The world is classified as an unexpected thing. It is, therefore, clear that the universe has an explanation for its existence. The explanation is a transcendent, personal being who is God. According to a philosopher (Kant, 2014), God exists. The reason being existence is not a predicate.
He describes his shock and grief in his famous poem À Villequier. The separation of hugo’s parents Also affected Hugo 's writings for the better. (Barrère, Jean-Bertrand.) Sophie Hugo 's mother separated temporarily from Léopold in 1803 and lived in Paris with her children. She controlled Hugo 's education and childhood.
The Enlightenment was a cultural movement, which occurred during the 18th century, characterised by loss of faith in traditional religion and a turn towards human rights, politics and science. The ideas of the Enlightenment were highly influenced by many French philosophers, such as Voltaire, who highly contributed in displaying his philosophies to the world. François-Marie Arouet, known as Voltaire, considered to be one of the greatest Enlightenment writer, was a French Philosopher and writer born in November 21, 1694 in Paris, son of a minor treasury official. Voltaire received great education being born in a middle class family, and was sent to a Jesuit Collège called Louis-le-Grand from 1704 to 1711. There he began to demonstrate
First off, the AHA states that presenting multiple perspectives on history are parts of the truths of history, therefore according to Kant we have a perfect duty to truth and presenting multiple perspectives. Secondly, the AHA explains the importance of dialogue and respecting opposing viewpoints. Kant argues that we also have a perfect duty to respect other’s freedoms including free speech, consequently we have a perfect duty to dialogue. In conclusion, the
In making the argument for the existence of the Law of Human Nature, C.S. Lewis first establishes the acknowledgement of a few different universal laws that man in subjected to. There is the law of gravity, in which Lewis insinuates that in the eyes of gravity, the body of man and a mere stone are one and the same. Then there are biological laws that correspond with those than an animal has. However, the one law that is specific to man and that man is free to disobey or get “mistaken”, is the “Law of Nature or decent behavior” (Lewis).
Saint Anselm came up with the ontological argument that only a fool would believe that God does not exist. An ontological argument is hand in hand with a Platonic a priori where there is a strong attempt made to prove that God exists by the concept of his existence. Saint Anselm’s argument is that even someone thick minded, or has a low IQ can state that there is a God, and for this to be possible, God must exist. He backs his argument up by comparing what is imagined up in the mind and what is in reality. Reality is existence, and imagining something up is nonexistent.
In his writings, Kant discusses the limits of one’s limits on acquiring knowledge and self-reason. He distinguished between the themes of appearance and reality, which during the Enlightenment period, were very common, yet controversial. One specific idea Kant had was that time and space are just merely appearances- they are independent of any object that any person can relate to. This concept of intangible theories, is referred to as “transcendental idealism.” In the Fourth Paralogism, Kant refutes idealism in his statement: “I understand by the transcendental idealism of all appearances [Erscheinungen] the doctrine that they are all together to be regarded as mere representations and not as things in themselves… and accordingly that space and time are only sensible forms of our intuition…” (qtd from the Guyer & Wood translation, Kant
The Cosmological Argument argues that the universe had to have been created by something greater, and more powerful than itself, such as God. This argument contends that the first cause of anything has no cause itself. The Teleological Argument asserts that the complex design of the world proves an intelligent, powerful creator. The Moral Argument cites God’s existence as the cause of morality. This argument asserts that humans follow moral laws that must have been created by a law giver.
Descartes understands there is an existence of a superior being(God) due to the knowledge humanity has obtained. Indeed, certain ideas created can only be obtained through our mind and not our senses. Therefore, the idea of God, leads Descartes to believe there is a superior being influencing the ways of humanity. Hume on the other hand, relies on empirical evidence of the universe to prove that God exists. The natural Phenomena’s of the universe are clear representations of a superior creator: God.
George Orwell has left a lasting impression on the lives of his audience despite only living for forty-six years. Known for his politically critical novels, Orwell’s material is proven relevant, even today, to explain situations pertaining to society or to government. However, the question of how Orwell understood totalitarianism to the extent that he did remains. On June 25, 1903, this Anglo-French writer, originally named Eric Arthur Blair, was born in Motihari, India, to Richard Blair and Ida Limouzin. At a young age, Orwell was sent to a convent run by French nuns, where his hatred of Catholicism was established.