The Unforgotten Historiography of the Korean War Isabel Shea By 1950, the Cold War had become pervasive both at home and abroad. In foreign policy terms the United States had proclaimed itself as the only major protection against communist expansion. In 1947 the Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan confirmed the US commitment to keeping Europe free from communism. Then the United States signed the North Atlantic Treaty Organization agreement in April 1949 confirming American willingness to go to war if necessary to protect democracy from communist challenges. The events of 1949, when the Chinese communists emerged victorious from their civil war and the Soviet Union detonated its first atomic bomb, seemed to confirm to the United States
Once they entered they were able to push the Allied forces back completely south of the 38th Parallel, and even past Seoul, Capital of South Korea. This counter-attack from the Chinese lasted until the middle of January of 1951. At this time, UN forces were able to regroup enough to counter the Chinese and push them back to the 38th Parallel by May 1951. From May till July 1953, the battles remained a stalemate between the North and South, as the “Superpowers” America and Russia/China did not execute any maneuvers that could have ultimately lead to a Nuclear War, as this was one of the main reasons for the Cold War, besides the complete isolation or containment of Communism. In all, the Chinese entered the war to keep America from influencing the entire region into rebelling against the rise of Communism, and to establish their new regime as power in the growing world.
Whereas on the foreign front President Truman guided the country through the end of World War II, the starting of the Cold War, and the beginning of the atomic age. When President Truman came into office the war with Europe was almost to its end but the war with Japan seemed to be further away from ending. “With figures for a full-scale invasion of the Japanese home islands mounting and Japanese leaders offering few concrete hints of agreeing to the President 's terms for unconditional surrender, Truman endorsed the use of the bomb against Japan” (millercenter.org/president/truman/foreign-affairs). Truman also had his problems with the Soviet Union as both nations were looking to the international post-war order in line with their own interests. To protect the country and the world from the Soviet Union, United States executed a containment policy that was first administered to Western Europe that in due course included Asia as well.
Now, for the Allies, the Korean War was an offensive one: It was a war to “liberate” the South from the communists. Initially, the new strategy was a success. An attack at Inchon pushed the North Koreans out of Seoul and back to their side of the 38th parallel. But as American troops crossed the boundary and headed north toward the Yalu River, the border between North Korea and Communist China, the Chinese started to worry about protecting themselves. China sent troops to North Korea and warned the U.S. to keep away from the Yalu boundary unless it wanted full-scale war.
The Korean War Chart Somebody ... Wanted ... But ... So ... North Korea Wanted to make sure the Korean peninsula into a Communist nation United states and nation Stopped them The Chinese joined the war on the Korean side and pushed the united states and nation back to the 38th parallel line General MacArthur To win china over before they became communist with the soviet union Wasn’t allowed to be a general anymore and he was ordered to stay the 20 mile mark We stayed away from china for the most part and failed to get them to become democracy President Truman To stop soviet expansion , the war, and the spread of communsim Americans didn’t want to go to war The war ended in a statement China To stay in the “safe zone” that way there were no interruptions in their reconstruction They feared that the united states would break into china if the us and south Korean were allowed into war China planned a surprise attack and defeated American troops
On the 25 June 1950 resolution, with the absence of USSR, it was claimed that North Korea had threatened the world peace by sending troops to South Korea and called upon withdrawing to the 38th Parallel. With that the war officially begun.
The Nationalists led by Chiang Kai-shek and Communists led by Mao Zedong both aspired to central authority. A renewal of the Chinese civil war followed. Washington sought to apply its standard solution to such civil conflict, but had failed through time (Kissinger 89). In 1949, defeated by the Communists on the mainland, Nationalists troops fall back to the island Taiwan. Through the Chinese Civil war, the United States had been supporting Chiang by transporting the Nationalists troops to northern Chinese cities to preempt the Communist armies from taking the victory of Japanese surrender in World War II (Kissinger 98).
This invasion was the first military action of the Cold War. In July, American troops had entered the war on South Korea’s side. Americans believed this was a war against communism as a whole, not just North Korea. After some early fighting across the 38th parallel, the death toll soared with nothing to show for them. Meanwhile, Americans tried to find a way to peacefully end this conflict.
It was taken for a third time in November 1950. 50 percent believed they were in World War III and 30 percent believed the fighting would stop. Another poll was conducted in August 1950 asking, “Do you think the United States made a mistake in going into the war in Korea, or not?” 65 percent said it was not a mistake and 20 percent said it was. President Truman had good intentions when he attempted to limit information leaving the White House for fear of starting a war hysteria, but it ended up backfiring in many instances rather again. The public was more supportive of the war in the long term.
Richard Nixon was elected in 1968 largely because he promised to end the war and achieve "peace with honor." To do this, he announced that he would "Vietnamize" the war. This meant that the responsibility for the fighting would be shifted to the South Vietnamese so that U.S. forces could be disengaged. While this was being done, the fighting raged unabated. Neither massive bombing of both South Vietnam and North Vietnam nor the expansion of the war into Cambodia and Laos brought the war any closer to an