Durkheim The Father Of Sociology

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Durkheim – he was a sociologist social psychologist and philosopher. He was born on 15 April 1858. He is also known a the father of sociology. He was concerned wih how societies could maintain their integrity in modern era where traditional values could have any value. He helped I the establishment on sociology as a new academic deciplain ,he also wrote about the effect of laws religion education forces on social integration and last with the practical implication of scientific knowledge.
He main themes of work are
He recognized that society exist beyond yourself. Society is more than th individual who compose it.
1. He elaborated society on the basis of scientific way. To be more specific society is made up of "social facts" that exceed out
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In the beginning the contract was between members of family. Then it had only social and no legal bindings. But with the progress of time efforts were made to give these bonds some legal shape and some of the controls began to be exercised. Such control became unavoidable on account of increase in population and the integration of division of labour as an essential element of society. division of labour increases both the productive capacity and skill of the workman; it is the necessary condition for the intellectual and material development in societies. With the growth and development of division of labour the society becomes more efficient which in turn leads to social progress. Progress gives birth to new vocations and inventions conducive for social…show more content…
He was focous on individual and culture he also focus on individual and their action. Methodology Weber was concerned with the question of objectivity and subjectivity.[4] Weber distinguished social action from social behavior, noting that social action must be understood through how individuals subjectively relate to one another. Study of social action through interpretive (Verstehen) must be based upon understanding the subjective meaning and purpose that individuals attach to their actions. Social actions may have easily identifiable and objective means, but much more subjective ends and the understanding of those ends by a scientist is subject to yet another layer of subjective understanding (that of the scientist).He was basically influenced on social research and social theory . his intial theories were on the basis of social action of human in social for which he distributed the social action among four types Zweckrational ,Wertrational,,Affective action ,Traditional
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