If our country already experienced a lower drinking age and it’s terrifying impact on people’s lives, why would we want to experience it again? The minimum legal drinking age is one of the most researched laws in the United States today. The minimum legal drinking age should stay at the age of 21. There are many different reasons and facts to support the idea of keeping the drinking age the same, which include binge drinking in colleges, alcohol use in other countries, and drunk driving statistics. One of the reasons the United States is looking to lower the drinking age is the problem of binge drinking in college.
Should the United States lower the legal drinking age, which is now twenty-one, to a more reasonable age, such as eighteen. The legal drinking age is unjust and unfair. Therefore, it should be lowered to eighteen to make all adults equal. Individuals often compare drinking with unsuccessfulness and/or recklessness, and that is not the case at all. Overtime there have been millions of successful and intelligent people that commonly consumed alcohol.
Becoming Adults: Change Drinking Age to Eighteen In the United States of America, as most know, the minimum legal drinking age is twenty-one years old. There have been many debates when it comes to lowering the drinking age; some are against the idea and some are for the idea. It most cases, once you turn the age of eighteen, you are legally an adult. You have the right to vote and serve in the military. In other developed countries such as the United Kingdom, Spain, and others in Europe, the legal drinking age is eighteen.
Although it is a law commonly evaded; it prevents young people from car accidents and alcohol abuse or dependence. In the article is acknowledged that “more than 40 percent of college students reported at least one symptom of alcohol abuse or dependence”; a rate that would be highly increased if the drinking age is reduced. On top of that, it is worth considering the magnitude in which car accidents have dropped since the drinking age was lowered. The organization Mother Against Drunk Driving (MADD) CEO Chuck Hurley said “Nearly all peer- reviewed studies looking at the change showed raising the driving age reduced drunk-driving deaths.” It is undeniable that lowering the drinking age would generate an already managed issue in regards alcohol and its relation to car
In the 1980s, the United States raised the Minimum Legal Drinking Age (MLDA) to 21, from 18, in an attempt to protect the nation 's youth. This placed the USA among the few countries whose drinking age is above 18. This leads to an important question on whether our democracy should lower the MLDA. Underage drinking facts, international drinking ages, enforcement of underage drinking laws, as well as proposed implications of new laws justify lowering the drinking age. The democracy of the United States of America should lower the MLDA, and adopt a graduated licensing system.
If an 18 year-old is expected to fight and die for the United States, then he or she should have the right to drink alcohol. If laws changed the drinking age to 21 to save lives, then these laws have not been effective. If a man or a woman of 18 can be responsible to take care of him or herself, then he or she can also be responsible drinking
On January 16th of 1919, the American congress passed the Eighteenth Amendment, making all importing, exporting, transporting, selling, and manufacturing of alcohol illegal. It was not until 1920 that the Amendment was enforced. During the era of progressive reform, 1900-1919 it took much convincing to get congress to pass the Amendment. You have a majority of the population against prohibition because saloons were a social hangout for them where they hosted parties, weddings, etc. Then you have the rest of the population for prohibition because of economic, religious, and health reasons.
Traffic crash rates have been inversely related with the minimum legal drinking age since the 1970’s. Studies conducted since the 1980’s analyzed how the change in the MLDA affected the outcome of total traffic crashes for youth, drinking-driving convictions, single-vehicle nighttime crash fatalities, and alcohol problems among youth. The MLDA needs to be at 21, because 67% of the studies completed have concluded that there was a significant decrease in traffic crashes and crash fatalities when the drinking age was higher. In addition, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration estimated that in 1987 alone, 1,071 traffic crashes were prevented because of the MLDA of 21 (NHTSA 1989). Lower rates of death caused by vehicle crashes were found in states with higher MLDA’s throughout these various studies, and a 16% decrease in vandalism rates were observed in 4 states that raised their MLDA.
According to James C. Fell is a senior program director at the Alcohol, Policy and Safety Research Center of the Pacific Institute for Research & Evaluation in Calverton, Md. By lowering the drinking age to eighteen it just moves the spectrum down. So instead of an eighteen-year-old drinking underage that will move down to sixteen year olds drinking underage. He believes that it will make alcohol more accessible to younger teenagers, “A 16-year-old or a 14-year-old doesn 't look 21, but they may look 18.” (Ogilvie 2011) Studies concluded that, “Adolescence is a critical stage of development in which the brain undergoes neuromaturation and reorganization characterized by changes in neurotransmission, plasticity, and synaptic remodeling. The results of human and animal research suggest that alcohol exposure during adolescence adversely affects brain development and maturation, causing brain damage, structural alterations, and cognitive deficits.” (Guerri 2010) This simply means that as a young adult, consuming alcohol may lead to severe brain damage as well as stunting the growth of the brain.
The Injustices of the Drinking Age The drinking age in the US was changed from 21 to 18 to solve the problems it had caused when it the legal age was 18, however, instead of fixing these problems, the new age has just covered them up and is causing further trouble. “The change of drinking age to 18 in 1971 was quickly changed back to 21 by 1984 to counter-act the epidemic of drunk driving accidents that it had caused” (“Lowering”.). The drinking age in the US should be lowered to 18 because it would increase the safety and health in teens. Alcohol is being abused not only for the parties, but as a “liquid fixer” for people’s problems. “It can be used to suppress feelings of anxiety, depression, alienation or despair by affecting certain
Morris M. says “The rate for intentional homicide in the UK in 1996—the year of the Dunblane Massacre—was 1.12 per 100,000. It was 1.24 in 1997, when the Firearms Act went into effect, and 1.43 in 1998. The rate rose to a peak of 2.1 in 2002 and has fallen since to 1.23 as of 2010” (10 arguments against gun control 2013). Researchers say that the best way to prevent mass shootings is to have background checks before buying a firearm and ban high capacity magazines and assault rifles. Guns should not be taken away completely but high capacity magazines and certain firearms should be limited to the public.