Dual Citizenship Issues

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Citizenship issues have become subject of increasingly vivid debates since the beginning of the Nineties. The underlying principles of citizenship have been questioned by political theorists, sociologists, politicians and international organizations and their findings varied in focus, substance and consequence. This renewed interest in citizenship studies is due to transformations and developments affecting the political, social, and economic realms at different levels: global (increased economic interdependence, human rights revolution, end of geopolitical blocs, increasing migratory flows), regional (fall of Communism in Eastern Europe, European regional integration), and domestic (the crisis of post-modern democracies, the need for social integration of migrants, minority issues). In the growing literature on citizenship, the question of dual citizenship has recently attracted the attention of several scholars, as this form of dual state membership put under question the traditional relationship between national citizenship, loyalty and identity, urging a re-analysis of the social and political rights and duties associated with citizenship. This recent form of citizenship challenges one of the most stable assumptions of the modern era, namely, that nation-states represent the highest institution to which an individual affirm allegiance. This conception of unique nationhood has been weakening in the course of the last decades under the pressure of globalization and the

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