed, and written by Spike Lee in 1989. It is a comedic drama focusing on the injustice of racial inequality. Not only this, but this film touches on ageism and classism, all things that are still relevant in today’s society, even if we, ourselves, may not see it. With worried thoughts, funding was difficult to find. Eventually, Universal signed with Lee giving him quite the budget- $6.5 million (MentalFloss).
George Pullman, and other employers, controlled their employees and did not care if the wage was too low or the working conditions weren’t safe. George Pullman controlled a company that manufactured sleeping cars for trains and operated them under contract to the railroads. He created Pullman City to house his employees; it was a three thousand acre plot of land south of Chicago in the area of 114th Street and Cottage Grove. His employees were required to live in Pullman City. He made the clergy pay rent to use the church, and he charged money for use of the library.