Durkheim Economic Theory

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Marx, Durkheim and Weber agree that the economy is an important part of social organisation. 1.1 How do they differ in regard to the role that the economy plays in relation to society? According to Marx the society is considered as a result of an economic base and a social superstructure. He went further to say that the economic base determines all other social structures including religion and politics. History of the past rest on the individual who produce their own means of living therefore the resulting means of production determines their way of survival. The social and political structure are derived from the economic means of production. The economic base include the division of labour, division that harbours conflict of interest between…show more content…
The economy has no advantage position in regarding the social structure, but is one social fact among others. Durkheim defines a social fact as an external thing that has intimidating force by which it exercises control over an individual thus this control can be economics, but it can also be philosophical. In fact Durkheim considered religion to be the important factor on the economy as well as law, morality, art, and political forms. Durkheim defined the term anomy as a condition where social norms are confused, unclear, or simply not present, this lack of norms inevitably causes irregular behaviour. Durkheim also argued that anomy could result from a sudden disturbance, crisis or rapid change of social and economic forces. In these conditions society becomes unable to exercise adaptable influence on expectations and behaviour (Scott, J. (2006). Durkheim said that the economic theorist did not speak on what ought to be whether it is better for the state to intervene in industrial and commercial relations or abandon them entirely to private…show more content…
Using the Social Exchange Theory and Lawler’s affect theory as basis of your argument – amongst others – what would you write in your report of not more than ONE page to management? Socialisation of new employees into the organisational culture of the company. Social Exchange theory refers to the exchange of activity, tangible or intangible and more or less rewarding or costly between two people. Lawler’s affect theory indicates that social units which are relations, groups and network are perceived as a source of these feelings, depending on the degree of jointness in the exchange task. Socialization is a means for attaining the attitudes, behaviours and knowledge needed to successfully participate as an organizational member. The communicating between the employees takes a more co-operative approach to developing a productive relationship between the individual and the organization beginning at the time of entry. It is also important for the management to engage or interact with the new employees to hear their feelings and problem towards the organisation. The management can initiate the following in the
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