Similar to Emilie Durkheim and Maurice Halbwachs, Harvey was interested in the tensions of the French society following the humiliating defeat of the Franco-Prussian War (1870-1871). Throughout Harvey’s research, the author was interested not only in the political ramifications, but also looking at class conflict over the Basilica. Specifically, the division between the Communards (socialist radicals) located heavily in the Paris working class and the conservative royalist faction, the Cult of the Sacred Heart. The Cult of the Sacred Heart was a sect within the Catholic church advocating for repentance to Christ and mysticism (Harvey 1979, 364). Moreover, the Cult of the Sacred Heart was closely connected to the nobility of the Ancien Regime.
Lead by Senator Joe McCarthy, this modern witch hunt for communism ruined lives and spread lies, with the initial victims being the disliked, the outsiders. One of the first of those blacklisted was Owen Lattimore. He was outspoken about his unpopular liberal views and so it was easy for McCarthy to shift blame and suspicion towards him (Victims of McCarthyism). McCarthy played off the existing fear of communism left behind by World War II to gain support for his lagging political career by fighting a problem that did not really exist. As in The Crucible, people easily accepted that Lattimore and others like him were to blame, in this case for being communist.
Using hatred as a way to rally the German population to their cause, the Nazi Party was able to advance the elimination of Jews. The anger and hate of the Jews induced fear in others who were afraid for their own safety. Fear of the Jews themselves allowed a path to anger, which would lead to hatred and the suffering of others. Yoda’s quote from Star Wars, “Fear is the path to the dark side. Fear leads to anger.
The French opposed their administration in a savage way, as did the Americans. The French Revolution and American Revolution are comparative. They are comparable in light of the fact that the general population who revolted was customary natives waging war and assaulting their legislatures. This is in light of the fact that the two transformations had this association. In a similar way, the black powder guns and mounted guns were utilized to assault each other into
As the Star of David was used, during this time, to oppress, subdue and segregate those of Jewish backgrounds, the Nazi Flag was used to manipulate and govern those loyal to the Third Reich. A potent symbol intended to elicit pride among Aryans, the swastika also struck terror into Jews and others deemed enemies of Nazi
It is in human nature to want to have power, wealth, and overall be the best. Nevertheless, this inhumanity exhibited throughout the wars is generally triggered by a group or person who believes that they are above the human race, and should be aloud to have total power. This mindset during WWII lead to destruction and devastation throughout Europe. Described in The Nightingale, when France was occupied by the Nazis the citizens of France lost many things such as family members, property, money, and wellness. However, many of the Nazi soldiers stationed in France also lost a lot.
Pope Boniface VIII is known have been one of the most controversial and corrupt popes in history, so understandably “to Dante he became the symbol of the grossest corruption and was the object of the poet’s unrelenting and ferocious scorn” (Horne 280). By placing a Pope, and implicitly suggesting to place another, among the simonists, Dante is condemning the Catholic Church for their manipulation, and “greed for wealth and power” (Horne
The placement of Brutus and Cassius is due to their sins of treason. Regardless of the fact that Brutus and Cassius existed before Christianity and should have been placed in limbo, their sins of treason determined their place in hell. Sins of treason harm the government and the reputation of the society as a whole, therefore, sins of treason is the ultimate sin. As the emperor of Rome at the height of its power, Caesar was considered to be the perfect manifestation of a strong government. He was an authoritarian figure that can influence society and order.
It did give prisoners power to help fellow inmates, but it was still a highly oppressive system. It implies that certain minorities were more or less worthy of human rights than others. The Nazis took away minority rights, individuality, and freedom. They gave like-minded people authority and essentially exterminated those who weren’t on their side, thus deepening their echo chamber of antisemitism. The fact that the Nazis saw people different than them as less than human is the most upsetting to me.
The kings of the fifth century, when the legend takes place, were horrible corrupt and abused their power to gain new lands. This abuse of power ended up affecting many of their citizens. Tarquinius is symbolic of the abuse inflicted by the Tarquin family who was in power over Rome in the fifth century BCE. The heinous act of raping a woman who is the embodiment of Roman values is a metaphor for how the kings were neglecting their values and citizens, while still wanting to assert complete control over them. The people of the time obviously needed to do something and an act such as this is the perfect spark to light a revolution.
The Most important events happened in London, England and Paris, France (1775-1790). A major event that happened in London, England was the bad court system that they had. It shows how bad the court system is by how they charged Charles Darnay with treason. Treason is when you betray your own country and/or when you try to kill someone from that country. The public assumed that he’s felonious of betraying the country so Darnay goes on trial to show that he’s not guilty.
Language changed in the 18790’s because of the French revolution. Enemies usually cussed and talked a lot of craziness about each other. At the time, swearing about another country was just bad words and all talk and then soon enough it became a lot worse than normal swear words and bad jokes. Things got a lot serious where people would actually believe some of the rumored and critical language being spoken about the French. It became sort of like a plague of bad conspiracies.
The rivalries between these competing politicians often lead to the formation of partisan groups in support of their respective politician. Civil disorder came of these political rivalries and violence was often a result of the formation of the supporting partisan groups. The divided loyalties caused by the corrupt politicians greatly influenced the fall of the Roman Republic. “So, as the Roman elite did, what it was bred to do, as they competed ruthlessly with one another for the highest positions and honours, they unwittingly tore apart the very structure they were sworn to protect” (The Late Republic). This quote refers to how the politicians of Rome “tore apart” the Republic that they were elected to protect through their own personal greed and corruption.
Many of those who abjured [gave up] their Protestant religion repented of their weakness.”(Doc 3) This demonstrates that the removal of the Edict of Nantes drove people insane because it granted the people France substantial rights, however when the rights were removed by Louis XIV people became infuriated, which is another reason to why the French Revolution occurred. Fundamentally, the actions that Louis XIV took had a great impact towards his people. His actions ultimately led the people of France initiate the French Revolution, which left France and its people in a vulnerable