The Native Americans that inhabited the Americas, particularly in the Puritan colony of Plymouth in Massachusetts and the area that encompasses the English colony of Virginia in the eastern coast of North America, had their lives drastically changed upon contact with Europeans and served different roles for both different colonies. Native Americans living near the Plymouth were crucial to the survival of the Puritans in the Plymouth colony while the Native Americans in the Virginia colonies were in constant warfare with the English colonists in Jamestown.
All is well for the native relationship, until John Smith, who had set up a firm trade between settlers and colonist, had returned to England in 1609. In document C it tells of “120 men stationed near the falls the Indians kill ‘neere halfe’”, and within the same month, “of 100 men at Nansemond Indians kill 50”. Besides physically killing, the natives also refused to give settlers food or water or help in any way, which led colonist to starvation. Jamestown could have had a much smoother start, if only they had a better relationship with native
The English had come more prepared and well aware of what they were stepping into, they brought provisions and supplies, even though they struggled. It was not until the Jamestown settlement was established in 1607, a full twenty years after John White bade farewell to his colonists, that the next serious attempts where undertaken by the English to find out what happened to the colony in 1587 (Fullam 128). In early 1609, the Royal Council in England received shocking news from Jamestown that Wahunsunacock, Chief Powhatan, had slaughter the 1587 colonist (Fullman 155). Unfortunately, the Powhatan’s cooperation was necessary for the success of the colony (Fullman 157). But 1608, a letter from John Smith was delivered to the Royal Council with evidence that the Powhatan Indians weren’t connected to the Lost Colony.
The early 1620’s called upon desperate measures for the Virginians, surges of hunger so violent that it caused some to go mad and eat anything- the corpses of loved ones took a large popularity on the menu- they became despondent to grow food and stay alive, human nature beginning to take over. The Virginians had finally developed a “better” system that differed from their starvation of the time. Having had just recently committed the first few acts of slavery, Jamestown kicked off a big bang for the journey of slavery for the average dark, non-leisure men of the world. Aside from the Indians, all people in the newly discovered United States were unaware of how to grow food and prosper greatly in the new world. The fact that the Indians knew how to succeed in the new land angered all the white men, soon most of the Indian population had been killed off, and the white men were still struggling, just no longer in comparison to the Indians.
Tobacco was the basis of economic life and a motivation for settling down in Jamestown. This helped result in an increase of settlers. The English expansion sparked war in 1622 led by Opechancanough. This war resulted in a tragic death of about a third of the nation. Particularly, the English inhabitants seized Indian’s land and food, cornering the Indian citizens towards limiting possibilities; needless to say they ended up dispersing.
With the arrival of Anglo-Americans, Native Americans lost much more than just their land. Tribes were forced onto reservations, stripped of their culture, wealth and place in society, with no hope of regaining what they owned unless by complete assimilation. For the latter half of the 19th and early 20th centuries, many Anglo-Americans continually pushed for Native Americans to abandon their cultures and “savage” ways. However, despite the many attempts to force Natives into Anglo-American culture, many Native Americans found ways to negotiate with the demands of the Anglo-Americans through mainly social, economic and legal means.
Native Americans flourished in North America, but over time white settlers came and started invading their territory. Native Americans were constantly being thrown and pushed off their land. Sorrowfully this continued as the Americans looked for new opportunities and land in the West. When the whites came to the west, it changed the Native American’s lives forever. The Native Americans had to adapt to the whites, which was difficult for them.
The common agreement to what happened at Jamestown is the near Native American tribe, the Powhatans, were cruel, vial, and refused to help the struggling English who would almost die out because of malnourishment. Though the Powhatans refused to feed the malnourished English people, even with the English leader John Smith begging for help, the Indians felt threatened by the English because of their presence, weapons, and John Smiths threats. Therefore, the Powhatans cut off ties with the English for the fear of starting violence (Doc G). The “starving time” had nothing to do with Powhatans lack of help and originated in the lack of skill the English people had and the violent treatment to the Powhatans. The English were left with little experience
Native Americans were greatly affected by the expansion of the United States during the 1800s. As the U.S. moved west, they stole large amounts of Native American land by settling the land and killing the Natives who once lived there. Also during this time, their culture was being taken from them due to assimilation. While United States citizens were expanding into the west, many Native American lives were lost. They were also responsible for destroying a major food and supply source for Native Americans.
They had settled near the Powhatan Indians. They had lots of trouble especially with the native americans. Colonist died in early Jamestown because of three main problems. These problems were brackish water, starvation, and Indian relations. One reason that colonists died because of the dirty brackish water they had.
According to Document D, there was mistrust between the British colonists and the Native Americans. There was mistrust between the two because the colonist forced the Native Americans to trade goods, which was unfair to the Natives because it was not their fault they were unprepared. Native Americans and the English settlers couldn’t get along, and because this happened, this led to war, which led to death. Also those who were wounded or injured did not have enough doctors or surgeons to help( Doc.C). Also, according to document E, 144 colonists died by the attack of the Native Americans in the years of 1607 to 1610.
This pushed the natives back further and further until they were now a small minority with little to no room for
Before the Spanish ship that changed it all, which arrived in the “New World” in 1492, thriving organized communities of native people had centuries of history on the land. That ship, skippered by Christopher Columbus, altered the course of both Native American and European history. 1492 sparked the fire of cultural diffusion in the New World which profoundly impacted the Native American peoples and the European settlers.