Lactobacilli are lactic acid bacteria, an anaerobic / microaerophilic, non-sporulation, low in G+C content gram-positive bacteria which belong to the phylum Firmicutes . Lactobacillus colonizes the human gut and confers various health benefits to humans. Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM (North Carolina Food Microbiology) strain is marketed as probiotic microbe which is routinely used in dietary supplements and fermented dairy products . L. acidophilus is naturally occurring bacteria in human gut, intestines, mouth or female genitals. The clinical applications of L. acidophilus includes prevention of antibiotic associated diarrhea , treatment for allergies , as an antagonist against Campylobacter jejuni  and enteroaggregative Escherichia
3.) MRSA is resistant to beta-lactam antibiotics (penicillin, methicillin, etc.) and can be more virulent and invasive than Staphylococcus Aureus. MRSA carries the mecA gene, which allows the bacterium to fully construct a cell wall by coding for the penicillin binding
Candida affects the following areas: • Genitals • Throat • Mouth • Blood • Skin Candida actually refers to the type of yeast that causes these infections. Candida is a yeast that is naturally found in small amounts inside the human body. Candida grows best in places that are warm and moist, making the genitals and mouth/throat, the prime areas where you will find the most candida outbreaks. The Different Types of Candida/Candidiasis There are many types of candidiasis, depending on the area of the body that it affects. • Skin Candida is typically found on bottom area on babies,
However, drug abusers and individuals who suffer from weakened immune systems make up a small percentage of the population, which is why B. subtilis is seen as a non-pathogenic bacteria. B. subtilis can be used as a biological control throughout many different commercial industries. B. subtilis has the ability to produce large amounts of antibacterial and antifungal metabolites that are utilized in the suppression of phytopathogenic microorganisms. Its ability to secrete its own proteins into the medium allows it to
The Effects of Moisture on the Mold Growth in a slice of bread. Purpose: This lab was an investigation on how moisture contributed to the mold growth in a slice of bread. Hypothesis: If the level of moisture in the bread increases , then the mold growth will intensify , since mold feeds off of moisture Introduction Mold is a microscopic organism. Mold is a part of fungi kingdom. The fungi kingdom consists of mold , mildew and mushrooms.
The attachment of E.coli on the surfaces of epithelial cells pertaining to urinary tract is achieved throughout several bacterial adhesive proteins. In parallel with biofilm formation of pathogenic E.coli on animate and inanimate surfaces, the secretion of exopolysaccharide occurs. The most important VFs which are found in UPEC strains are recognized as capsule, fimbriae, pili, flagella, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), hemolysins, siderophores and toxins. These factors mediate colonization and invasion of the UPEC in diverse positions (9, 12,
A membrane to cytosol framework, including a dynamic link between caveolin-1, ezrin, and actin, plays an important role in formation of the ‘‘cannibalistic vacuole.’’ This connection allows the formation of caveolae enriched endosomes termed as ‘caveosomes’ that seem to represent the driving structure of cannibalism. These caveosomes has a simple and effective digestive machinery consisting of an acidic milieu and a proteolytic enzyme, viz. cathepsin B.   Review of literature Sarode et.al  identified cannibalistic cells in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) through routine staining of haematoxylin and eosin, and the same was confirmed through Immunohistochemistry (IHC) analysis. Their study showed that poorly differentiated OSCC had more cannibalistic cells than moderately differentiated OSCC.
The gastric contents are normally nearly sterile as a consequence of the acidic luminal environment and the effects of gastric emptying.  H.Pylori has adapted to this hostile ecological environment and displays a number of features that permits its entry into the surface mucus layer, attachment to gastric epithelial cells, evasion of immune responses, and persistent colonization.Because of its important role in disease pathogenesis, the organism has been intensively studied. The H.Pylori genome encodes approximately 1500 proteins and contains 1.65million base pairs. H.Pylori expressses a number of novel proteins including urease. Urease
Serratia: Serratia’s a group of gram (-negative), facultative anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria of the Enterobacteriaceae family. Serratia are most common and pathogenic of the species within the genus, S. marcescens, is often the sole infective agent and frequently causes health facility infections. S. marcescens is often found in showers, bathroom bowls, and around wetted tiles. The bacterium is associate timeserving, human infective agent, capitalizing on its ability to make integrated surface communities referred to as biofilms where it will. S. marcescens is assumed to be transmitted through close transmission.