What is the biggest cause of crime in Central America? Cocaine, is by the far that biggest factor in crime all along Central America, the external trade of cocaine along with outside governments trying to stop it, have led to organized crime and drug mafias forming within the countries of Central America. People just don’t trust the government in these areas, the criminal justice system is weak, and with so many crimes going unpunished or unnoticed that the people who are innocent in these countries, can only turn towards the gangs and mafias for protection, which in many cases leads the kids of these families into the gangs and
When a state on the US and Mexican border, the crime rate seemed to fall by thirteen percent on average. The crime rates have fallen because most of the marijuana consumed by people in the US, originates in Mexico, where there are seven major drug cartels that control most of the drug trade. “These laws allow local farmers to grow marijuana that can then be sold to dispensaries where it is sold legally. These growers are in direct competition with Mexican drug cartels that are smuggling the marijuana into the US. As a result, the cartels get much less business” (Doward).
Graph 1: 12th Graders Drug Use by Type in the Past Year in the US Drug addiction can be a result of genetics, mental illness, social, environmental, and stress factors. The “National Institute on Drug Abuse” has shown that individuals with a familial history of drug addiction are four times more likely to become addicted, and that 60% of addicts have a family history of addiction. Studies have indicated that people suffering from stress, anxiety or depression are more likely to use drugs and become addicted. Living with other addicts increases the odds of addition, and 45% of addicts think that their environment has influenced them to start using drugs. Addiction manifests in physical (ongoing craving) and psychological (emotional reliance) dependence on drugs.
How did it start? This paper will explain you the beginning of corruption and some cases that had happened recently. Corruption in Mexico has existed since the Spanish came to conquer Mexico, when they took control of the Aztec Empire. The Aztecs saw them as gods who came to save them. (Lomnitz)
With profit being very in the cocaine industry, Forbes announced Pablo Escobar to be the 7th wealthiest man in the world. During the 1970’s Pablo Escobar decided to collaborate with other crime organization to establish the Medellin Cartel. The Drug Cartel was formed in partnership with other crime organization to distribute cocaine to the American Market. During the 1970’s and 1980’s Pablo Escobar and the Medellin Cartel was responsible for working in cocaine smuggling business and it was estimated that they were responsible for 80%-90% of drug shipments to the United States, and 80% of drug shipments globally. With the Drug trade, Escobar was able to a fortune and he was able to afford a luxurious lifestyle.
This needs to be fixed by wiping out the drug cartel and rebuilding the government. Corruption within Mexico had long existed even before Mexico was its own independent country. After being under Spain’s rule for three centuries, the country faced continuous political
Richard Nixon implemented the Drug Enforcement Committee also known as the DEA in 1973, to combat the transport and trafficking of drugs and to enforce drug control. Seven divisions in the organization report to the administrator, and they all work in harmony to fight the drug trade. A big problem the DEA is currently facing is the escape of notorious drug lord, Joaquin Guzmán, also known as “El Chapo.” El Chapo is the famed leader of the Sinaola cartel, which his uncle was Pedro Avilés Pérez pioneered. He is the most wanted man in Mexico and the DEA is currently offering a reward of five million USD for information leading to his arrest.
South Texas cities like Laredo , San Antonio , El Paso, McAllen , Rio Bravo , Prisons have a lot of Mexican Mafia members , and the public knows and can extinguish them with their tattoos , and symbols, ,also South / South east/ south west California is Full of Mexican Mafia members because that where they originally started and the public knows back in the 1980s was the rise of that specific gang and started doing lots of hits on rival gang members, law enforcement and to the public with the gang members still in prison. This gang has been recognized by the public since when it first started. This gang is also known by the rival’s gangs out in public and will try to cause problems, to show his dominate in the streets. An a example of all that I have talked about in this research paper is that on June, 20th 2013 the D.E.A and the F.B.I launched a investigation, in Texas that the Mexican Mafia was doing business with the Zetas Cartel, Mexican Mafia allegedly brought drugs across the border at Laredo and moved them up through San Antonio, Austin and Fort drug while the boss of Mexican Mafia was in prison and 30 more member of the gang was in the organized
The War on Drugs is a phrase used to refer to a government-led initiative that aims to stop illegal drug use, distribution and trade by increasing and enforcing penalties for offenders. The movement started in the 1970s and is still evolving today (History.com Staff). The drugs that were being transported when this initiative was put into action were coming from South America (Mexico was first, but US locked down borders, so South American drug lords seized the opportunity). South American drug trafficking was, in the end, the tipping point for the American government. Thinking this through logically, one can’t have a war on drugs without the drugs themselves.
It is known as the ‘dark side of globalization’ due to an enormous upsurge of human enslavement that has accompanied a border-free world economy (Kapur, 2003). During the recent 30 years, the rapidly growing sex trade has been massively “industrialized” worldwide, generating profits adding up to billions of dollars and has made a market of sexual exchanges in which millions of children and women have been converted into sexual commodities (Poulin, 2003). Ranked as the third most serious illegal trade after drugs and weapons (Hughes, 2000), sex trafficking is the illegal moving and selling of human beings across countries in exchange for financial or other compensation (Toepfer & Wells, 1994). It involves coercion, deception and even violence, depriving victims of human rights. The example of sex trade exemplifies one of the most complex networks
According to the 2014 NDTS, 29.1 percent of those that participated in the NDTS, reported that heroin was the drug with the highest threat in their area. This was considerably more than any other drug with the exception of methamphetamine which has 31.8 percent. The Organized Crime and Drug Enforcement Task Force (OCDETF) regions where heroin has become the highest rating in the United States was the northern
Since President Nixon began his war on drugs in 1971, there have been 45 million arrests and have spent billions of dollars in the fight against public enemy number one in the United States: consumption and drug trafficking. However, drugs are becoming cheaper and pure and access to them ever easier. Under President Nixon emphasized treating addicts, but, over the years, the focus has been on criminalizing consumers, and created a system that measures the police efficiency, rewards and amounts depending on the number of arrests. The documentary "The House I Live I" is an accurate portrait of the American judicial system intricate in its relentless fight against drug trafficking, which has resulted in violations of human rights and individual
The war on drugs was first proposed during that decade and instead of treating the problem as a health issue, it was heavily criminalized. The war of drugs ideology was proposed to America by Richard Nixon, in a figurative sense, but when Ronald Reagan came into office, it manifested into becoming literal. Citizens were being criminalized and arrested for small amounts of drugs such as weed. As well during this decade, Southern Strategy began to be practiced. Southern Strategy was the political method of recruiting Souther Whites to join the political party.
This drug was given to every soldier wounded during the battle because of its long, quick, and strong painkilling properties. It was later discovered that around 400,000 verterans suffered from “Soldiers Disease,” addicition and side effects to morphine following the Civil War4. The drug, diacetylmorphine (Heroin), was discovered and brought to market in 1898 with intent to be an alternative to Morphine with more tolerable side effects. The compound has two acetyl groups vs the two hydroxyl groups characteristic to Morphine, thus making the compound more lipophilic, which makes it able to penetrate the blood brain barrier quicker and cause a much more potent effect and leading to a strong euphoria, which then leads to addiction5. Heroin was withdrawn from the market and deemed illegal shortly after its release due to related deaths and highly addictive
The previous decades saw increased the decriminalization of certain drugs, such as marijuana, as they began to be used more casually. However, the 1980s and the specifically the Reagan administration saw the “War on Drugs” start. Led by Nancy Reagan, the “Just Say No” campaign dominated the headlines as parents became concerned about their children using drugs (Goode & Ben-Yehuda, n.d.). Under new leadership, the government began to criminalize drug use to unprecedented levels.