It would have been absolutely fascinating if the reading went into depth about the way the ancestors decided the technique of place name and weather or not they used the same techniques for common objects. Another weakness in the reading was how little was spent in language and its significance within the culture. Whether or not their ancestors created new words as they settled into the new land and if they had certain rules to it like they did when naming their resources. It was mentioned that by specking the Apache language one was like “quoting-the speech of their early ancestors” and with such a point, it would have been interesting on how the current Apaches carry on the legacy of their ancestors whether it is through language, way of living, or
Brown’s thesis provides the reader with a unique narrative of Native American identity and history in the West. Forming his argument, Brown provides the reader with the understanding that White Americans primarily wrote native histories. Continuing to make his thesis, he claims the narrative provides a Native American history of the west. Through their words and perspectives, he offers the reader a comprehensive history by developing the identity of the Native American (Brown, XXV). The thesis’ concept of identity is the most interesting aspect of the monograph.
Thomas Henry Huxley, an English biologist who was known for his Darwin’s Bulldog theory based on Charles Darwin’s evolution theory, once said, “ It is because the body is a machine that education is possible. Education is the formation of habits, a super-inducing of an artificial organization upon the natural organization of the body.” Huxley explains that because of our body, and how it works, humans have been able to find new studies. Huxley’s ideas are similarly seen in the book Stiff, by Mary Roach, which shows the readers that donating one's body involves more than just surgeons removing organs and throwing away a body. Roach shows that donating a body helps enhance further education, newer technology, and greater discoveries. Anatomical research started back in the eighteenth century, when science students could only conduct mock
Rome: “L’Erma” Di Bretschneider, 1993. This book is useful to help make sense of what is truth and simply legend about the history and myths of Alexander the Great. It explores his life and background. Carlsen presents information discussed and examined at an international conference with scholars of ancient history. It analyzes different psychological notions about Alexander’s desires of conquering the world.
The essay will discuss a paper written by anthropologist Gregory Possehl – Sociocultural complexity without the state: the Indus Civilization. It will first present the usual classification when approaching ancient civilisations and briefly summarise Possehl’s main argument. The essay will then dig more deeply into the Indus case, relying on archaeological findings, to see how far Possehl’s position can be supported. Archaeologists and anthropologists are usually classifying social groups considering their social organisation and material culture – one widely accepted classification recognizes four levels of development: (1) the band, a hunter-gather, kinship-based group, (2) the tribe, an organised collection of bands, (3) the chiefdom, a centrally organised kinship-based group with hierarchy and single leader, and (4) the state, a complex, hierarchical, centrally organised, non-kinship-based social organisation (Young 2014:19). Such a classification has stirred debates among scholars, as it conveys the preconceived idea that social groups ‘progress’ following this linear trajectory – furthermore, it is difficult to define the moment and the circumstances associated to a change of status (when does a band become a tribe?)
Why study the past? Paleontology Paleontology is the study of what fossils tell us about the ecologies of the past, about evolution, and about our place, as humans, in the world. Paleontology incorporates knowledge from various fields, even computer science, to understand the processes that have led to the origination and eventual destruction of the different types of organisms. Paleontology is essential for working out the history of the earth. Another application of paleontology is the use of fossils in the oil industry to determine the age of the rocks encountered in drill cores, which is vital to determining where the oil, if any, might be.
The way in which I have decided to begin the debate surrounding challenges of ethnographic fieldwork is through considering definitions for both ‘ethnography’: “the study and systematic recording of human cultures; also; a descriptive work produced from such research.” (Merriam Webster Online) and ‘fieldwork’: “an essential aspect of all areas of anthropology because it is used to gather primary data, in other words fieldwork is how anthropologists collect the information used for their studies.” (Harris Jones
Philosophical ideas impacted human history, particularly in government. Niccolo Machiavelli and John Locke ideation molded human history on how power should be divided equally amongst the people and the ruler. Their theories began the steps to construction of the U.S government. Machiavelli ideas migrated the power in monarchies away form the power of the church to the King/Queen. Particularly starting in Florence during the renaissance and political enlightenment.
Staying at the Palace of the Alhambra, Irving was accompanied by the guide whose name was Mateo Ximenes. In the “Tales of the Alhambra” Washington Irving called him as a “son of the Alhambra” [2, p. 22]. Mateo being aware of the details about the historical truths, customs and traditions of the Alhambra and its inhabitants encouraged Irving to compose the unexampled work including a series of verbal sketches, stories and essays. The tales with the reflection of real historical truths are centralized in this book. The ruins reflect the traces of the periodical invasions of people with different faiths as well as the traces of natural calamity including
He writes that symbols becomes associated with human interests, purposes, ends and means, aspirations and ideals. Symbols are social and cultural dynamic systems, shedding and gathering meaning over time He discusses his field work to explain the basic symbolic processes of human life in pre-industrial (liminal) and industrial (liminoid) cultures. In this process he states his agreements and disagreements with a wide range of anthropologists and other social theorists. He quotesVan Gennep’s viewpoint that liminal and liminality are derived from the Latin “limen,” which means “threshold”- selected by Van Gennep to apply “transition between”. liminality- an extended liminal phase in the initiation rites of tribal societies is frequently marked by the physical separation of the ritual subjects