The domestic market in Shanghai has been expanding, however, the inbound rate of tourist arrival have been decreasing since 2012 and 2013. Some possible reasons are the fluctuation of exchange rates, the cost to travel to china risen. Even though, the essential reason that contributed the most to this decline is the air quality in Shanghai, China. The red line in the figure 5 represents the growth rate, it shows by how much percentage the tourism rate grew since 2002 until 2014. The most obvious growth rate in the tourism market was in the year of 2003-2007.
Abstract: Tourism in India is one of the promising sectors of the economy in the last 50 years. Besides being a big foreign exchange earner it has high promises and hopes in other macro variables such as investment and employment. Tourism can be a small enterprise or a multi-million project, both labor intensive and capital intensive activity. Puducherry is a fast growing region with development in industrial sector, agricultural sector and also tourism sector. Tourism is developing in this region since last 10 years and attracting many tourists which emerged as one or the major sources of incomes to the government exchequer.
1. Literature Review: Global Tourism and its challenges Tourism is today one of the largest and fastest growing economic sectors in the world. It has largely become popular, and even become massive within the past few years. It is now possible for the greatest number of people and for an ever-lower cost to go all over the planet with always fewer obstacles. As for the tourism industry, most of the figures that will be used in this thesis will be issued from the publications of the World Tourism Organization, also called UNWTO.
Thailand is a famous tourism destination for travelers. There is a very fast growth in Thailand’s tourism. The number of international tourist arrivals in Thailand increased in last five years. In 2009, the total number of international tourist arrivals was nearly 14.2 million, while it was close to 16 million in year 2010. The number of international tourist arrival in Thailand still increased in 2011, 2012 and 2013 as following; 19.2 million, 22.4 million, and 26.5 million (Department of Tourism, 2014).
Singapore is one of the most developing countries in Southeast Asia and also one of the largest service sectors in tourism. For Singapore to take this advantage as a tourism destination, it has contributed 3% of Singapore 's GDP which has generated a sum of growing rapidly for the past few years. By the increasing benefits of tourism industries, it has strengthened the infrastructure developments, in addition of various events and the countries strategic location in the heart of region. The role of the tourism industry can play as main in Singapore 's economy. In 2015, tourism sectors is as a bold target to ensure that tourism remains a key economic pillar, which was unveiled in the year 2005.
INTRODUCTION Today, tourism is one of the largest and dynamically developing sectors of external economic activities. Its high growth and development rates, considerable volumes of foreign currency inflows, infrastructure development, and introduction of new management and educational experience actively affect various sectors of economy, which positively contribute to the social and economic development of the country as a whole. According to recent statistics, tourism provides about 10% of the world’s income and employs almost one tenth of the world’s workforce. Many people emphasize the positive aspects of tourism as a source of foreign exchange, a way to balance foreign trade, an “industry without chimney” — in short, manna from heaven. For decades tourism industry growth has been a major contributor to increased economic activity throughout the world.
Tourism shouldgenerate employment and income, lead to a positive tourism balance of payments, stimulate thesupplying sectors of tourism, and lead to a generally increased level of economic activity in thecountry(www.kgptour.tuke.sk). Thescenario of the World tourism industry is always in a state of flux. It isreckoned that end of 21st century will see the World tourism industry generating nearly500 million job opportunities for the people(Patawari Swapna, 2011). It is an important sector of the economy andcontributes significantly in the country’s GDP as well as Foreign Exchange Earnings (FEE)(http://www.wbiconpro.com). What makes tourism different from many other services is that the supplier stays where he is, and the tourist comes to him rather than the supplier taking his services to the
Introduction Tourism has been a major influences in the process of globalization. “The tourism industry is regarded as one of the biggest sector in the world generating an estimated 11% of the global gross domestic product (GDP) and employing 200 million people and serving 700 million tourists worldwide- a figure which is expected to double by the year 2020” (Maswera et al, 2009, p.12). Cohen (2012) mentions that globalization has allowed the global push of tourism to spread to the non- Western world. The process of globalisation has contributed to the establishment of transportation systems in order to attract tourist to access remote destinations. According to UNTWO 2015, the industry has become one the main players in international trading as well as the main income sources for many developing countries.
Increasing demand for transportation is an inevitable outcome of urban growth. In most of the developing countries, there are several factors in mutual that contribute to the severity of transportation problems. Increasing urbanisation, population growth and increase in household incomes are the primary causes of rapid growth of travel demand in Indian cities. Availability of motorized transport, and increases in commercial and industrial activities have further added to this transport demand. During the last decade, motor vehicle ownership in several metropolitan cities (those with over one million population) has been growing at nearly 10% per annum (World Bank, 2002).