Therefore, mountains of Japan contain 10 per-cent of the world's most active volcanoes. Japan is riddled with faults and is located at the junction of four tectonic plates. In the last 75 years, the Japanese archipelago or areas immediately offshore have experienced five earthquakes measuring more than eight on the Richter scale; and 17 measuring more than seven on the Richter scale. It is unusual for a year to go by without three or four earthquakes measuring 6.0 or more. Japan accounts for about 20 percent of the earthquakes of magnitude 6 or greater on the Richter scale.
Fukushima Nuclear Disaster: Analysis of Safety On 11th March, 2011, Japan experienced an earthquake in the Tōhoku region, of magnitude 9.1 on the Richter Scale. This resulted in a devastating tsunami that affected millions of people. The tsunami also caused three reactors in the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant to malfunction, leading to a nuclear meltdown and release of potentially lethal radioactive material into the surroundings. The Tōhoku Earthquake ranks fourth on the list of all time worst earthquakes in terms of magnitude. As a result, the tidal waves it generated were huge, with the crests reaching up to 15 m in height.
The focus was under Izu Oshima Island. After the principal earthquake, there are two major aftershocks with magnitude 7.3 and 7.2. The three earthquakes lasted for more than eight minutes in total. The previous major earthquake happened 27 years ago in 1896, which is known as Sanriku earthquake. It caused more than
Gender-Based Disaster Relief and NGO Efforts: A case study of the majhi community in the 2015 Earthquake. By RABINA KC (201529240001) SCHOOL OF SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT AND PUBLIC POLICY BEIJING NORMAL UNIVERSITY SUPERVISOR YANG LICHAO 1. Introduction 1.1. Background In Nepal, on 25th April 2015 Saturday at 11;56 local times, a 7.6 magnitude earthquake hit Barpak in the historic district of Gorkha, about 76 km northwest of Kathmandu. Since the major shock till 7th June 2015, there were >300 aftershocks of magnitude >4, among them 6 are > 6 magnitudes (the biggest aftershock 6.8 magnitudes with an epicenter near Mt.
INCIDENT Earthquake and Tsunami At 14:46pm – Friday 11 March 2011, Japan. The earthquake also often referred to the Great East Japan earthquake rated at a magnitude 9.0, a massive shake in the ground that occurred was centred on the seafloor in the north-western Pacific Ocean rather shallow depth of 32km, and its core approximately 45 miles (72km) east of Oshika Peninsula of Tōhoku, at a depth of 15 miles (24km) below the surface jolt Japan, and it lasted around six minutes. The quake was so intense that it shifted Honshu, Japan's main island permanently 2.4 meters (8 ft.) to the east. Just over an hour after the quake, the shook set off the first Tsunami waves reaching the run-up height of 3.8 meters (12.46 ft.) and crashing into the coast of Miyagi Prefecture traveling inwards as far as 6 miles (10 km) in Sendai. The tsunami flooded an estimated area of about 217 square miles (561 square kilometers) in the country, just as people were still bemused from the aftershocks.
1976 Tangshan Earthquake Introduction: At 03:42 AM on Wednesday July 28 1976, it was believed that the largest earthquake had occurred near the Tangshan (a large industrial prefecture-level city in northeastern China with approximately 1 million or more residents) in Hebei with a magnitude of 7.8. The earthquake struck at a very late mid-night (03:42 AM) where more than a million people laid sleeping and not evacuated. The entire earthquake was claimed to last for approximately 14 to 16 seconds with a 7.1 magnitude aftershocks. The event struck a totally unexpected area, demolishing the city and causing 242,000 casualties and at least 700,000 were injured resulting it to be the one of the deadliest earthquakes in the twentieth century. [Rosenberg Jennifer] Damage & Recovery: The survivors of the tragic event have been said to be digging through the debris to answer the calls of the help as well as recovering their missing comrades or relatives.
Case Study Topic: 2010 Pakistan Floods 1. Deen, S. (2015). Pakistan 2010 floods. Policy gaps in disaster preparedness and response. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 12, 341-349. doi:10.1016/j.ijdrr.2015.03.007 " Case study use: Factual/Descriptive basis This article is both, descriptive and analytical, it derives information from primary and secondary research sources.
Earthquake is one of the most destructive natural hazards and causes casualties, financial and environmental damages every year. On the other hand, Iran is a seismicity country located at Himalayan-Alpied seismic belt, any time there is a probability earthquake occurrence, and many cities and areas with a large population, such as Nishapur, are in areas with a higher likelihood of an earthquake (Talebian and Jackson, 2004). Many earthquakes occurring in the past three decades, including the Tabas earthquake (1978), the Manjil earthquake (1990), and the Bam earthquake (2003), caused about 100,000 deaths (Yazdani and Kowsari, 2011). In the modern societies, the civil infrastructures and utility systems are very important to support daily activities and achieve socio-economic prosperity. Because these services are necessary for important emergency services and are critical for survival, the loss of utility systems can have calamitous consequences for a community trying to recover after a seismic event.
Cyclone Nargis, Myanmar, 2008 1.Introduction 1-1 geographical Background The Republic of the Union of Myanmar is the biggest country in mainland of South-East Asia surrounded by India, China and Thailand with area of 676,578 square km and a population of 51.5 million. Its 2000km coastline covers almost the whole of east coast of the Bay of Bengal. (UNISDR, 2012 단체1) Countries around this bay are usually intimidated by the destruction of storm surges associated with tropical cydones. Particularly Myanmar’s the low-lying areas(the Ayeyarwady Delta) are vulnerable to storm surges. 책12 As a heavy rainfall country, according to the last 100 years historical record, floods occur regularly during the mid-monsoon period from June to August and April to May and October are regarded as cyclone months.
The Center for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED) described a flood as “a significant rise of water level in a stream, lake, reservoir or coastal region”. Floods occur differed on timelines, ranging from flash floods with little warning to those that evolve over days or weeks (Doocy et al. 2013) Flash floods is characterized by high-velocity flows and short warning times have the highest average mortality rates per event and are responsible for the majority of flood deaths in developing countries (Jonkman et al. 2005). The Philippines is a known country most exposed to tropical storms in the world.