By doing so, use of crime statistics will become more useful since the underlying causes of crime such as illiteracy, unemployment, and poverty are dealt with. Therefore, crime statistics go along way in giving people and the society a feeling of well-being and serving as a guideline for the creation
Nonetheless it is imperative while examining crime to consider various issues which bring up a few significant issues with respect to the way crime is seen in the society. Investigating inquiries, for example, who makes the tenets of society (laws) and why, is imperative as any response to this inquiry is supported by examination on social power, political power, class distinction and the way crime is socially constructed. Social standards and values fluctuate fundamentally crosswise over diverse societies, religions and social orders. Despite the fact that it can be said that when these social norms are upset, the "breaking" of social "principles" can be unlawful, in which case it turns into a demonstration of crime, it is likewise essential to separate in the middle of crime and deviance which both incorporate the violation of social standards (Akçomak and ter Weel,
Furthermore, it has helped to identify some of the limits of current public criminology conversation and proposes several ideas for committing to a critical approach to change. By carrying out research in dialogue with communities and in publicizing knowledge about crime and punishment, it assesses and rebuilds cultural images of crime, criminals and justice (kane ref. tokenurgio). Undoubtedly, public criminology is a helpful and essential part of criminology which offers invaluable insights to public social sciences (Shantz and Piche,
The second difference is that situational approach focus on opportunity reduction targeting the instance where crime is said to occur at a particular time and space, coming out with intervention to increase the cost of committing crime preventing the potential offender from offending whereas social approach focus on tackling the root causes of crime through social policies and developing programs to prevent the onset of criminal behaviour (Evans, 2010). The third difference is that situational approach focus on victim where it is the victim’s responsibility on both the commission of crime and prevention through target hardening like burglar alarms and surveillance while social focus on the offender through changing the social environments and targeting the motivation of the offender to deter offending (Hughes, 1998, p.20). Thus, from the differences mentioned, the underlying rationale between situational and social approach is that for situational approach, crime is opportunistic and can be prevented through
Two prominent authors are known for their argument of self-control being the primary cause of crime. Gottfredson and Hirschi (1990) assert that self-control is the prominent cause of crime and is also linked to an array of life outcomes and behaviors (see Evans et al. 1997). Their work also suggests that low self-control has societal consequences that shape an individual's ability to succeed in social institutions and to avoid or form social relationships. Like minded criminologists argue that the relationship between crime and social failure is apparent.
The criminal examination process is an intricate part of the legitimate framework that means to assemble prove legally, fairly and as per the privileges of casualties, suspects and society. The criminal examination process embodies the forces of police to confine suspects, grill and to look and seize property, through the suitable utilization of warrants and other lawful means. The criminal examination process likewise involves the privileges of suspects, for example, to safeguard and remand and the privilege to direct amid cross examination. Technology has made a further developed society and economy. We utilise innovation in each part of life today.
Ronald Akers further explains how indirect tests explains the nature between the crime rates and social disorganization. In conclusion, these three characteristics rapid change, competition, and social structure helps explain why poor neighborhoods tend to have a higher level of crime. There is a cycle that leads to a violent community. Rapid change weakens the control of the community and the neighborhood begins to segregate. Once segregated, opportunities decrease leading to people finding others ways to make a profit even though it's illegal.
Introduction In this essay I will be discussing the social phenomenon crime and how it would go about compromising the safety of the immediate society, the way it is caused along with the effects and how it can be prevented. Crime is referred to as one Harmful act or omission against the public which the State wishes to prevent and which, upon conviction, is punishable by fine, imprisonment, and/or death. http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/crime.html#ixzz3F0ASE400 This issue is very important to discuss because it might happen to anyone at any time. Crime is unpredictable and can cause great damage to the society and even dreadful harm to the person who is on the receiving end of this bitter but yet brutal social factor. People get killed and homes get destroyed.
Criticism of Merton’s Strain Theory One critique of the strain theory is how it overemphasis the position of the social class in regards to crime and deviance. As we know, the strain theory applies mainly to the American lower class as they struggle the most. Our lower class are faced with the lack of resources to help them reconcile their goals. However, by looking at the variation of deviant and criminal behavior, the strain theory does not adequately account for any type of crimes besides the normal street or neighborhood crimes. Additionally, crimes that are considered as being white collar, in which they are known in our middle and upper-classes.