Early Childhood Education Research Paper

1156 Words5 Pages
Throughout the history of Early Childhood Education, there have been many key thinkers both past and present that have influenced today’s policies and practice in early years. Their philosophies are known to be what they believed, a set of values or guidance that are shown through the theorist’s background, views on certain influences and most of all their experience. These philosophies have influenced what happens in current early years settings and it is clear to see that children, in fact thrive in a variety of environments. These environments can include the home setting, outdoor environments and children particularly thrive in environment’s that are accessible, resourceful and safe. The Oxfordshire Government (2008) states if it offers…show more content…
After years of education, Froebel began to teach at a progressive school which was run on the lines advocated by Pestalozzi. In 1818 he went on to open his own school in which he began to put his educational theories into practice. His school took the form of an educational community where Froebel believed in many key principles- he thought that the uniqueness of each child’s capacity and potential should be recognised for personal development and growth. Each child should have a holistic view of their development, there should be an ecological view of mankind in the natural world, a recognition of the integrity of childhood in its own right, and not as a stage. Finally, Froebel believed the child should have recognition as part of the community. Froebel (1826) states that ‘the purpose of education is to encourage and guide man as a conscious, thinking and perceiving being in a way he becomes a pure and perfect representation of a divine law through his own choice and education must show the ways and meanings of attaining that goal’ (p. 2). He strongly followed the whole child approach where individuals are treated as unique and diverse but connected by both relationships and community. The community is a group of people who are linked…show more content…
Our current Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) follows policies and frameworks which holds and reflects many of Froebel’s views and beliefs. Focusing on the uniqueness of each individual child that Froebel believed in our early year’s settings follows The Development Matters document which is a non-statutory guidance material to support practitioners, it is in place to help children have the best possible start in life. Within in the guidance material, one of the four themes followed for the EYFS to underpin is the unique child, for every child is a unique child who is constantly learning and can be resilient, capable, confident and self-assured (The British Association for Early Years Education, 2012). Which, therefore, reflects Froebel’s beliefs for the potential growth and development of all children. Practitioners ensure they understand and observe each child’s development and learning, assess, progress and plan for next steps, ensure children are safe and involve parents and families equally. This goes onto link into another one of Froebel’s beliefs that children were linked by both community and relationships, the second theme to be underpinned by the EYFS is positive relationships as this allows children to be strong and independent. Practitioners ensure there is a nurturing and emotionally supported environment, they are sensitive
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