In the 1970s, cocaine resurfaced in South America from its long history as a traditional medicine, and began to generate a large income for those who processed and sold the good. Cocaine was rendered harmless by the public, thought of as a “high class drug”, and by the 1980s, nearly six million Americans were hooked on the soft white powder; it was then found to be an extremely addictive and unsafe narcotic. Because drug use and trade into America started to become a pressing issue, the United States hoped that by stopping cocaine production in Colombia, the drug abuse problem in the US would proportionally decline. Attempting to carry out this plan of action, US military teams relentlessly raided the estates and “drug processing facilities”
Because the cartels were focused on their shipping cocaine, the violence that they emitted was focused on the drug trade. Looking again at the issue of extradition, one can see how the acts of violence committed during this period were motivated by their involvement in the drug trade, allowing them to focus their violence. Los Extraditables carried out a campaign of assassinations—which included, judges, political figures, policemen, and many more—and bombings in order to prevent the possibility of extradition. These acts of violence were focused on stopping extradition and not necessarily to overthrow the current government or to push a political agenda. The cartels were able to employ sicarios and bombs to take out political figure that would work against them.
One major cause of added tension is the practice of racial profiling by law enforcement which increased significantly in the 80’s, when “the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) developed profiling of drug couriers to intercept and reduce interstate drug trafficking” (Sirin 4). With few policy changes since the war on drugs began, the results are, in 2000 the U.S. surpassed Russia as the leader of having the most individuals incarcerated. Michigan, a relatively small state, in regard to population, has more individuals incarcerated than the country of France, and the numbers get worse in the larger states like California. From 1980 to 2000 the “number of individuals incarcerated increased 300%, with the majority being African Americans” (Sirin 7). The last few years have seen “some
Since government does not support citizens, some of them have to migrate to the U.S to make more money due to debt piling up. Additionally, the citizens say that the government do not support farms, nor does the government tell citizens about funding available for certain programs and businesses. The citizens even say that the government takes advantage of those who are uneducated, and that they depend on the U.S rather than their own government. 4. What are the two top sources of money coming into Mexico?
Pena Nieto, the newly appointed president, began his term by improving coordination between intelligence and operations agencies and calling for judicial reform, resulting in high profile captures of drug lords. This different approach caused a decrease in homicides, but an overall increase in kidnappings and extortion cases, showing a diversification of criminal activities. Furthermore, Mexico City, which had previously had lower levels of violence, there was a 21 percent increase in homicide. Calderon’s and Nieto’s initiatives both focused on an issue and improved it to an extent, but their successes were diminished by the fact that the severity of other issues increased. In Nieto’s case the statistics clearly showed that even though he reduced homicide there was still an increase in crime, it just diversified and homicide actually increased in Mexico
The government instead of being supporting this type of laws and trying to legalize drugs, should make an educational plan for youth and teens, and explain them what are the negative sides of using drugs. To increment plans against the use of tobacco and alcohol within minors, and to actually enforce the law of compsuntion, which is 18 in Mexico. Countries like US, actually enforce this law, and the compsuntion of alcohol and tobacco within minors is really really low. Another negative side effect of the legalization of drugs would be the increment of violence, because people who do not have money to buy drugs, would steal or kidnap people for money to spend it on drugs. Most of the violence in Mexico is due to the drug war, and if the drugs are legalized, the levels of violence would increase as well.
Colombia has not been the world’s cocaine leader only due to reasons regarding the instability of the country or its geographical location, but especially due to to this paramilitary organization. The political instability is present in most of the Latin American countries, but if the drugs industry has been developing especially in Colombia is because of the strategy implemented by the FARC. Many times the Colombian government tried to dismantle this organization through policies or plans in common with other countries too such as the United States but, due to the exponential growth of the FARC and the profits gained during the last fifty years, it seems impossible to dismantle it. Colombia in the last ten years reduced the supply of the drug through the use different policies, but it still remains the leading country in cocaine’s production. (AMPLIARE O SPIEGARE
One way people abuse the welfare system is by participating in illegal drugs and consuming alcohol. If a person has the money to buy drugs and alcohol, then why do they need our tax dollars too? Why should the people be responsible for feeding someone else’s addiction? Most related studies show that one-third of welfare recipients use illegal drugs (Rector). If the government would anonymously give welfare recipients a drug and alcohol test once a month, then the amount of people who abuse the welfare system would dramatically decrease.
I am thankfully not an expert on cocaine or its use, but a cursory Google search tells me that crack cocaine is just powder cocaine mixed with baking soda. However, what's interesting is how these new laws targeted crack cocaine but not powder cocaine. Well, crack cocaine was an inner-city drug, while powder cocaine was something for the Wall Street lifestyle. Basically, white people chose to use powder cocaine, and powder cocaine doesn't result in nearly the same kind of damaging prison sentences as crack does. Ironically, crack is more frequently used by poorer minority populations due to its
Many factors of the crack epidemic influenced the crime drop. First, the “precipitous rise in crack cocaine in the mid-to-late 1980s in America” made violence and crime increase drastically (Baumer and Wolff, 2014, p. 21). Since crime shot up, it made statistics seem to drop even more in the 1990s, especially for homicides, as stated by Levitt (2004). The shift from young people to a “graying” society is another point at which Baumer, Wolff and Levitt can all agree could be a cause for the crime drop of the 1990s (Baumer and Wolff, 2014, p. 20). As Levitt (2004) stated “those over the age of 65 experience victimization rates for serious violent crime that are less than one-tenth of those of teenagers” (p. 171) and since the young population got older, the crime followed in trend.
In the 1980’s the introduction of Crack Cocaine which was much more addictive to the users and more profitable for the drug dealers than Powder Cocaine. The prompted the administration to create Reagans War on Drugs which was supposed to make a major difference in the use of illegal drugs. By giving a much stiffer penalty to drug dealers for possession an even a moderate amount of illegal drugs. The fear of jail time was going be a deterrent to reduce the sale and illegal drug use. A minimum five year jail sentence would be handed out to someone caught with 500 grams of powder cocaine or with five grams of crack cocaine.
Gangsters’ main methods of gaining control were by instilling fear into local business; once people feared them they were able to exploit them. “By the 1920s, Americans had consumed over twenty-five million gallons of illegal liquor, and bootlegging became a one billion dollars business” As the bootlegging business blossomed, street gangs became established gangsters. With their new found wealth they were able to pay off law enforcement officials. Many law enforcement officials took the bribe, because they were underpaid and overworked. Not only did gangsters have money, they now had the power of the law which made running their operations less complicated.
Even though these estimates and costs may make drug trafficking appear to do more harm than good, that is not exactly the case in Mexico or many Latin American countries. On drug trafficking’s effects on the Mexican economy journalist Jacobo Zabludovsky said, “ If the heavens allowed for drug trafficking in Mexico to end tonight, tomorrow we would be dying of hunger. Or almost” (Que Seria De Mexico). Drug trafficking has a significant impact on how the economy runs in Mexico. Drugs alone bring in about $40 million dollars into the Mexican economy (Que Seria De Mexico).
However, some people that come here come just to make their drug cartels economy good because they come here to sell they’re products. The “drug war” in northern Mexico is one gigantic bloodbath. The Mexican government says that as many as 28,000 people have been slaughtered by the drug cartels since 2007. A very significant percentage of those deaths have happened in areas right along the U.S. border. Why discriminate all of the Hispanics and just not give them opportunities every one should earn opportunities to show there
Until Congress votes on cannabis being legal in the U.S., it will still be illegal to grow and possess. There are some benefits of using marijuana, but it is mainly known for its negative effects on people. The use of marijuana as a drug has become more common in the U.S. ever since Mexican immigrants have migrated to the United States. The drug affects any and everyone who uses it in a negative way. It could be the use of smoking it or putting it in food or drinks, but in all, the main reason for the use of marijuana is to get high.