Niedermayer (1990) said that there is some kind of advantages of the disease model. It provides medical treatment from the hospital for addictive people. Also, it protects addictive people from blaming, and it diminishes feeling of guilt and embarrassment. Even though there are some advantages of the model, the model has been criticized for many views. Wilbanks (1989) claimed that it takes responsibility from addictive people to recover by own self, and it labeled them as a victim of substances; in fact, it places learned helplessness in the mind of an addictive person.
A person gender or ethnicity factors into the risk. The changes in the brain diminish a persons ability to make rational choices. No longer can the addict be counted on to make the necessary changes needed to get better. They now must rely on a medical and scientific approach to help cure their addiction. MY Position In this paper I will argue why I feel addiction is a brain disease.
The medical model looks at a mental illness as a result of physical problems within the body such as genetic faults, a chemical imbalance, or abnormal brain structure. Which means it can be treated medically. For instance there is evidence from brain scans to show that people who live with anorexia have increased activity within the serotonin systems and higher levels of dopamine receptors within the brain (News.bbc.co.uk, 1999). The medical model is the most recognised, most supported and most used when it comes to mental illness. For instance people who live with schizophrenia can be prescribed dopamine antagonists that reduce the symptoms and hallucinations that come with the illness.
Instead, each type is specifically tailored towards the needs of individuals along with the addiction problem one is experiencing. Psychotherapy, for example, is specifically useful in the treatment of mental health conditions that usually string along with prescription drug abuse. In the case of psychotherapy, psychotherapists explore psychological means of drug addiction treatment simply because medical means aren’t sufficient and involving enough. Psychotherapy in its own is a perfect example of an individual therapy program, which is mostly preferable to drug addicts who have serious problems, mostly those of dual diagnosis. This means that individual therapy is very useful in the treatment of conditions, such as depression and bipolar disorder.
The effects of addiction on health can be devastating. Once addiction develops, the brain changes interfere with an individual’s ability to make voluntary decisions, leading to compulsive drug craving, seeking and use. 6 Drug abuse can suppress the body’s immune system and is related to risky behaviours, involving the sharing of contaminated syringe, needle or injection paraphernalia and unprotected sex. The combination greatly increases the likelihood of acquiring HIV, hepatitis and many other infectious diseases. 6 Drugs that lead to these diseases are heroin, cocaine and methamphetamine.
Brain, as one of the most complicated part of the organs in human beings’ body, contains a lot of secrets which make human so special than other species. It also plays an essential role in our daily thought and reaction. If there is something wrong with the brain or people maybe called it as mental illness, they would need some treatment such as taking some drugs. According to the passage “ Who Holds the Clicker”, written by Lauren Slater, she introduces another way to deal with the mental illness: Neural implants. She takes a patient with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) as an example to show that the brain is the place that could control some our emotion.
f) The biogenic theory of depression in terms of our theoretical understandings of mental disorders was formed. i) The theory stated that the mood is determined in the brain by biogenic amines – complex chemicals who’s structure resembles that of ammonia. ii) Before antidepressants, amines were involved in the regulation of a variety of functions; from heart rate and stomach motility, to alertness and sleep. (1) Iproniazid and Imipramine concluded that amines regulated mood but it could not be proved. (a) The amine hypothesis could not support the effects of the drugs.
Psychosis is a strange phenomenon as those who have it don’t realize they do. Often times, psychosis can be cured with therapy, but sometimes, it requires medication. Rog Phillips, in his story The Yellow Pill, addresses both these methods of curing an individual with psychosis, but the reality is that one man needed both therapy and medication as the true setting is in on Earth. Mental illness impacts everyone at some point in one’s life. If severe enough, having a disorder can cloud one’s judgement to the point of committing acts of terror unknowingly.
Components of substance use disorder include addiction, dependence and abuse. Addiction is a disorder of the brain where a person feels he has to take the drug despite its destructive effects (Volkow, Koob and McLellan). Dependence is a state normally associated when an