All they wanted was to be rich and have a better life. There were many Indian ambushes. J. Fredrick Fauz reports that of the 120 men stationed near the falls, the indians kill “neere halfe”. It was very hard for the Indians because suddenly they had to share their natural resources with these new people. Dennis B. Blankton assesses that “the island is not situated at a point of great natural food abundance.” Colonists and Indians had a very rough relationship and it resulted in many wars and many deaths for both the colonists and the
The Indian Removal Act had a negative impact on the Native Americans because they were driven away from their ancestral homes, forced to adopt a different lifestyle, and their journey westwards caused the deaths of many Native Americans. The Indian Removal Act forced the Native Americans to move away from their ancestral homes. Gabrielle Tayac, Edwin Schupman, and Genevieve Simermeyer noted, “Native peoples have created thriving societies along the shores of numerous rivers that feed into the beautiful and environmentally rich Chesapeake Bay. They lived in connection to the seasons and the natural resources of the region” (“Chesapeake Natives: Three Major Chiefdoms”). Prior to the arrival of the colonists, the Native Americans built and maintained successful communities in their ancestral homes for generations.
Many of the settlers who moved to Jamestown were gentlemen and sons from rich families; these people considered themselves too noble to carry out hard labor. Furthermore, many came to Jamestown in search of material goods instead of a permanent settlement. This was one of the main causes of The Starving Time. The swampy site of Jamestown meant poor drinking water and mosquitoes causing malaria and yellow fever. In addition, the initial colony consisted of 0 women.
The Native Americans were not civilized as the Europeans and they lacked a lot of tools to mass produce buildings, houses, boats, and farm the lands. Diseases brought from the settlers such as smallpox killed many Native Americans. Native Americans did not have the antibodies to combat the diseases brought over by the European explorers. Other diseases were measles,
Many problems occurred when the settlers were first in Jamestown, they suffered from famine and disease. The settlers also skirmished with local Native American tribes in the first few years, all of these problems almost brought Jamestown to the brink of failure. The failure was caused by the lack of survival skills that the colonists had, also the lack of sanitation which caused them disease and that they used brackish water to drink, this was caused by the high
Some hardships the 49ers faced were diseases that were sometimes produced by the lack of food and water. Others were caused by difficulty in crossing lands and seas.Some of the miners would even commit acts of violence, or commit suicide because of the struggle and stress of not finding gold. When the miners arrived to California they were subjects of diseases like Cholera,Dysentery and Pneumonia.
Those who had fallen ill, most of the time died, and those who had the will to move on were able to make it to the end and start new lives. Nobody's lives would be the same after losing the ones they had lost during the long journey. The Indian Removal Act and the Trail of Tears were terrible events for the Native American people to live through. They lost lives, supplies, homes, and family memories.
Many converted in order to live with less fear. However, many times the Pueblo Indians had to choose between serving God or the Crown causing affliction in the Natives. Another factor that contributed to the Puebloan’s tension was the diseases brought by the Europeans like the “smallpox, measles, typhus, and influenza” along with the famines, droughts, attacks of enemy’s tribes, like the Apaches, and the Spanish slaving of the Puebloans (Lienbmann, 2012 p.
Consequently, many Native Americans began to negatively view Europeans and many would view them as inferior. Another way the Europeans impacted the Native Americans was by forcing them into slavery. The Spanish would practically enslave Native Americans through various systems, such as the encomienda, repartimiento, and mita. Usually, the Native Americans could not handle the arduous workload and many would die as a result. Conquest and forced labor caused the native population to significantly decline.
However, many of the settlers focused a bit too much on the "find gold" part of their orders (being the most important part of course) because of this, few colonists focused on gathering food, leading to a lack of food for the colony to sustain itself. To combat this, Smith established a simple "tough love" policy, in simple terms, if you did not work, you did not eat. Smith also made trade agreements with the tribes under the leadership of Chief Powhatan. The colonists offered glass and metal goods to the Indians in exchange for food for the colony. Thanks to the actions of John Smith, things were looking great for the colony, however, "his (Smith's) strict leadership made enemies within and without the fort, and a mysterious gunpowder explosion badly injured him and sent him back to England in October 1609."
Well many colonists died because of their water supply, their relationship with the natives, and because of their knowledge of survival. These factor lead to early death for most of the colonist. The water supply for Jamestown was brackish, or filthy, and lead to disease. Also, there were many years that they went through a drought and did not have enough water for farming. The colonist dumped human waste into the rivers, and it tended to gather instead of flush away.
The Cherokees were forced to drag the wagons out of the muddy roads. Death became a daily occurrence because of the road conditions, winter distress, and illness. The government only provided a single blanket to each Indian as shelter from the cold wind of the winter. The ill-equipped Cherokees were trapped beside the frozen Mississippi River with many of them dying of pneumonia. Starvation and malnutrition made the Cherokees more prone to diseases like cholera, dysentery, and smallpox.
Settlers didn’t know any better so they chose Jamestown. Settlers faced many struggles, i.e. lack of food, water, and skill. Why did so many colonists die? The three main reasons colonists died was environmental issues, lack of settler skills, and relations with the Powhatans.
Smallpox was also a threat. One settler describes it as a “cloud over this province.” It drove off people and killed the people who stayed. It was also one of the major causes of the decline in the Native American population. There were definitely other kinds of diseases, but Smallpox was the most common. Both of these problems made it hard to settle Charles Town.