For years, the United States and Mexico have been engaged in operations to halt the production of drugs south of the border as well as their shipment to the United States, which is world’s largest drug market. However, the genesis of the current Drug War is commonly traced back to the 2000s for a couple of reasons. Just days after taking office in December 2006, Mexican President Felipe Calderon kicked off a veritable “war” against the cartels when he sent 6,500 soldiers and police into his home state of Michoacan to organized crime in this area. Mexican society is largely homogeneous and socially conservative.
However, despite the reliance on the food and agriculture sector, Colombia’s drug trade makes up 1 percent of the country’s GDP, and the cartels are estimated to export $10 billion annually. To put this into perspective, this means that the illegal drug trade roughly makes up a quarter of Colombia’s legal exports. Out of the $10 billion annually exported by the drug cartels, $4.6 billion of the profits were exports sent to the United States. According to a report released by Business Insider, about 90 percent of the cocaine used by American’s originate from Colombia. In addition, Colombian groups control the distribution of cocaine and heroin in the United States across 40 different cities, primarily located in the
The Mexican Mafia also known as La Eme (Spanish for “the letter M”) or Trece (Spanish for the number “13”) is a Hispanic, Mexican / American criminal Organization that was formed in prison in 1957-Present day. The characteristics of this Gang is really Organized, they go by ranking structures they have their soldiers, caporegime , under boss, and the boss. They are many ways to extinguish them by their tattoos, the color green in clothing, the Mexican flag, the number 13, the Aztecas, or a letter “M”. You have to do jobs for them in order to get in or follow orders, or get beat by the gang to get in and if successful you will be in the gang and will “always be protected by them ”.
Their main goal was being able to control the drug trade between Texas and Mexico ("Barrio Azteca”). Soon after starting to help the Juarez Cartel with their drug operation, they eventually formed an alliance with the cartel. Currently the gang has thousands of members in the United States and Mexican prisons, and continues to spread throughout the states (Cawley). Since the gang follows a hierarchical command of control, many of its leaders rule from within the prison system. The gang is commonly referred to as either the
However, some people that come here come just to make their drug cartels economy good because they come here to sell they’re products. The “drug war” in northern Mexico is one gigantic bloodbath. The Mexican government says that as many as 28,000 people have been slaughtered by the drug cartels since 2007. A very significant percentage of those deaths have happened in areas right along the U.S. border.
The purpose of this research is to draw a connection between a history of gang violence in Central America and drug trafficking in Mexico and Central American and Mexican migration patterns to the U.S. Beyond that, this paper highlights U.S. involvement in the increase of gang violence specifically in Honduras and El Salvador, and how the U.S. demand for narcotics has fueled the Drug War throughout Latin America but mostly in Mexico. This paper also shows how U.S. policies on the legalization of certain drugs and criminal justice reforms can decrease illegal immigration and improve the lives of people seeking to migrate north.
Because the cartels were focused on their shipping cocaine, the violence that they emitted was focused on the drug trade. Looking again at the issue of extradition, one can see how the acts of violence committed during this period were motivated by their involvement in the drug trade, allowing them to focus their violence. Los Extraditables carried out a campaign of assassinations—which included, judges, political figures, policemen, and many more—and bombings in order to prevent the possibility of extradition. These acts of violence were focused on stopping extradition and not necessarily to overthrow the current government or to push a political agenda. The cartels were able to employ sicarios and bombs to take out political figure that would work against them.
With reference to the facts outlined above arises the questions why so many Mexicans try to come to the U.S.. There are abundant push factors for Mexicans, which persuade them to go to the USA. There are incredibly high crime rates in Mexico, especially in the capital. Homicide and drug related crimes are among others one of the biggest problems of the country. In the last 5 years about 47,500 people have been killed in crimes relating to drugs.
41). These drug cartels present a difficult problem in that they not only import illegal drugs, but they often are in dispute over both territory and police ownership (Warner, p. 42). These cartels are smuggling drugs across the border from many different regions of the world and present a very difficult situation for law enforcement. This may be due in part to their intimate knowledge of the area they operate in, as well as that of their connection to gangs, which they utilize to assist in cross-border movement. The current number of both law enforcement agents and law enforcement agencies along the border is not sufficient in either numbers or strength to curtail these illicit
There have been many causes due to the United States of America and Mexico border disputes. These include its extensive history through sources such as the several past wars and the countless disputes between residents. With the strong issue of territorial claims that contradict each other, treaties have been seen as useless with an even more inadequate attempt of fence construction as seen in Image 1. With many bandits and thieves in this area, drug trafficking and illegal immigration is an impending dilemma.
According to Brianna Lee in Mexico’s Drug War, “more than 90 percent of cocaine now travels through Mexico into the United States, up from 77 percent in 2003.” Therefore, drug trafficking is at a higher Smith 2 rate than it was 12 years ago with just one illegal drug. With other illegal drugs that are trafficking added to this list the percentage would grow and the demand of illegal drugs will rise. We have to also keep in mind that this drug trafficking alone is only into the United States, imagine how high the demand of illegal drugs is in other countries coming from Mexico. The war on drugs has failed for many years, and is the reason drug trafficking is still highly rising.
Introduction Written and published in 2008 by Paul Gootenberg, History professor and Latin American studies at University of New York at Stony Brook, “Andean Cocaine: The Making of a Global drug” retraces the pivotal stages of the illicit cocaine trafficking, starting from the boundless coca fields in Latin America to the chemistry laboratories in Europe up until the streets of U.S. cities. The aim of this book review is to provide the reader with a short but detailed insight of what is the main content of the book, by paying particular attention to its structure, objectivity and style. Scope & Organisation Adopting a meticulous chronological approach, Gootenberg describes the infamous and complex untold history of cocaine, analysing and
The 2014 National Drug Threat Assessment (NDTA) Summary discourses evolving expansions associated with the trafficking and use of main illicit drugs abuse. The U.S. seizures of illegal substances in shipment exceeded 1,626 metric tons, demonstrating that DTOs have great succeed in shipping thousand tons of cocaine, marijuana, methamphetamine, heroin, and MDMA into the United States each year. (DEA 2014) There are exceptional smuggling and shipping methods related with each drug type, but drug seizure statistics and federal, state, and local law enforcement reporting shows that smuggling overland and transportation by vehicle surpass all other methods of smuggling combined. The 2014 National Drug Control Strategy, in which has had very little