Poverty is defined as the state of being unable to fulfill basic needs of human beings. Poverty is the lack of resources leading to physical deprivation. Poor people are unable to fulfill basic survival needs such as food, clothing, and shelter. These are the needs of lowest order and assume top priority. Poor people are unknown of their lack of voice, power, and rights, which leads them to exploitation.
Poverty is the state in which people are unable to fullfill their needs and desires as they have lack of money and resources. There are two different types of poverty. Absolute and relative poverty. In Absolute poverty there is deprivation of human needs which are usually water, food, healthcare, shelter and etc. while on the other hand relative poverty is being below some relative income threshold.
Children are born with a low birth weight and there are high mortality rates, malnutrition and starvation. Poverty also affects learning and development in children which results in a continent full of illiterate people, resulting in them not being able to find employment and earn a decent income to meet their daily needs. Not earning a decent income also results in parents not being able to take their children to schools which creates what is called a “cycle of poverty”. Emotional
Poor people are unknown of their lack of voice, power, and rights, which leads them to exploitation. Poor people being unable to take part in social and cultural norms leads to breakdown of social relation among the people The effects of poverty can be mainly categorized as unemployment, illiteracy, food security, psychological well-being, increased crime rate, child health, homelessness etc. Major effect of poverty is unemployment to those without land or dependable wage labor. Poor people can rarely find permanent, salaried job in the village or even in the city. Poor people engage in informal and daily wage labor with no security and low earnings.
Poverty is one of the major issues that the Arab world is going through and the major reason behind poverty is lack of opportunities, unemployment, lack of education and lack of economic growth. This paper will argue about the poverty in the Arab world and how is it possible to reduce poverty. According to a survey conducted by the UNDP, the Arab world as a whole is still fighting with the issue of poverty since it is a very major issue. Poverty is a subject that determines the life style and living standard of a group that is inclusive of food, clothes and shelter, etc. People in the Arab world are unable to live a quality life because most of the people do not have better living place, clean water, new clothes and good food.
There are 54 million people in South Africa, with 4.7 million unemployed which then leads to crime rates increasing as more people become desperate to survive. Although getting an education is a law in South Africa many children do not get this privilege as they cannot afford to go to school (overpopulation) or live far from a school, and some do not get a good education. This therefore leads to the lack of education, which leaves more people without skills and knowledge. The environmental issues are the lack of soil (land), bodies of water (water), forests and air (atmosphere). The over use of natural resources lead to shortages of food, clean water,
This leads to a poverty cycle, as they often do not have the skills and knowledge required in the workforce, reducing their potential income, therefore being unable to walk out of poverty. Similarly, in the area of health, it is evident that poor people die at a younger age compared to the rich due to lack of access to affordable healthcare services. Therefore, being unable to enjoy certain rights and privileges shows the prevailing situation of social exclusion in
Strengthening agriculture, hence, is critical for strengthening the economy. But the tragedy lies in the fact that the agricultural workers constitute the most neglected class in Indian rural structure. Their income is low, employment is irregular and working condition is hazardous. Since they lack skill and training, there is no alternative choice. Moreover they are suppressed group of people socially too.
Among the causes of rural poverty are a decline in the productivity and profitability of farming, smaller farm sizes and unsustainable practices that have led to deforestation and depleted fishing waters. Rural areas lag behind in economic growth and they have higher underemployment. This is partly because poor people have little access to productive assets and business opportunities. They have few non-farm income-generating activities, and people lack access to microfinance services and affordable credit. Some vulnerable groups also face specific problems.
In fact many of the poor people are deprived of basic needs like food, shelter and cloths. High inflation rate not only reduces the purchasing power of people but reduces their living standard and their savings are decreased hence they remain poor. Moreover the health and education of their children is affected as with their wages they can only purchase basic needs. In short inflation combined with being poor is