Abstract Early childhood education (ECE) is a category of educational program which relates to the teaching of little children in their preschool years. It comprises of many activities and experiences designed to assist in the cognitive and social development of preschoolers before they start elementary school. In most early childhood programs and schools, technology will be part of the learning background of the future. To make sure this new technology is used effectively, we must assure that teachers are fully trained and supported. In this paper, theoretical perspectives of child development are discussed with the basic elements of learning program.
Epstein and her colleagues developed a school engagement framework based on six indicators of school involvement (2004): • Parenting: to support families with information on home conditions, skills, and learning support for children at each age and grade level. • Communicating: Reaching out to families to provide timely information about school events and student progress through a channel of two-way communication. • Volunteering: Empower educators to work with parents and community members to improve recruitment, training, and attendance of volunteer stakeholders. • Learning at Home: Improve methods for including parents in the academic learning processes outside of the school building; including homework, curriculum-based projects, and personalized
Being, is the celebration of here and now and Becoming is what is to come for the children in the future, what shapes the children into what they want to become (EYLF, 2014). The EYLF has five different learning outcomes, which focus on the skills and knowledge a child will learn in the early childhood setting. It is a guide for educators to attune all these outcomes in a child’s
Response to Intervention (RTI): A Guide for Family Members and Staff Developed for use in k-5 schools Purpose: This guide will outline the “what”, “where”, “who”, “why”, and “how”s of RTI. What is Response to Intervention (RTI)? Response to Intervention (RTI) is an educational model, designed for use in both general education and special education,to advance educational outcomes for all students and aids struggling students by focusing on how students respond to individualized intervention. RTI relies on early identification to support students academic, social-emotional, and behavioral needs by targeting instruction interventions, at increasing levels of intensity, as soon as those needs become apparent. Progress is closely monitored to assess both the learning rate and level of performance of individual students.
Piaget and Maslow: Teaching the whole child Exceptional educators keep their fingers on the pulse of what their students need, in order to teach them effectively. Examining Piaget and Maslow’s theories, and applying them to the classroom will facilitate achieving this goal. Considering Piaget’s focus on development, and Maslow’s prioritization of human needs, one can integrate these ideas into classrooms and lesson plans that are optimized for student success. Piaget’s theory of cognitive development Piaget asserts, children are born with inherited scripts, called schema, these schema are building blocks for cognitive development. As a child grows, he acquires more of these building blocks; moreover, these building blocks become more complex as the child progresses through different stages in development (Huitt, Hummel 2003).
The behaviour we observed is models. In social life, children encompassed with effective people like parents, siblings, friends, tv characters and teachers etc. They attract to certain people and encode the behaviour and later imitate the behaviour interest to them regardless whether it is appropriate or inappropriate for them. MEDITATIONAL PROCESS: it is referred as a bridge between traditional learning theory and cognitive approach. Bandura believes that individuals are effective "informative processors" and always anticipate the connection between their behaviour and its outcome and such factor involved in the learning process to evaluate if the new response is accomplished.
According to “(Siraj-Blatchford et al 2002: 28)”Pedagogy means a set of technical instructions and strategies that enable learning to take place .It provides opportunities for acquisition of knowledge, skills, attitude, learning dispositions with a particular social and material context. It refers to the interaction between the child, the teacher, the community and the child’s family. It also includes the environment in which the child learns in . Tina Bruce looked at the work of many pedagogues (Fröbel, Steiner and Maria Montessori)and modern theorist that included ( Bruner, Pringle, Piaget and Vygotsky) she found that they all had an agreement in how to best work with young children. Based on the work of the other theorist that she had studied Tina Bruce developed ten principles of early childhood education.
The Early Years Learning Framework (EYLF) and the Australian Curriculum are both frameworks introduced to create a coherent standard of achievements or learning outcomes for students at different development levels within Australia. The EYLF is dedicated to the learning outcomes of children from birth to 5 years in Kindergarten, early educational care settings and the transition to school. The Australian Curriculum is a framework focusing on children’s learning during the Foundation year through to year 10. Its standard of achievements and content descriptions establish the requirements for students to successfully progress through school. Both frameworks reinforce the principles of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of a Child.
An Early year’s teacher’s job role is to ‘work with children from birth to 5 years old, to standards set out in the early year’s foundation stage (EYFS) framework.’ (National Careers service). The purpose of this job is to motivate, educate and provide a safe environment in which young children can develop socialisation and communication skills, whilst helping to prepare young children for transition into primary school. Early years teachers have many duties and activities in which they carry out on a day-to-day basis. One of their main duties is to ‘help children to develop basic learning skills (verbal, written and numeric)’ (allaboutcareers.com). To do this Early Years teachers are required to plan fun lessons and interesting activities
In fact, regardless of background, children, religion, physical, intellectual and mental children. With this opportunity, it can realize the educational goals through learning level appropriate to the child's development in order to stimulate the minds of children, build a positive attitude and good character and focuses on child development in a holistic and integrated . 2.0 Types of Approaches and Techniques of Teaching According to Parera (1986), the approach is a philosophical background or views on key ideas to be debated and is one axiom that the generally accepted explanation and hope to be a description. Further, the approach is a group of interrelated assumptions about the nature of language, the nature of language teaching and language learning nature (Kamarudin Hj.Husin, 1988). "Playing and learning" is an overall concept that is applied in the approach to teaching preschool teacher.