Cystic Fibrosis Could you Imagine what it would be like if you had a disorder that clogged and blocked the passageways in your body? Well there is a disease that does this very same thing, and it’s called Cystic Fibrosis. Cystic Fibrosis is a genetic disease that causes your body to produce a thick and sticky mucus. No, the disease isn’t the mucus being produced, it’s the mucus being thick and sticky. This mucus is supposed to be thin and watery, so it can act like a lubricant and help protect your bodies organs and passageways.
• Results of visual, auditory, and brainstem evoked potential studies are often abnormal. • Electromyography (EMG) findings may be very abnormal in people with advanced stages of the disease. (Ignataviscius & Workman, 2013, p. 979) V.C. Labs Upon admission to the hospital labs were taken to determine my patient’s chemistry, her hematology, and her urinalysis. • Chemistry • Sodium (NA)- 140mmol/L (range 135-145 mmol/L) • Potassium (K)-3.8mmol/L (range
Elizabeth Barron Winters OA April 17, 2017 Case study 2 Immunological malfunction Question 1 IgA is a monomer in plasma and is a dimer in mucus, tears, intestinal secretions and milk. Its function is to prevent pathogens from penetrating underlying tissues and sticking to epithelia. IgD is a transmembrane protein of B cells and its function is to help the activation of B Cells by antigens. IgE is a transmembrane protein of basophils and mast cells, its function is to simulate the release of histamine and other inflammation mediators. IgG is the circulating antibodies in blood plasma, it is secreted in the secondary immune response.
It down-regulates both cytokines, stem cell factor and endothelin-1, influences the MITF gene, inhibits melanin generating enzymes, disrupts melanosome transportation system, and prevent melanosomes enter the keratocytes. With the addition of Dipotassium Glycyrrhizinate (INCI: Dipotassium Glycyrrhizinate) that possesses superior anti-inflammatory and anti-allergenic properties so that restores skin’s barrier function and helps reduce skin redness. To improve overall skin moisturizing level, plant-derived emollient Corum 5081 (INCI: Phytosteryl Hydroxysterate) certificated by Ecocert, is recognized for its excellent water-retaining and moisturizing ability. Together, this formula offers you a glowing, radiant and dewy
The main nutrient deficiencies KP is linked to is Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Vitamin D and Essential Fatty Acids (EFA’s). We will go more in details about this Keratosis Pilaris in the next section (Kinai 2014). Also, gluten intolerance has been closely associated with the causation and worsening of KP. The reasons being that a gluten intolerance often damages in the intestinal tract and results in an inflammatory condition, as well as the malabsorption of nutrients, especially fats (Mercola 2011). It is shown that a deficiency in healthy fat can impede important body functions and processes, which can lead to KP.
If after 5min there is less than 5.5mm of wetting. Redo to confirm the test and if the results are the same then there is aqueous tear-deficiency dry eye. With evaporative dry eye the schirmer test is usually normal . If there is aqueous tear-deficiency dry eye, suspect Sjogren syndrome especially if there is xerostomia. Further tests such as serologic and labial salivary gland biopsy can diagnose Sjogren syndrome.
The free fatty acids are then used as an energy source, converted to triglyceride, or stored in adipose tissue. The end-products of chylomicron metabolism are chylomicron remnants that are cleared from the circulation by hepatic chylomicron remnant receptors for which apo E is a high-affinity ligand. The chylomicron remnants contain a smaller core of lipids that is enveloped by excess surface components. These surface constituents are transferred from the chylomicron remnant for the formation of high density lipoprotein.
Chemical composition of the substratum was very important in deciding the adhesion capacity of temporarily attached cyprids. Irrespective of the chemical nature of the substratum, same adhesion capacity was provided by suction (Yule AB and Crisp DJ, 1983 & Yule DJ and Walker G, 1984). The term cyprid temporary adhesive was given by Walker and Yule after demonstrating the involvement of a liquid secretion in cyprid reversible adhesive (Walker and Yule, 1984). They estimated the thickness of these deposits was in the order of 15nm using scanning electron microscope (Anderson O et al 2009 & Aldred N 2011). This estimate was close to independent values obtained by atomic force microscopy (Phang IY et al, 2008)
It is secreted by type II alveolar cells, which secrete alveolar fluid (surfactant is a component of alveolar fluid). Surfactant is a mixture of phospholipids and lipoproteins, which serves to lower the surface tension of alveolar fluid, 30 preventing collapse of alveoli and maintaining their patency 8. Meconium, when aspirated into the lungs, deactivates surfactant. Research has also shown that meconium disturbs surfactant synthesis, with a study concluding that surfactant phosphatidylcholine (a phospholipoprotein which forms about 85% of the lipid component in surfactant) concentrations are low in infants with meconium aspiration syndrome 14. In addition, another study has demonstrated the surfactant-stripping effect of meconium, due to the high minimum surface tensions of the major free fatty acids of meconium (palmitic, stearic, and oleic acids) 15,16.
. SUPER HYDROPHOBICITY Soumya Ranjan Sahoo (711CH1025) NIT, Rourkela Abstract: Superhydrophobicity as a sensation has turned into an increasing focus of research and technological movement, where its key viewpoints span surface chemistry, chemical physics, and cellular biology. Hydrophobic particles have a tendency to be non-polar and, accordingly, incline toward other neutral molecule and non-polar solvents. Hydrophobic atoms in water frequently bunch together, shaping micelles. Water on hydrophobic surfaces will display a high contact point.