The global climate change and its consequences are leaving a bad impact on the countries to face poverty and hotter temperatures. Climate change impacts include temperature rise, greenhouse and carbon dioxide gas emissions, erratic rainfall, salinity intrusion, the rise of floods, cyclones, storm surges and draught, ice sheets melting which will seriously affect the agriculture, and the world. Researchers agree that climate change is a fact.Temperatures have been increasing
Dystopian fictions always propose some kind of warning which is often implied of what will happen if the present trends are continued. As the dystopian fiction gained its prominence in the 20th century, some factors are the reason for the popularity of these dystopian fictions. The brutality, aggression, violent behaviour and totalitarian government lead by Nazi Germany and the Stalinist Soviet Union. As these two totalitarian governments shook the whole world, they also made their influence in writings and genres. Another aspect which raised the growth of dystopian fiction is the side effects of the industrialization and providing the consciousness of environmental damage.
Fascism under Mussolini and Nazism under Hitler started to rise in Europe during the interwar periods. Both totalitarian governments brought great impact to their nations and international peace, which eventually led to the outbreak of WWII. The German economy suffered severe setbacks after the end of World War I, partly because of reparations payments required under the 1919 Treaty of Versailles. The government printed money to make the payments and to repay the country's war debt; the resulting hyperinflation led to inflated prices for consumer goods, economic chaos, and food riots. When the government failed to make the reparations payments in January 1923, French troops occupied German industrial areas along the Ruhr.
In American history, the 1960s was a special period. With rapid expansion of the economic aggregate and society becomes more complicated. There are many social ideological trends linked with environmental issues. Among them, there are two major movements. One is anti-war movement that condemns war and protests the destructions to human civilization and the environment caused by nuclear war and chemical weapons.
Debating globalism and nationalism is currently creating a divide between people, locally, nationally, and internationally. After World War II, the world experienced a surge of globalism: the global economy increased in value, environmental and economical issues became interdependent among many nations, and more immigration occurred between countries. This major increase of conflicts in globalist policies continued until the recent years of the 21st century. President of the United States of America, Donald Trump, has implemented harsher immigration policies, especially on the Middle East. Great Britain left the European Union.
Margaret Atwood's novel, Oryx and Crake is a fictional novel which portrays a world where over consuming and environmental negligence has led to the destruction of ecosystems and the species which live within. It is believed that her novels are often written in response to what she observes in our current world, and although Oryx and Crake depict a post apocalyptic world after the full effects of climate change are felt it is not completely unlikely that our world could transform into a similar state. Climate change by definition is “a change in global or regional climate patterns, in particular a change apparent from the mid to late 20th century onwards and attributed largely to the increased levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide produced
Therefore, it is possible to claim that it has a 'glocal' - both global and local - dimension. The exploitation of resources and the massive use of chemicals involved with intensive agriculture have contributed to permanently damage the environment, thus endangering the development of different species (Croall, 2014). In fact, intensive agriculture is causally related to increases in water and air pollution, decrease of soil fertility, and soil erosion (Lang et al., 2009). All of these, taken together, can be held responsible for the destruction of natural habitats of a number of species of wildlife (Lawrence, 2008). Intensive farming has also been linked to an increase in greenhouse gas emissions (Croall, 2014): intensive livestock accounts for nearly one fifth of global greenhouse gas emissions, rivalling with the emissions from the global transport sector (Lawrence, 2017c).
Pollution disrupts our ecosystem and the balance in the ecosystem. With modernization as well as growth in our lives pollution has reached its top; resulting in the rise to global warming and other dangerous human illness. Pollution occurs in different forms; from air, water, soil, radioactive, noise, heat/ thermal and to light pollution. Every type of pollution has two sources of occurrence in nature; the point and the non-point
Sustainable Development and Environment Protection in India Abstract- Development comes from industrialization . Industries directly contribute to environment degradation. The increase in population has its own pressure on the environment . The result is degradation of environment at alarming rate .The deforestation, global warming land, air and water pollution, extinction of flora and fauna are the results of environment degradation. The principle of sustainable development balances the conflict between development and healthy environment.
The most important and long-lasting consequence of the explosion of the human population is loss of the earth’s biodiversity. Human population growth is causing species to be threatened and driving them to extinction by destroying their habitats and ecosystems. Natural areas are becoming increasingly fragmented due to the continuous increase in urbanization (Goddard and Dougill et al., 2010). Many areas have been and are being urbanized in order to extend residential areas, build offices, industrial areas and malls, improve infrastructure and build recreational facilities. The increase of greenhouse gas emissions also has a huge impact on the planet, resulting in global warming and climate change.