He also thought that blacks had to show whites how valuable they were and to this end their literature had to be filled only with great African American characters, not simple and truthful black peasants. In his 1901 autobiography, “Up from slavery”, he narrates his personal experiences and the obstacles he overcame in his life going from being a slave to the position of schoolmaster. To some, by explaining how he succeeded in getting an education and learning manners, Washington tried to convince African Americans to conform to the white world; to others, he did exactly what needed to be done: prioritize the necessity of self-help among African Americans. However, his approach was deeply criticized by one of his disciples, W.E.B. Du Bois.
Many of the social changes involved the South because the Union had been fighting for emancipation of slaves, so the social changes weren’t as drastic. Meanwhile, in the ex-confederacy, they were still fighting to keep slavery alive and still viewed blacks as property. Near the end of the Civil War, when it looked like confederates were losing anti-black groups started forming. In fact, in Harper’s Weekly in 1874, an image was featured and it depicted two people, one from the kkk and one from the white league, holding a banner that had black in fear and said worse than slavery. Their audience were those who agreed with emancipation, and more specifically blacks who had just been free.
One example of his work that shows this is the poem, Enslaved. In this piece, McKay talks about how African Americans have been oppressed throughout history and shows the sadness he has for his people, “My heart grows sick with hate, becomes as lead,/ For this my race that has no home on earth(7-8).” He also wants his people to be liberated and be able to live as equals with white people, which they've been denied the right to do. Another poem which shows how the themes of the Harlem Renaissance shaped his writing is If We Must Die. In this piece, McKay talks about how he doesn’t want black people to die in vain like that had been throughout history but rather let them die with honor and dignity because they matter just as much as the white people, or “the murderous, cowardly pack”. In the line, “ If we must die-let it not be like hogs/ Hunted and penned in an inglorious spot,/ While round us bark the mad and hungry dogs,/ Making their mock at our accursed lot./ If we must die-oh, let us nobly die(1-5)”, McKay tells of how he wants his people to die nobly rather than having white
African-American historian W.E.B Dubois illustrated how the Civil War brought the problems of African-American experiences into the spotlight. As a socialist, he argued against the traditional Dunning interpretations and voiced opinions about the failures and benefits of the Civil War era, which he branded as a ‘splendid failure’. The impacts of Civil War era enabled African-Americans to “form their own fraternal organizations, worship in their own churches and embrace the notion of an activist government that promoted and safeguarded the welfare of its citizens.” Thus black people developed a social consensus and reached levels of social integration once hindered by the horrors of slavery. However, in his book Black Reconstruction in America (1935), Dubois observed how racial divisions amongst white and black laborers prevented them uniting against the white property-owning individuals. Ultimately, he argues
From the 1600s, African Americans were treated as slaves for white people. They had a very difficult life in their way of living. In 1861 the north were against having slaves, but the south wanted to allow slavery. Then the Civil War between the North and South began. Finally, the North won, and the slaves became free.
However, they hardly know how each slave felt going through the phase of slavery. Both parts should read the memoir because it presents a story that unravels the bitter truth and the sweet sensation of life in the eyes of this young man. Pro-slavery Americans should be ashamed, and Abolitionists should expand their knowledge based on the history of
He states “The wretchedness of slavery, and the blessedness of freedom.” This shows how he described slavery and freedom. When Douglass escaped from slavery, he felt blessed but while he was still in slavery, he was miserable. In addition, he uses an antithesis example to say “It was life or death with me”. He chooses this example to explain how slavery either made him feel weak or how it made him feel dead. At this point, slavery has broken Douglass and made him feel useless to the
Fredrick Douglass was an African-American social reformer, abolitionist, orator, writer, and statesman who wrote My Bondage and Freedom which expressed his struggles and reflections about slavery. Through his journey, he has experienced the positive and the negative of being an indentured servant. Douglass has interacted with individuals who were much like as well as the people who put him down-slave-owners. The slave owner's lack of restraint and logical reasoning causes them to decline not only in the interactions with non-slave owners and interactions between other slave owners but also in economics and politics. Fredrick Douglas argues and justifies the dehumanization of slaves and explains why
On the other hand, "Uncle Tom's Cain" by Harriet Beecher Stowe exhibits the prejudice in the South during the era of slavery, she illustrates slavery in-depth. In addition, Martin Luther King Jr.’s “I Have a Dream" speech was persisting an end to racial prejudice and discrimination. During Martin Luther King Jr.'s era blacks were free, however the country was segregated, and blacks were still seen as inferior to whites. The Conflict Theorist would indicate that there is a difference in equalities of the racial and ethnic
In 1829 David Walker wrote the Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World. Walker pleas for the immediate abolishment of captivity and the same rights for Black people. This was a ground-breaking thing for a Black man to say openly at that time. It was also very risky. Because of what he was doing, Walker put his life in danger.
After the awareness of the slaves’ capabilities and the living in communities with slaves, white people in the North that still supported slavery changed their stance after seeing first hand that black people, not just the few free blacks, were similar to everyone else. After the Underground Railroad, moral code came into question, and with the Constitution demanding all people be equal, the people in the North could no longer bear to uphold slavery. The Underground Railroad was risky and dangerous, but it furthered racial equality by creating a coalition against slavery and by freeing African
In order to relieve former slaves’ pressure as they transition to freedom, the Freedmen’s Bureau, provided a social uplift for them(408). According to the North Carolina black soldiers, who were very unpleased about them and their families being treated poorly in 1865, decided to write a
When people talk about slavery they more or less tend to label the good ones who were against slavery into the North and then the monsters as being the Southerners. Stowe showed the readers that this isn’t true, and that you can’t just point and blame that easily. Through Tom’s owners, Mr. Shelby and St. Clare, Stowe showed us the reality of kindness that some Southern slave owners possessed. Both of these slave owners believed it wrong to harm their slaves and to treat them with any type of cruelty. St. Clare tended to share his opinions on slavery, and Stowe used this character to show how many Southerners thought slavery to be an act of iniquity, but were too stubborn to try and change the ways of their society.