Earthquake In Bhutan

1610 Words7 Pages
3 Research Area 3.1 Earthquake History of Bhutan In accordance to the Seismic Hazard map of Bhutan, Phuentsholing city fall under the zone four which is at great risk during the earthquakes. A major earthquake of magnitude 6.1 occurred in Narang, eastern part of Bhutan taking life of 10 people and damaging schools and monasteries. Bhutan has experienced many earthquakes of which most of the epicenter were located in neighboring countries. The detected earthquakes were not equally distributed across the country. Most events were along a line connecting Phuentsholing with Samtse and reaching Gangtok (Sikkim). 3.2 Background Phuentsholing is located in southern part of Bhutan which lies in the Himalayan region. Himalayan region lies in active…show more content…
There are various types of sampling techniques available for preferred and required output. Generally random sampling is widely preferred as it doesn’t require many resources and can be completed within short duration. For seismic risk assessment analysis in terms of buildings, stratified random sampling is preferred as the collection of sample points is much easier for the study. HAZUS Methodology HAZUS is a nationally applicable standardized methodology that contains models for estimating potential losses from earthquakes, floods, and hurricanes (FEMA, HAZUS MH 2.0 Usuer Manual, 2011). HAZUS is a risk assessment software developed by Department of Homeland Security, Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) in 1997. It uses ArcGIS as a supporting GIS software for usage. What is HAZUS- MH? 1) It provides a platform of risk assessment for various…show more content…
Today, RC structures have replaced almost all the traditional structures such as adobe and stone masonry buildings in the urban areas. Most of the RC buildings in Phuentsholing are three to seven storey tall and are mostly rectangular in plan. Ground floor is mainly used for commercial purposes while top floors are used as residential units. In this study, three typical residential RC buildings are considered. They represent the most common RCC buildings in Phuentsholing. There are typical 6, 5, 4, 3 and 2 storey RCC building which was designed and built after the adoption of Indian seismic code in 1997. Six storey RCC buildings are very common in the central area of Phuentsholing where population of the city is concentrated. Three storey RCC buildings which was also designed and built after the adoption of Indian seismic code and there are even three storey RCC building built prior to 1997 when no seismic provisions had been incorporated (Kinzang Thinley,

More about Earthquake In Bhutan

Open Document