Dylan Thomas Poem

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Dylan Thomas is one of the most influential poets of the twentieth century. His works strike us not only through their surrealistic language, but also through their lyricism. They are powerful because of the meaning of the words, but also with their incredible musicality and this is what I will discuss in this essay by examining the poem “Do not go gentle into that good night”. How this musicality does affect the whole poem? To do it, I will research the structure of the villanelle, the poetic language used, the connection between Dylan Thomas and the predecessors of the surrealistic movement – Verlaine and Rimbaud, the ways and means used in the poem which create melody. “Do not go gentle into that good night” is written in the villanelle form which was first created in the Renaissance in Italy for the construction of balladic songs although it was forgotten for about three centuries but revived in Dylan Thomas’s poem. It has a very specific structure: nineteen lines divided into five triplets and a quatrain in the end. The lines repeat themselves in a precise order and therefore creating a rhythm which is one of the main components in music. In the villanelle the masculine rhyme and the repetition of the lines becomes “almost hypnotic”. The fact that Thomas’s poem is written in the villanelle form using a monosyllabic rhyme adds to the power of the words, making the poem even more emotional. The acceptation of words is strong enough on its own but combined with the
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