In many novels such as 1984 by George Orwell, they use the ideas of an almost perfect or a non-perfect world or society. Orwell portrays two types of utopias in his novel, 1984 but they can be seen as both depending on what aspect the reader is looking at. A utopian society is an imagined place or state in which everything appears perfect to a certain point. A dystopian society is a conceived place or state in which everything is unpleasant or bad, typically a totalitarian or environmentally degrading society. Orwell uses Winston Smith to project the utopian society he has made by showing how it affects the people.
“The Manifesto of Big Brother” will serve as a guideline for the citizens of Oceania before Goldstein was labelled a traitor and was an ally of Big Brother. That said, Big Brother will take on the role of Karl Marx, whereas Emmanuel Goldstein will take on the role of Friedrich Engels. I feel that writing this manifesto allowed me to look critically at the words of Karl Marx and Big Brother. As I applied the rhetorical devices, I saw how 1984 serves as a perfect analogy of the Communist Manifesto. In my manifesto you will notice evidence of pathos in the opening paragraphs as I appeal to the audience’s sense of emotion by commending on the success of the party.
1984 is a novel that shows the severity of totalitarian and communist rule by showing what London would be like in the future if it were under totalitarian rule. The novel shows the life of a low ranking member of the society, Winston Smith. Everywhere that Winston goes, he is watched by the government and forced to look at propaganda showing the government is watching him. The government, Big Brother, even watches Winston and others in their own homes. At the start of the novel, Winston feels frustrated by the oppressive rule of Big Brother which even prohibits free thought and expression of individuality.
The years of intellectual toil come to fruition at Equality’s rediscovery of the lightbulb, marking a technological watershed in a society where technology is limited to candles and glass windowpanes. It is by virtue of his indomitable freedom of thought that Equality is able to retain his unflagging curiosity and make strides in his quest for knowledge. Society’s condemnation of independent thinking is not the only chain that shackles the mind and inhibits scientific progress—so is the individual’s will. Despite the Councils’ powerful thought control, citizens are never forced into subservience. They are not deprived, blackmailed, or drugged.
“Sixty years after the publication of Nineteen Eighty-Four, it is hard to think of any major institution not open to the epithet “Orwellian”. From Channel 4’s barely ironic Big Brother to the ever-increasing surveillance measures of a paranoid and cloyingly invasive state, Orwell anticipated a peculiarly British nightmare,” (Power, Nina). In George Orwell's 1984, there are many ideologies and cultural norms that people in the book see as perfectly normal and readers took notice. Those who read it, started seeing that the things in the book were like how things that were around them. In this way, 1984 has caused a cultural influence on its readers and the world around them.
In 1949 George Orwell wrote “1984” to epitomize the haunting life under a Dystopia created and maintained by a totalitarian regime. The novel used themes from life in the Soviet Union under Joseph Stalin as well as wartime in his own country of the United Kingdom. Orwell believed that democracy as it existed before 1939 would not survive the war and would be replaced by Fascist coup d’état or, and more likely, a socialist revolution with Stalinist overtones – admitting later that events had proved him wrong. In 1993, Lois Lowry wrote “The Giver” to expose the fallacy of a Utopian society where inhabitants, although well fed, healthy and seemingly happy, lack the basic freedoms and pleasures that our own society values. The novel was written in an era when political correctness ruled public consciousness with a tendency to ignore significant differences between individuals and diversity so as to avoid appearing prejudiced or discriminatory.
In the book 1984, the villainous qualities of the Party create the biggest impact on the story by causing hatred, converting minds, and creating a new Winston. The Party’s approach to life has not always been for everyone, including Winston who frequently gets angry at their actions. In the beginning of the book, Winston says he was writing, “as though by automatic action… DOWN WITH BIG BROTHER” (1.1.18). His thoughts and actions toward Big Brother and the Party have become so strong that he is involuntarily writing words against them. Winston also resents the rule that there can be no love in Oceania, and leaps at the chance to break it.
Clarisse gave Montag a newfound desire to change society’s way of thinking for the better, and eventually the curiosity spreads to Montag and he begins to steal books. Similarly,the main character of 1984, Winston Smith, wrestles with oppression in Oceania, a place where the Party examines all humans actions with the ever-watchful Big Brother. The Party and the Big Brother forbid individuality and thought crime is severely punished. However, Winston dares to express his thought in a diary and pursues a relationship with a curious young lady that loves breaking the rules and living and
Over time, a romantic relationship started to develop, not solely based on physical and sexual attraction, but also as a result of their similar views centered around their hatred of the Party. Although both characters complement each other in terms of their views of Big Brother as Party members, their values and approaches to this issue fundamentally conflict in terms of morality and ethics, history, and politics. With regards to morality and ethics, Winston and Julia’s judgment and beliefs greatly differ. Winston, characterized as an idealist, deeply suffers from the existent totalitarian authorities and their full control of everything. The extent of his hatred of the Party becomes apparent when he first makes love to Julia, as he considered it a “political act” against them rather than an act of love.
Everyone's life was closely watched to avoid having them make errors. Errors in the community meant that they were not as perfect as they thought and they could not afford for someone to figure out this was so. One of the main things that founders built our society on was freedom, this includes the freedom of speech, the press, religion, and the right to petition the government along with having the freedom to peacefully assemble. These freedoms were definitely not found in The Giver´s book of rules but, they did have the freedom to pick where they did their volunteer