Health Care Law: Tort Case Study Carolann Stanek University of Mary Health Care Law: Tort Case Study A sample case study reviewed substandard care that was delivered to Ms. Gardner after having sustained an accident and brought to Bay Hospital for treatment. Dr. Dick, a second-year pediatric resident, was on that day in the ED and provided care for Ms. Gadner. Dr. Moon, is the chief of staff and oversees the credentialing of all physicians at Bay Hospital. Multiple nurses were involved in the care of Ms. Gadner.
It can also cause pain and discomfort in the shoulders, arms, neck, jaw, or the back. Usually angina is caused by coronary heart disease (CHD). Depending on the type of angina one has, knowing the many factors that can trigger an angina attack is very important. There are four different types of angina pectoris: Stable Angina Unstable Angina Variant (Prinzmetal) Angina Microvascular (MVD) Angina Stable angina is chest pain in medical terms. This type of chest pain occurs when one or more of the coronary arteries are either blocked or narrowed.
Rheumatic Heart Disease 5. Congestive Cardiac Failure Keywords: Congenital, heart disease, cyanosis, oxygenated blood, deoxygenated blood, structural defects, systemic circulation, pulmonary circulation, Mottling, Pallor, Pulmonary Rales 1. CYANOTIC CONGENITAL HEART DISEASES (CCHD) CCHD is a group of congenital heart diseases that occur due to deoxygenated blood bypassing the lungs and entering the systemic circulation or a mixture of oxygenated and deoxygenated blood entering systemic circulation which is caused by structural defects of the heart or any condition which increases pulmonary vascular
Accumulation in the alveoli of excessive fluid, protein and inflammatory cells that have move into the air spaces from the alveolar capillaries. Intrapulmonary shunt develop and blood passing cannot be oxygenated. Alveolar type I and type II cells are spoiled causing surfactant dysfunction. Alveoli become unstable and collapse and fibrotic changes take place. Hyaline membranes help to the development of fibrosis and atelectasis (collapse) essential to decrease in gas exchange capability and lung dysfunction.
Patient case study 11 The first clinical subjective symptoms that support the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes would be that the patient recent onset fatigue. High blood glucose makes your blood “sludgy,” reducing circulation so cells can’t get the oxygen and nutrients they require. It can also cause fatigue through inflammation. Blood vessels get swollen by the sugar. When this happens, according to new research, immune cells called monocytes come into the brain, triggering fatigue.
Continuous relationships with the care team, individualising of care and providing care that anticipates the patient’s needs all achieve best care delivery. (Wagner et al 2001). However the course of any chronic disease is determined by personal attributes, social influences and the professional treatment delivered. Yet, nurses and healthcare professional can try to maintain steady control of any chronic disease by accurate management. The TM model can be used along with other nursing models of care for effective
A pneumothorax can be caused by physical trauma to the chest wall or as a complication of a healthcare intervention which is referred to as traumatic pneumothorax. In a minority of cases the amount of air in the chest increases markedly when a one-way valve is formed by an area of damaged tissue, leading to a tension pneumothorax which leads to steadily worsening oxygen shortage and low blood pressure. Unless reversed by effective treatment, it can result in death. Diagnosis of a pneumothorax by physical examination alone can be difficult. Integrated diagnostic modalities can be used for the better detection such as chest X-ray,
Ischemic stroke is more common type of stroke, occurs around 80% of all strokes (Feigin et al., 2003), of which 60% are involved with large-artery ischemia. Following ischemia there is a local reduction in oxygen supply or nutrients, results in failure of energy production such as adenine triphosphate (ATP). This harmfully influences the tissue cell survival, and leads to cellular damage and death. The amount of cellular injury depends upon extend of illness, severity, and area involved (Deb P,
In healthcare institutions, nurses are the backbone of every healthcare and always the first contact patients meet on the arrival into the hospital. The nurses’ ability to communicate effectively with patients influence patients’ care and their belief about care. Through effective communication, nurses help patients to know and understand their health problems and give them guide on how to care for themselves. Effective nurse-patient communication requires listening and honesty. This will enable patients to talk about health issues including emotional, social, mental problems that disturb them.
Introduction In the nursing field it is essential to provide excellent patient care to promote the wellbeing of all patients. One of the most essential times for nurses to collaborate and work as a team is during report between shifts. It is of upmost importance that each nurse gives a thorough report to the next shift so that they are aware of all issues each patient is having and they can work as a team collaborating proper care to promote patient wellbeing. Optimal communication in the health care environment is defined as an information-sharing experience in which all team members generate input using a variety of methods, including verbal, nonverbal, and written forms. According to the American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN),
1) In mitral stenosis a diastolic murmur is present due to stenosis, or narrowing of the valve. The murmur is heard when the mitral valve fails to open appropriately in diastole. The leaflets of the valve are usually thicker, stiffer, and become misshapen from the effects of rheumatic fever or a congenital defect (Porth, 2011). The crackles in her lungs are likely due to left sided heart failure leading to pulmonary hypertension. This causes elevated pulmonary capillary pressure which pushes fluid into the interstitial spaces and alveoli (Bickley & Szilagyi, 2013) 2) Dizziness is a concerning symptom as it may mean her pulmonary hypertension is worsening.
131). The next type of ischemic stroke, which is thrombolytic, occurs when “a blood clot forms in one of the arteries supplying the brain, causing vascular obstruction at the point of its formation” (Atchison & Dirette, 2012, p. 130). Blood vessels that have been damaged by atherosclerosis, which is a disease involving the walls of a blood vessel, run a higher risk of thrombosis occurring (Atchison & Dirette, 2012, p. 130). The final type of of ischemic stroke is a lacunar stroke. A lacunar stroke are “small infracts, usually lying in the deep brain structures, such as the basal ganglia, thalamus, pons, internal capsule, and deep white matter” (Atchison & Dirette, 2012, p. 130).
Introduction to Atrial Fibrillation The most prevalent clinical arrhythmia is atrial fibrillation, which can be defined as irregular heart beats caused by uncoordinated activation of the atria. Atria are the two upper chambers of the heart. During atrial fibrillation, the cardiac muscles that make up the walls of these atrial chambers, receive disorganized activation signals. This causes them to fibrillate, which means rapid and irregular contractions. This results in inefficient pumping of blood from the atria into the ventricles, the lower two chambers.
sudden cardiac arrest is when the heart suddenly stops beating. Blodd stops flowing to the brain and other organs. Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) causes death if not treated in minutes. The most common cause is an arythmia which is when rapid pulses causes your ventricles to quiver instead of pumping blood. Usually a life threatning arythima develops in a Person with a pre-existing heart condition such as: coronary artery disease, heart attack, or electrical problems in the heart.
therefore, improve quality of life. This is due in part to Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, personal variables and interaction of internal and external variables that impact communication with patients. (www.nursingworld.org/Vol-19-2014/No.3-Sept.) Every nurse can employ to advocate for nursing as part as their daily activities must be point of care, nurse manager, or nurse educator. (www.nursingworld.org/Vol-17-2012/No.1-Jan.) There is one common voice among nurses, if they accept to join. The American Nurses Association (ANA) is a professional organization that advocates and protects the profession of nurses.