However, other authors envisioned a bleak dystopian world in which mankind has lost many important objects, and sometimes intangible values as well. Three examples of dystopian fiction are Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World and George Orwell’s two novels, Animal Farm and 1984. Through these and other novels, science fiction authors have elevated the genre from popular fiction to serious literature. These authors fundamentally changed how people today judge science fiction literature. Ray Bradbury has continued to elevate the genre as an American science fiction writer.
“Nightfall” by Isaac Asimov started his story with Robert Emerson quote: “If the stars should appear one night in a thousand years, how men would believe and adore; and preserve for many generations the remembrance of the city of God?” (113, Asimov).This quotation by Emerson, is the preface of the story where Asimov tries to test the statement made by Emerson. In Asimov’s universe, the stars are not the city of God, but natural phenomena to be explained scientifically. Also, this scientific knowledge is to be used to help humankind. However, on the contrast there are the Cultists in Lagash, who oppose scientific knowledge, even when it validates their beliefs, because it destroys the need for faith. For this reason, as the story progresses, the conflict between science and faith evolves through the characters in order to demonstrate the reoccurring themes: darkness and lightness, and deprivation and need.
In other words, the laws and theories utilized in this genre are not completely believable, since they are part true, and part fictitious. “Science fiction texts are often set in the future, in space, on a different world, or in a different universe or dimension” (Book Builder). This is the key part in Science Fiction, typically known as Sci-Fi. “I tried keeping a diary once. Not chronological, of course.
The Stranger by Camus was a portrayal of Camus’s absurd world view. Camus’s absurd philosophy signify that there is no such thing as moral orders and natural basis(. In 1942, the same date that The Stranger was published, and he also published The Myth of Sisyphus which established Camus’s reputation as important literary figure(Gillis and Ward 3-4). Throughout his career, he also wrote more plays, essays, and novels. In The Stranger, Camus reveals the evidence that supports the “absurdity” in his philosophy.
Real-life books, mystics, writers and groups related to occultism and the esoteric were mentioned and made as a part of the story. In whole, the novel has been written with a specific audience in mind. Literary critics have described this novel as "Dan Brown for the thinking man". If Dan brown 's "The Da Vinci Code" is a Hollywood blockbuster, then Umberto Eco 's "Foucault 's Pendulum" is an art house indie film. There are a lot of occult information, and names related to occult, that anyone who has no in depth knowledge, or at least, an encyclopedia with them, will immediately get lost about the connections between events, details and quotations mentioned in the novel.
ABSTRACT: Kurt Vonnegut is arguably the finest black humourist and postmodern writer of contemporary times. Vonnegut primarily used the genre of science fiction, nevertheless his works portray the gravity of contemporary issues and have close parallels with the current socio-economic and political milieu of America. Vonnegut wrote fourteen novels, three short story collections, five plays and five works of non-fiction. Although he primarily received acclaim for his novels, yet most of his short stories are written in the same strain. Two short stories: “Harrison Bergeron” and “2 B R 0 2 B” will be analyzed in this paper.
Dantès is shown to create his identities, not due to the growth of science, but in order to become part of the development of culture in France after the events of the Revolutionary Wars. Creators are shown to have brought their creations into existence due to these progressions of science and culture, which displays the construction of new identities as an almost inevitable occurrence in society. The exploration of self, mankind’s need to feel in control, and desire for justice are displayed as natural urges and therefore the events in the novels are shown to be, albeit exaggerated, universal truths. ‘Frankenstein’ for instance, quickly became a myth as it drew on the tale of Prometheus, whilst ‘Jekyll and Hyde’ helped fuel theories about Jack the Ripper. Dantès in ‘Monte Cristo’ represents humankind as a whole as his desire for revenge is displayed as something held by all humans in their psyche.
In Foe, as in Robinson Crusoe, we encounter a first person narrative. In both books, the voice that we read is the voice of the main character. This is really important for the study of truth because it involves more than just a narrative: “the way in which a story is told affects our understanding of what that story is; the rhetorical features of historical narration restrict some interpretations of the narrated events and enable others. As Dorrit Cohn reminds us, however, historical narratives are “subject to judgments of truth and falsity,” while fictional narratives are “immune to such judgments” The use of a first person narrative is often used in science-fictions, fantastic and fantasy and also heroic novels. This technique is employed when the reader can doubt the narrator’s integrity.
Science fiction is a type of fiction which is totally tells about science and technology in the future. It is important to noting that science fiction has strong link with the ideas of science. The story which is tells about science fiction some of them are true but some other are not true or may be the theories of science. It should not be totally unbelievable, because it then project in to the genre fantasy. The plot creates different situations from those of both the present day and the known past .science fiction book or texts include a part of human, it tells what effect new discoveries, happenings what they need to do on future.
Aldous Huxley, author of Brave New World, predicted a variety of aspects of our new futuristic society. He envisioned a society completely altered from the one he lived in, whether that be from psychological conditioning in humans, sex becoming meaningless, or the overuse of synthetic narcotics. The predictions that Huxley made in Brave New World about our new society’s psychological ways of thinking is accurate. Firstly, the humans in Huxley’s book were completely conditioned by altering their thought process. The very first page of the book includes a quote exclaiming the idea behind Brave New World, “A Squat grey building of only thirty four stories.