4.1.3 Collaboration Collaboration and public involvement evolved over time especially in recent years due to rapid development of internet technologies and has become an important enabeler of the Open Governement paradigme . Collaborative partnering and public involvement allows the government to expand the expertise and increases the public support on decisions. Collaboration improves the effectiveness of Government by encouraging partnerships and cooperation between the Government and citizens, Government and private institutions and within the Government itself. 4.2 Open Government organizational structure 4.2.1 Open Government Services One of the primary purposes of government is to provide services to meet the needs of its citizens, as well as to provide value to the citizens . The success of Open (e)Government lies in enabling Public Services to become available all the time and to deliver these with a positive impact on the lives of their users.
A broader concept refers to it as the use and application of ICT in public administration to streamline and integrate workflows and processes, to effectively manage data and information, enhance public service delivery, as well as expand communication channels for the engagement and empowerment of the citizens (United Nations, 2014) B. Current Condition of Indonesia E-Government and Digital Government Like many other countries, Indonesian Government has also recognized the importance of establishing e-Government.
E-government also can be defined as the use of internet technology and rules of conduct to transform to transform the effectiveness, efficiency and service quality. Technically e-government first step is usually involve several type of electronic and information system including multimedia, automation, tracking, tracing and personal identification technologies depending on nation. E-government can reach the local government, state or provincial government and also the national government with the level having isolate or interconnected e-government sites. Goals of e-government websites is as a diverse as the government that are creating them. Besides that, if E-government execute properly it can improve current government, increase accountability and the result be more accurate and efficient delivery of service.
Business organizations are increasingly focusing on e-marketing as the basis of their operations. This decision is attributed to the high number of individuals with access to the Internet connection and the emergence of mobile devices to complete monetary transactions. In fact, companies develop online retail platforms depending on their products’ nature and target customers. In most instances, corporations have contacts on web homepages to initiate conversations with their client bases (Constantinides). As the example of Apple shows, the effectiveness of e-marketing techniques improves business entities’ performance since they create new revolutionary platforms for such firms to interact with their customers.
An advertisement that usually seen on the internet are also considered as digital advertising (Sugget, 2015). It is the main source of revenue for the internet as it entertains consumers to utilize their marketing products. More marketers tend to make innovations in advertising. From interactive advertising to digital adverting, economist find more efficiency and effectiveness through digital advertising. Because of innovation of technology, people were to get involved to the changes in modernization.
The community approach This understanding has gained a great significance nowadays with the internet revolution and intends to make the customers feel part of a brant community. The cultural approach It further elaborates on the relevance of macro factors and assumes that leveraging cultural forces can facilitate the process of building an iconic
Hall (2000) argued that today's organisations face pressure to enhance sustainable behaviour from several sources, including regulations, consumers, etc. As noted also by Dey and Cheffi (2012), the pressure from various stakeholders to commit to sustainable practices and performance management results in the rapid increase of the interest in sustainable supply chains and their management on the part of government regulators, NGOs, academics and industrial players. Measurement has been recognized as a crucial element to improve business performance (Sharma et al. 2005). Consequently, there has been a vast of existing literature on designing and implementing performance measurement as well as developing performance measures in supply chains for sustainability (e.g.
Using a common set of protocols andtechnical infrastructure, it is a global collection of networks, connected to share information. Also, as a vast network of people and information, the Internet is an enabler for ecommerce as it allows businesses to showcase and sell their products and services online and gives potential customers, prospects, and business partners access to information about these businesses and their products and services that would lead to purchase. With the Internet, e-commerce spread rapidly because of the lower costs involved and because the Internet is based on open
(2009) have highlighted the importance of culture for IT/IS adoption in organizations. Sabri et al. (2012) also emphasized the importance of culture for the acceptance and use the new technologies. The governments which could get succeed by implementing e-government project give lessons to other countries to use their own e-governmental models which address their own issues related to political, technical and cultural (Victor & Moody, 2004). They also raised the importance of culture for
4 Positive aspects of the use of technology in Ericsson: Communication technology has played a vital role in revolutionizing the communication process. Electronic communication, like text messages, email, and social networking websites, has enabled the organization to become more connected. Technology contribute positively in following core communication aspects; 4.1 Development of successful communication strategies: As human communication occurs at various levels so technology facilitates in addressing complex process of communication at intrapersonal level, interpersonal level and organizational level including the mass audience. 4.2 Privacy and workplace monitoring: It helps in creating security of information, the productivity of employees and legal protection through strong documented evidence to the organization. 4.3 The Internet and beneficial online behavior: It gives employees access to the global information and strategic analytical activities.