The biggest difference between the books are the endings and how the government regulates the ideas and thoughts of their people. In both novels the stories take place in a dystopian society, shorty after a nuclear fallout/war. Quite the opposite of a utopia, this is a society based on the future that is frightening and unpleasant for the people living in it. The government has total control of the people, dictating what is allowed and what is not. There is total social control in both novels by the government controlling what is on the television by brainwashing and dumbing down their citizens.
Here all individuality is destroyed and the party rules over the society. One of the major themes that Orwell attempts to emphasize is the use of totalitarianism or a dictatorial rule. George Orwell wrote this with the intent of showing that the society in which we live could possibly end up becoming reality. The Party’s role in the story is to force people to do certain things or put laws in place, which ultimately reveals the true nature
Rand expresses her philosophy through the creation of her ideal character, Equality 7-2521, with her same moral values who struggles finding himself as an individual in a collectivist society within the science fiction novel Anthem. He rebels society’s rules in order to achieve his greatest desire: knowledge. Although his choices go against all morals he has been
Imagine if the government had the power to monitor everyone through any mobile device, just imagine. Trying to get away with something you did bad would be almost impossible. This is almost similar to how the people in the society of the book 1984 would live. They lived under a totalitarian government and would use advanced technology like telescreens to watch over everyone even inside their own homes. George Orwell is a man that visualized a society where the government controlled everything and everyone from the language to what we are allowed to be accountable of.
He asserts that as a whole, the colonies have the ability to succeed without attachment to Britain, and this is the time to fight the royal force. Paine’s argument perfectly captures the betrayal felt amongst the colonists and appeals to his audience. To reinforce his reasoning on separation, Paine uses various analogies and examples to exaggerate his comparisons. For example, in the opening line of the pamphlet, Paine declares “Society is produced by our wants, and government by our wickedness” (47, Larkin). He distinctly outlines the purpose of government to protect the people and uses an example of individuals settling on land unconnected from the rest of the world.
He expands his purpose by showing an example of human nature and that humans do not like the unknown, even if the unknown may be somewhat positive or beneficial. In line seventeen, Jefferson claims that the objects of a government have the right to revolt if they sense their rights are in danger and select new figures. This appeals to logos because he exemplifying that the governed are the ones in power by revolting against the government. Overall, Jefferson makes a good argument as to why Great Britain should relinquish control of America. He gives insight of the unpredictability and instability of human nature and delivers the offences Great Britain has committed.
Huxley’s main argument in Brave New World is if the human race continues to allow science, technology, and material objects control our lives, society will lose a reasonable and moral lifestyle. Huxley’s argument is well-presented because Huxley executes the creation of a dystopian world in which tyrannical leaders are able to control the consumption, emotions, and fears of the entire population through the use of technology. In the novel World State uses technology to make citizens simple-minded and controls every aspect of their lives. To readers the practices of World State might be unjust but many aspects of the novel relate to the real world. In order to address the increasing dependence on technology, Huxley incorporates satirical elements in Brave New World.
Bertrand Russell, a British philosopher, says "Religion is based primarily and mainly upon fear... Fear is the basis of the whole thing – fear of the mysterious, fear of defeat, fear of death"(Carlisle). Thus, when everything is controlled by religion in the society it would also mean it is controlled by fear. Religion creates an excuse for anything they do and fear of going against what religion is telling people to do makes them very easy to manipulate. Gilead is proof that how people change the religion, Bible in this case, in order for it to fit their narrative and use it to oppress others.
Ideological state apparatus In the words of Louis Althusser and his neo-Marxist notion of “the state”(Connors, 101) exerting power through an authoritarian mechanism, whether it is the media, school or in this case, the superstructure of the Catholic Church, shapes our statures as subjects, from social and culture structures of subjected ideology. In Araby, Joyce immediately pivots the reader’s attention to the protagonists’ freedom from the “Christian Brother’s School”. Not only does this highlight the pervasive power of religion, supporting Althusser’s suggestion of religion as a “repressive state of power” with educational functions (Althusser, 143), but also makes us envisage a lower, middle class neighborhood in which the boy dwells in; evidence of Marx’s culture of a state of dominance and subordination of specific classes. What’s more on the educational apparatus, apparent in capitalist states, of this ideology is that discipline and control taught by the church deeply
In this autobiography, Benjamin Franklin establishes what it is to be a hardworking man, as well as brings his thoughts about Deism to light. Franklin creates the aphorism "God helps those who help themselves," to illustrate the need for self-help within the colonies. This alone is one of the leading factors-- if not the leading -- that drove the colonists to fight for independence. Colonists were wanting separation from Great Britain long before Thomas Paine and Common Sense; they were just too afraid to express their feelings until he distributed it. However, by that time, the colonies were already headed into the Revolutionary War to fight for their independence.