E. H. Carr's The Twenty Years Crisis

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The Twenty Years’ Crisis 1919-1939: An Introduction to the study of International Relations, the book for which E.H. Carr is perhaps most remembered was written just prior to the outbreak of World War Two (WWII). This particular work of Carr’s is primarily a study of the fundamentals of International Relations, which is exemplified especially by the events of the two decades before 1939, the year the book was published. In the Twenty Years Crisis, E.H. Carr explores the interplay of the worldview between Utopians and Realists. Carr’s work examines why the League of Nations and the peace as implemented by the Treaty of Versailles failed, ultimately resulting in WWII. Broken into two sections, the book’s first is of a theoretical approach and the second analyses instances of political structures, treaties, and international relations that support his theoretical assertions’. Carr, as is evident early on in the book, is highly critical of the idealist approach in world politics, referring to it as utopianism, labelling those with “the inclination to ignore what was and what is in contemplation of what should be” as utopians. Carr’s disdain for Utopianism and advocacy for Realism is a common thread throughout the book as it’s believed Carr’s original motivation in writing it was to debunk the pretentions of Liberalism not to become a pivotal work in the establishment of IR as an academic discipline, however he achieved both. The strong views which Carr demonstrates with

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