Determining the mental health and the emotional stability of an offender leads to give a better understanding of why they commit crime. In recent years, the youth crime is controlled with carefully analyzed and designed procedures including the study of what behaviors lead them to commit crime. The trend analysis showed that the youth crime has declined as compared to past years. It is a sign of peaceful society indeed but the efforts which led this happen are more important to explain. In US, the youth criminal in the custody of police is low and as state has attempted to use ‘evidence based programming’ to control youth crime.
Essay Week 5 The Juvenile Detention Alternatives Initiative isn’t about letting juvenile offenders off the hook with just a slap on the wrist, it is about a more proactive approach that involves the community as whole. JDAI is about reducing the number of juveniles that are being detained and using that information to help make the right decisions for our youth that are considered at risk. The goals of JDAI are to reduce the number of juveniles that are in detention facilities, and to help reform the juvenile justice system. JDAI jurisdictions have achieved a cumulative reduction of 43 percent in average daily population (Casey, 2015) JDAI is achieving these numbers by not detaining juveniles for status offenses, such as runaway and curfew violation, and by placing them in alternative programming. By using other programs, JDAI is helping these offenders to figure out and
About eighteen percent of youth referred to the juvenile court are held in detention, awaiting the outcome of their cases. Juveniles charged with drug or personal crimes are mostly likely to be charged With public order and property crimes less likely to get detention. Just as the use of detention has dramatically increased over time, informal adjustment of cases has declined over time, and formal hearings now account for the process in more than half of all juvenile cases. These two trends show the increasing formality of juvenile justice system in response. In cases where a petition has been filed, youth progress to the adjudicatory stage(equivalent to the criminal trial).If a youth is found guilty or plead guilty , he or she is adjudicated to felonious, or adjudication may be withheld contingent upon the youth completion of some program or sanction.
There are other effects imprisonment has on an offender, for example mental illness, suicidal, isolation, the fear of being attacked or preyed upon, also the low self-worth one has. This is the more formal aspect of the criminal justice system. The juvenile justice system has the same effects of incarnation on young person as the adult system. Incarnation damages an adult, it is for this reason that the juvenile justice system try to avoid placing youth criminals into the young
According to an article “ young offenders who were incarcerated were a staggering 67 percent more likely to be in jail (again) by the age of 25 than similar young offenders who didn’t go to prison”(Beuchamp). If that is the case now imagine how it would be if they’re in there for life, it’s a possibility that crimes could be committed there. Why have them in there for life when it can potentially make the issue a lot worse? It’s not the right thing to do, whether the offender murdered a person you cannot deprive them of their right to recuperate and make a change. As mentioned before, the majority of juveniles who are admitted to adult prison tend to develop aggressive habits and become suicidal because of the environment they’re in.
To be clear, there are two options for diversion programs: pre-adjudication and post adjudication. Research across states that have implemented diversion programs highlight the success they’ve been able to obtain in keeping juveniles involvement within the system by addressing the many needs that are at times beyond court reach, all while decreasing recidivism with the hopes of providing a better future for the juvenile. The impact of confining a juvenile to a DYS facility can be detrimental on so many levels. Juveniles who are placed in the confinement of an agency such as DYS are said to be more likely to drop out of high school and reoffend. Detention in a facility can impede the process of a juvenile obtaining his or her high school diploma, and gaining meaningful employment, "cut[ting] a youth from the conventional norms and opportunities for growth that youth who remain in the community
The juvenile justice system has made numerous of ethical issues when managing juvenile offenders. The issue with the juvenile justice system is the laws and rules that govern it. It has led to years of controversial debate over the ethical dilemmas of the juvenile corrections system, and how they work with youth offenders. The number of minors entering the juvenile justice system is increasing every month. The reasons why the juvenile justice system faces ethical dilemmas is important and needs to be addressed: (1) a vast proportion of juveniles are being tried and prosecuted as adults; (2) the psychological maturation of the juvenile to fully comprehend the justice system; and (3) the factors that contribute to minorities being adjudicated in the juvenile justice system are more likely than White offenders.
In contrast, in adult justice system, parole is primarily based on surveillance and monitoring of illicit behavior.The juvenile justice system aims at the rehabilitation of juvenile offenders. The underlying rationales of the juvenile court system are that youth are developmentally different from adults and that their behavior is malleable. Rehabilitation and treatment, in addition to community protection, are considered to be primary and viable goals (Reiman, 2006). As for the adult justice system, it mainly focuses on the punishment of
“New Orleans prosecutors are seeking life without parole [for juvenile offenders] in half of all cases; in West Baton Rouge Parish, 100 percent,” (“Justice for the Youngest Inmates”). Whenever a minor is found guilty of committing a crime, he or she must go through the processes of the juvenile justice system. There has been much controversy over how young criminals should be punished and corrected for breaking the law. The goal of the juvenile justice system is to rectify the mistakes that youths have committed in order to produce functional, well-mannered members of society. However, juveniles are often treated poorly after being tried and come out of the detention facilities in a worse condition than when they entered.
As long as we share the value of juveniles, the Juvenile Law should not be abolished or amended. Otherwise, Juvenile criminal’s social problem should be fixed with another way. Abolish or revise the Juveniles Law can’t be answer. Family, school, even police officers have to take care of them and treat them (962). They are our children.