I. Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, more well-known as ADHD, is a disorder that affects 9% of children in the U.S. When left untreated, ADHD can lead the sufferer to be unable to cope in school or socially and possibly leads to depression. ADHD is a hyperactivity disorder with many symptoms that can be treated through therapy, emotional counselling, and use of medications. II. There is a plethora of symptoms when it comes to ADHD.
After observing Art’s diagnosis for PTSD, there are disorders that need to be noted because of similarities. The first disorder to rule out is F43.0 Acute Stress Disorder. Art meets most of the criteria presented; however the time frame does not match. Acute stress disorder has symptoms that occur immediately after the traumatic event and last up to a month (APA, 2013). We understand from the video, Art has been suffering with these symptoms for a lot longer then a month.
1.2. Problem Statement Musculoskeletal Disorders are result from exposure to multiple risk factors that can cause the disorders. Pain, numbness, tingling, stiff joints, muscle loss, paralysis are examples of health conditions causes by MSDs. Patient of MSDs take time to recover and some never regain full health. MSDs occur when physical abilities of person (in this case, schoolchildren), do not match the physical requirements of the job or activities.
People who experience withdrawal will often endure a combination of physical and psychological symptoms that range from mild to severe, or even life-threatening. The early symptoms of alcohol withdrawal can appear six hours to a few days after a person’s last drink of alcohol. Each person is different and may experience one or more of a multitude of physical and mental symptoms that impact many areas of life. Feelings of anxiety and irritability are common. Mental function can also be comprised by confusion, headaches, insomnia, and nightmares.
It is quite easy to mistake an anxiety attack for a panic attack and vice versa. However, for effective treatment and management, it is necessary to learn to distinguish between the two. Here's how you can find out whether you are suffering from an anxiety or panic attack. Duration of time One of the major factors that distinguishes anxiety from a panic attack is the duration of its existence. An anxiety attack may last for days, weeks or even months, whereas a panic attack lasts only for around 30 minutes.
BRIEF PSYCHIATRIC RATING SCALE (BPRS)73 We used 18=item Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS)73. BPRS is a widely used instrument for assessing the positive, negative, and affective symptoms of individuals who have psychotic disorders, especially schizophrenia. It has proven particularly valuable for documenting the efficacy of treatment in patients who have moderate to severe disease. The BPRS consists of 18 symptom constructs and takes 20-30 minutes for the interview and scoring. The rater should enter a number ranging from 1 (not present) to 7 (extremely severe).
4. Disadvantages Postural hypotension, nausea, confusion Accentuation of levodopa induced involuntary movements and psychosis. Worsening of levodopa side effects like dyskinesia, postural hypotension Diarrhea and yellow orange discoloration of urine Advantages Selegiline if used in early PD prolongs the initiation of Levodopa by 9 months. Disease modifying action in Parkinson’s disease. Prolongs levodopa action Useful in wearing off events and motor fluctuations Increases t1/2 of levodopa Increases the availability of levodopa in CNS Useful in advanced cases of Parkinson’s disease Useful in on-off phenomenon Mechanism Intracerebral degradation of dopamine is retarded by inhibition of MAO-B Inhibits metabolism of levodopa by COMT Drug Name MAO-B (Monoamine oxidase B) inhibitors Selegiline Rasagiline COMT (Catecholamine o-methyl transferse) inhibitors Entacapone, Tolcapone Sr No 5.
Miller (2010) conjectured that children who grow up under authoritarian parenting styles often experience long term emotional consequences. They tend to have poor social skills, low self-esteem, anger and higher rates of depression and anxiety. It is due to independence is discouraged; children are taught to follow rules rather than taking initiatives. They are not taught how to think. This lack of independence, both emotional and physical, can eventually result in low self-esteem.
According to (Luey H. S., 1995) findings the effect of deafness depends on the age the deafness occurs. The people who loss their hearing in early childhood are less affected than those who became deaf after speech development. Because they can feel the loss of speech that made them sad. Graf and Bijl’s (Donald A. Ramsdell) (2002) research support the above findings. They interview 523 adults who had hearing loss more than 60dB in the better ear and reported that 43.2% female respondents with post-lingual hearing loss showed signs of mental distress compared to pre-lingual female
Social Phobia varies in its developmental and initial presentation. In children, the disorder grows out of a long-term history of shyness or social inhibition and in some others it becomes apparent following move to a new school or similar developmental challenge. Selective Mutism in Children Selective mutism is a disorder in which an individual is not able to speak aloud in specific conditions when there is an expectation of conversational speech (American Psychiatric Association, 2000b) It is also defined that an anxiety disorder, given that a large majority of children with selective mutism are anxious (American Psychiatric Association. Task Force on DSM-V., 2013). Selective Mutism can be accompanied by other anxiety disorders such as separation anxiety disorders, social anxiety disorder or social phobia, agoraphobia and panic disorders, as well as shyness and anxiety; however it can also exist without other anxiety disorders (Manassis,