To profess their heterosexual identity, boys enact the ritual of performative sex talk. With a profusion of sexual bravado, boys fight to one-up each other in their stories of sexual prominence and prosperity. Pascoe states that “expressing heterosexual desire establishes a sort of baseline masculinity” (87), in part to distance themselves from the feminine identity of a “fag,” but also to establish masculine dominance. These discussions center around how these boys are able to enact their subjectivity and control on the world around them, with women as the objects of their control and puppets of their desires. Furthermore, the masculine dominance is established through compulsive heterosexuality when boys engage in specific patterns of opposite-sex touching. Whereas as same-sex touching is acceptable only in certain situations, such as the male-dominated world of sports or in the assertion of masculinity through mocking “fag” touch, opposite-sex touch takes on the role of normalizing heterosexuality as a predatory and sometimes violent social relation between boys and girls. In the same way that a superior is able to touch a subordinate, invade their space, and assert their control, so to are boys able to touch girls in this high school setting. Often played off as flirting by teachers who might otherwise
Pascoe explains the teenagers use of the fag discourse by stating that “becoming a fag has as much to do with failing at the masculine tasks of competence, heterosexual prowess, and strength or in any way revealing weakness or femininity as it does with a sexual identity” (Pascoe, 54) The only reason these teenagers feel this way is because they have been socialized to believe that masculinity is the cornerstone of being a male. They grow up seeing this reinforced on all levels and they witness firsthand the range of repercussions for not following this model. It only takes a moment to fail at being masculine, and when you fail at being masculine you are and should be bombarded with judgement and
Resolutions are vehemently being sought to protect schools from possible attacks and to objectively eradicate deadly school shootings altogether. Commonly, security officers are placed in schools in hopes that increased surveillance will inhibit violent outbreaks (Crawford and Burns 2016). Mixed evaluations have been found in association with security officers, while some benefits reportedly transpire, experiences of disparaging consequences remain a regrettable reality as well (Crawford and Burns 2016). Additionally, active shooter drills routinely occur at schools across the nation, however, as Jillian Peterson and James Densley report in their CNN article titled, “The Usual Approach to School Security Isn’t Working,” studies indicate that
“Doing Gender” by West and Zimmerman is similar to Butler’s “Performative Acts and Gender Constitution.” However, West and Zimmerman build upon the ideas that Butler puts forth. Butler focuses on gender as performance and how gender is made up by specific actions. While West and Zimmerman take the concept of performance and constitution and applies it to a new concept, the sex category and how sex categories and gender are intertwined in society.
Using their views on the accessibility of birth control, Planned Parenthood has been educating teens in schools about being sexually active and the different Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) that students could put themselves at risk for (Who We Are, 2014). Teaching kids about sex in school as a mandatory course has some mixed reviews. Some parents think that is not ethical to bring intercourse to the thoughts of their children when they should be learning more from their core curriculums. On the other hand, teenagers are known to have sex regardless if it is to their parents knowledge or not and the parents find it okay to enlighten the child about this type of
2. An academically and socially struggling 11-year-old female student, Irina, comes to speak with the school counselor, Mrs. Moon, about her increasing awareness of herself as lesbian. Irina’s parents are conservative Catholics and the culture of the school community is likewise politically conservative. She would like to meet in a group with other gay and lesbian students in the school. As a result of the school’s emphasis on the Common Core, group counseling has been eliminated this year. Using an ethical decision-making model, identify what ethical issues exist in this case that a school counselor needs to consider including how to respond to Irina’s request?
In “Commanding the Room in Short Skirts: Cheering as the Embodiment of Ideal Girlhood”, Adams and Bettis argue that a feminist poststructuralist reading of cheerleading states cheerleading as a discursive practice that has changed significantly in the past 150 years to accommodate the shifting and often contradictory meanings of normative femininity. Overall they argue that cheerleading is surrounded by gender. A gendered activity reconstructing feminism and what people typically think about women in sports. With cheerleading transitioning into a female dominant activity, it comes with some negative stereotypes. Cheerleading is also described as an erotic icon. This is more towards NFL cheerleaders but it also affects high school and college cheerleaders. “As George Kurman claims, the cheerleader incarnates in a word, a basic male-voyeuristic fantasy.” Cheerleaders are the ultimately a male fantasy and as the authors described it, both virgins and vamps. A virgin being product of the early year cheerleaders and a vamp representing the one that all men want. In the 1940s and 1950s cheerleaders were seen as wholesome, good girls.
Today in the United States, we honor our country for being “the land of the free,” but does everyone in the U.S. feel like they actually live in “the land of the free?” Compared to our past we have improved our prejudice mindset, but not nearly enough. The 19th amendment, allowing women to vote, leads us to believe women are equivalent to men. Students in history classes today, learn about how women gained equal rights as men in the 1920’s, but women are nowhere near close to being considered equivalent to the male gender. Feminist movements have exposed to the country how unfair women and young girls are treated. Sexist dress codes, shaming young girls for our country’s high teen pregnancy rate, sexual harassment, domestic violence are just a few ways how women are treated unjustly in our society.
What if your middle school girl came home from school one day and told you that she had to wear boy’s gym shorts because the yoga pants she was wearing turned boys on. Well, this happened to a 13 year old girl for two days in a row at her school. Most schools in the United States have a dress code policy containing many rules for what kids have to wear. In the United States dress code has a very controversial background with many opinions for and against it.
Any girl who has attended a public high school understands the daily dilemma of dress code. On those scorching hot days as the school year approaches summer, many girls can be found scavenging through their closet for a “school appropriate” outfit or one they won’t melt into a sweaty puddle in. Her dresses will show too much leg, her tops will inappropriately expose her shoulder or collar bone, and her shorts will be too short — at least that 's what the school says. Dress code in modern day high schools should be boycotted because they are a violation to student and parents rights, sexist, out of date, a double standard, and they disrupt a female students education.
In the short story “A War Against Boys?”, Michael Kimmel starts out by introducing Doug Anglin. Anglin is a senior who gets average grades and plays sports. He, however, decides to sue his school district for sex discrimination with the help of his father who is a lawyer. Kimmel states that men naturally rebel against the philosophy that “if you sit down, follow orders, and listen to what they say, you’ll do well and get good grades.” He continues by discussing about feminism within classrooms. Statistics show that girls are continuing to be more competent than boys. Kimmel argues that they “feminize” boys by “forcing active, healthy, and naturally exuberant boys to conform to a regime of obedience.” This is going against their nature, which
In discussing the many facets of masculinity among young men, one key issue has been the correlation it has with several developmental concerns. In Michael Kimmel’s 2008 publication “Bros Before Hos: The Guy Code”, he talks about how men believe manhood is really achieved. More specifically, he talks about “Guy Code”, the universal rulebook that all men must follow if they wish to remain in good standing among their fellow man. These rules are taught as early as their toddler years. According to Kimmel, these seemingly standard ways of thinking could lead to something much worse, and ultimately effect their development. He mentions in his article, “Since stakes are so enormous, young men take huge chances to prove their manhood, exposing
What constitutes “masculinity?” Sadly, the term has been defined so harshly that it is having detrimental effects on our society. The definitions of gender roles bombard us everywhere, from books, to advertisements, to movies, there is seemingly no place one can hide from these absurd standards. Canadian sociologist Aaron H. Devor points out in his article “Becoming Members of Society: Learning the Social Meanings of Gender,” that gender norms are learned early on in life, burdening children with these restrictions (388). This is what makes movies which clearly reject and mock gender roles, such as The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie, so refreshing. This film opens in a dream that SpongeBob is having about being the new manager at his city’s favorite
For Goodness Sex, by Al Vernacchio, is a welcome relief from the two previous books; Girls & Sex and Man Interrupted, as the focus is about sexuality as a whole; gender, sexual orientation, etc., rather than on the culture of females and males. In a chapter titled “Gender Myths,” Vernacchio (2014) asks the question, “male and female, is that all there is” (Vernacchio, A., p. 112, 2014)? In teaching his class on Sexuality and Society, Vernacchio asks these questions and questions similar, demonstrating that he takes into consideration that there are feelings at stake and keeps in mind the human aspect of sex and sexuality as he is intentionally behind challenging students to foresee and develop their sense of values about sex, instead of constantly being “in the moment.”
Summary: I have explained in this presentation the importance of sex education in reducing the rates of unwanted pregnancies among the adolescents. Secondly, sex education has been argued to contribute significantly to the reduction of the spread of HIV and AIDS among the adolescents. The third point that I have presented is that abortion levels have declined as a result of sex education targeting the adolescents in schools. Finally, I have argued that sex education results in fewer teenage pregnancies when compared to settings with no such education.