But the Buddha welcomes his rival and addresses him as “friend.” The story goes on to have Mara propose to the Buddha — over tea of course — that they switch roles, since being Mara is apparently hard work. The Buddha points out, though, that being a Buddha is hard work too. Nothing about this story is familiar to me.
In doing so, the Japanese willingly chose to suppress their cultural identities. Some hid their Japanese culture from sight by “fold[ing] up [their] kimonos and put[ting] them away in [their] trunks and did not take them out again for years” (Otsuka, 2001, p. 54), or by ‘putting their Buddha statues in the attic’, as the title of the novel suggests. Of course, not all Japanese picture brides wanted to assimilate and held on strongly to their Japanese culture in little ways. Many women found comfort in J-Towns which
He also argued that women seemed to have less potential than men solely because they were never allowed to try and reach their full potential (“The Subjection”). People began to think of women’s rights in a different way after realizing that female subjection was hindering human development and
One major issue in the Sangha that has been around since the time of the historical Buddha is the theme of gender in Buddhism. The Buddha actually seems to be sexist towards women because when asked about including them in the practice of the Dharma he is very hesitant in even allowing nuns and creates a separate list of eight rules that nuns must follow.
This quote suggests that the Wife of Bath believes all women are incapable of keeping a secret, which is an untrue and harmful stereotype. Her main opinion on women seems to be that while they wish to appear wise, pure, and good on the outside, it does not mean they are perfect internally and many
In China women could not remarry if their husbands died which granted widows miniscule freedom. In India on the other hand women could only seek freedom through religious refuge by becoming buddhist nuns. As nuns Indian women were able to write while in monastery. In reference to Ban Zhao and the Bhikkhunis, writing was often used as an outlet or form of expression which can be seen as challenging the societal elements of patriarchy. In this example writing challenged the elements against women of the time due to the fact that in most societies learning as well as anything related to academics was not socially accepted for women.
Unimportant or Powerful In a book about the Rights of Women, Mary Wollstonecraft stated, “I do not wish [women] to have power over men; but over themselves” (GoodReads). Women may often get overlooked or be seen irrelevant, but in reality, women do have power. They may not have the power over men, or over other people, but in The Epic of Gilgamesh, the readers see examples of how women obtain their own power. Gilgamesh, the main character of the epic, is two-thirds divine.
Because of sexist opinions of the time, many people believed that a woman had no power to create change, especially in government since she could not vote. Women themselves believed this societal expectation, and although Grimke does not reject society’s idea of femininity and womanhood entirely, she specifically rejects their supposed political incompetence in a rebuttal. Using evidence from general and specific political movements in England, all of which were greatly aided by the support of women petitioning the government, Grimke assured her audience that “When the women of these States send up to Congress such a petition our legislators will arise, as did those of England, and say: ‘When all the maids and matrons of the land are knocking at our doors we must legislate.’” (Grimke, 192) This summary of her somewhat vague past points is similarly nonspecific; however, this is still effective since simply alluding to historical events rather than explaining them was sufficient for an audience that knew more about England and its history than contemporary Americans do today.
Thus, she is actively wondering what Buddha would do in a situation like this: “Did the Buddha himself in all his compassion ever preach that one should simply ignore those who slander the Three Treasures?” (451). Moreover, she is afraid that she will not be able to receive salvation since she also has done bad things herself: “How in the sullied world of ours can those who are hard done by be expected to reciprocate in kind?” (451). She who lives in “the sullied world,” is also
Women had to be religious because it was one of the first things that men looked for in a woman. Women needed religion because it did not take them away from the separate sphere. Purity was important because a woman was not considered a woman at all if she was not pure. They called women who lost their purity fallen angels. There were magazines for women that showed them how they should act and look in order to be a true woman.
Lastly, there is a high chance that the Buddha’s rejection was because he was not sure how to organize a community of nuns. In the early days, there were no monastic buildings to sleep in and monks wore old robes, which might be a struggle for women (16). Therefore, these shows that the Buddha’s “hesitation” is not due the spiritual ability of women, but his desire to maintain Buddhism ideology and protect women once they enter the monastic life. In fact, he proclaimed that, “And be it women, be it men for whom such chariot doth wait, by that same car into Nibbana 's presence shall they come” (Barua, 61). This suggests that the Buddha actually value women because not only he did not doubt their capability to achieve Nirvana, which is the spiritual goal of Buddhism, but he wants to make sure that they are protected in the monastic community.
This means Ha’s faith has been changed for the sake of blending in with the American Christians around her and not because her beliefs have changed. Eventually, Ha finds comfort in a Buddhist chant her mother coaxed her to say (198), for she has regained her faith in Buddha, so she has converted back to being a Buddhist. Therefore, Ha has managed to hold onto a piece of her culture after twisting her beliefs to fit