Durkheim Division Of Labor Analysis

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In the book The Division of Labor in Society by Durkheim, readers can understand Durkheim’s perspectives on division of labor contrast to Marx’s. In the above passage, the social inequality is the inequality which are embedded in the society as a form of discrimination that is spread and sustained through social institutions. The social inequalities can be extended as justifying why specific individuals are lower social standing or ranks over others. This can effectively determine people’s occupation and social positions. A passage “it is a necessary and sufficient condition for these inequalities neither to be emphasized nor played down through some external cause” describes the external causes as being the societally advantages or disadvantages (p.312). Unlike the social inequality, the natural inequalities are when individuals are naturally superior in unique or special characteristics or skills. These can enable them to rise through the social ranks within their correspondent fields. All these outcomes and characteristics are irrelevant of any unrelated social forces intervention. When the social and natural inequalities align with each other, then the untied or freely moving division of labor can occur accordingly. Unless there are an external obstruction forced by the society, natural inequalities are the only approach that will lead individuals to their unique positions and roles within the division of labor. Durkheim points out one of key points on how division of
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