There are states that have private prisons that choose not to have any high maximum-security inmates at all. Justin Jones, director for DOC, reported that private prisons in Oklahoma are all medium- or minimum-security prisons, and that stay completely away from maximum-security prisoners. These costly prisoners are shipped back to public prisons, sticking taxpayers with the cost, while the private prisons profits earn off the “easier” prisoners. This is more money out of the average American taxpayer's pocket, while the rich prison business owners make more money. However, there are still people who believe there is nothing wrong with the private prison
More people get incarcerated for non-violent crimes and crimes caused by mental illnesses or drug abuse (Webb, 2009) and because these people get put in regular prisons, instead of in mental health facilities or facilities to help against drug addiction, where they could be treated to further prevent crimes driven by their illness (Webb, 2009), the prisons get overfilled and cannot hold the more ‘important’ prisoners that needed to be locked away from the public. A strong link of the criminal justice process is that the system tries to keep it fair for everyone. Every defendant has the right to an attorney so they can be defended properly and fairly and “Only judges who are adequately informed about a case can effectively control the proceedings and examine evidence” (Tochilovsky, 2002) It is also important for the criminal justice system that those involved show discretion and although this is not always the case, discretion by the judges, police, etc. further ensure proper treatment of the
It can be considered as an option for certain cases but other more effective measures should be considered to tackle the problem regarding the aggressive behaviours of prison inmates. The patient (the prisoner) should have a say in whether or not he/she wants to take the medication or choose to participate in other rehabilitation methods such as counselling. Imprisonment should not be seen as a punishment, but rather is a way for people to change for
It actually involves psychiatric treatment, and even being held in a psychiatric institution, which can be even more traumatic than prison (2016 Insanity Defense). In fact, according to CNN, insanity defense is only used in 1% of the cases, and it is only successful in a fraction of those cases. The legal backing, and the reason I am against the abolition of insanity defense is because the person who commits the act is not aware of the nature and the quality of the act and does not know that what is being done is wrong. People should not be convicted if they do not understand the concept of
The law deals with these situations by treating insane offenders as patients who bear no criminal responsibility for their actions, but who must go under medical care if medical experts think it is necessary. For this reason the issue of insanity in criminal law has been very controversial, being seen oftentimes as a ruse to avoid criminal punishment. Insanity is rarely pleaded outside of homicide cases, figures from the Court Service show that between 2000 and 2013 insanity was pleaded in less
Given that the population refers to all patients suffering from moderate to mild depression, the sample was unrepresentative of the population Volunteering Sampling Method Non-probability sampling were done through interviews, advertisements in social media and flyer distribution to identify participants. Patient’s consent were needed before they are taken into the study. Different characteristics within the two groups While there are no expected confounders within the study as it is a randomised controlled trial, due to the small sampling size, both the treatment and control group possess different characteristics which affect the accuracy of the result Smoking There are more smokers in the social support group (17.6%) as compared to the dietary support group (10%). Research shown that nicotine (a compound found in cigarettes) damages certain pathways in the brain which may trigger mood swings and cause depression. Thus, dietary intervention may seem to be more effective in alleviating depression as the dietary support group has fewer smokers compared to the social support
If we could make this happen, the number of people being sent to jail can decrease. People who actually need the help are mistaken for criminals on a daily basis. "Medical professionals can and do treat addicts as patients, not as criminals, with far greater success and with far less damage to the rest of society than vanquishing these hapless souls in a brutal and expensive war" (Geers, et.al. 3). If drugs were legal, no one would think you 're a criminal and they 'd still treat you with the same respect.
However, crimes are committed whilst in prison, such as drugs and assaults. Some critics say the ‘three strikes and you are out’ law where repeat offenders get a longer sentence are wrong, as the third strike could be a lesser crime such as public disorder. Nevertheless, if just incapacitation and no rehabilitation some critics say will be costlier to society as they will go out and reoffend and, they are not employed and pay taxes. Rehabilitation is also a punishment which should improve the offender's behaviour and stop them committing crimes. Advocates of rehabilitation state prison does not work; however, critics of rehabilitation state prison does work as the criminal cannot commit a crime against the public while incarcerated (Cavadino, 2007 p 36/56).
In solitary confinement, prisoners may be punished by limiting human contact which have made prisoners “mentally even more ill” (Yamashita, “Human Rights of Prisoners”; Casey, “Solitary Confinement in the UK”). In the end however, further inhumane treatment would not affect changing morals in psychopaths for according to Dr. Bruce Gage, chief of psychiatry for the Washington Department of Corrections, they “tend to lack fear and have a ‘reduced response to punishment.’” Additionally, moral justice is not created if the penal system further damages the mental state of prisoners. For example, in the United Kingdom, one inmate claimed that there were “ten suicide attempts so far” in one prison, while another claimed
The death penalty is a cruel punishment meant for monstrous criminals, but what if that criminal had an illness that they were not responsible for. First, the Eighth Amendment forbids the execution of mentally retarded and juveniles, but states nothing about the mentally ill (Benza). Next, the execution of the mentally ill serves no justice for either of the families involved. Also, through the years there have been several mentally ill inmates that have been executed, and showed signs of severe mental illness years before their crime (Greenhouse). Therefore, mentally ill inmates should not receive the death penalty, because the affects of the illness are uncontrollable and the death penalty brings no fairness to either of the families involved
violent or nonviolent (1). It is hard to figure out who is a violent criminal due to the way they were charged under the justice system. There is no way of showing whether or not violence was used while they were dealing or drug using. These statistics prove that by focusing on other resolutions for non-violent crimes, the incarceration rates could be reduced. Along with rehabilitation for drug offenders, there is also a need for proper rehabilitation of mentally ill patients and prisoners to keep them from relapsing and ending up back in the system.
In 2000, U.S. agencies surpassed the $100-billion-a-day barrier in spending to incarcerate individuals with serious addiction problems. Rehabilitating and managing offenders who misuse alcohol has proven to be extraordinarily difficult. Despite traditional sanctions and ever-increasing terms of incarceration, addiction drives many of these offenders to continue committing crimes, resulting in a revolving door. Alcohol- and drug-involved offenders are overwhelming the criminal justice system, creating unwieldy court dockets, burdensome caseloads, and overcrowded jails and prisons. Yet, programs and sanctions have had little impact on the rate of alcohol-involved crime.
People often are guilty of letting things that are out of sight be out of their mind, but human rights should not be something overlooked. The imprisoned mentally ill has been often overlooked and there voices are not heard as they struggle everyday in inhumane conditions. The eight amendment states that no cruel and unusual punishments is to be inflicted upon the prisoners. Is the United Sates prison systems treating mentally ill prisoners according to the eight amendment? The largest prison rates belong to the United states and of those imprisoned, around the world, they are ten times more likely to be suffering from a mental illness (Mills, 2007).
The book indirectly supports this idea by repeatedly stating people argue that those with mental illnesses are not getting the adequate amount of help while incarcerated, and sometimes prison life may complicate the problems mentally ill people already face (Ch. 9, pg. 231). If inmates can struggle with menial tasks like standing in line for lunch or medications, or struggle with disrupting behavior, it would make sense to send them to a facility where they can get proper mental health care rather than a disciplinary system that may cause more disruptions and
Like many mentally ill Kentuckians, Morton was neither dangerous enough to be kept in a hospital for long nor healthy enough to care for himself in the community. If successful, House Bill 94 would "keep people out of the revolving door of the hospital," Sheila Schuster of the Kentucky Mental Health Coalition told the committee. Most states have adopted some version of "assisted outpatient treatment" since the 1980s, when families of the mentally ill began to lobby for it. Police or family members can have the mentally ill involuntarily committed to a hospital for treatment once they deteriorate to the point that they pose a threat to themselves or others. First, at a hearing, a judge would decide if the individual met various criteria, including having a severe mental illness, symptoms of anosognosia, a likelihood that he would be a danger to others and a determination that outpatient treatment was the least restrictive alternative available.