Eating Scenes In Ancient Egyptian Food

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Cooking and Eating Scenes in Old Kingdom Private Tombs
Dr. Ahmed Ebied Ali Hamed
Faculty of Tourism & Hotels, Luxor
South Valley University, 2013

Abstract:
Cooking and eating scenes were found in ancient Egyptian temples and tombs but rare. Egyptian food was cooked in simple clay pots, using wooden utensils and stored in jars and we have many aspects of cooking in ancient Egypt.
In ordinary families cooking was done by the housewife, but larger households employed servants to work in the kitchen and a chef - usually a man - to do the cooking. The Egyptians had ovens, and knew how to boil roast, and fry food. There were few kitchen tools: pestles, mortars, and sieves. Archaeologists have unearthed early mortars with rubbing stones that would
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For they snared for me and laid it before me, in addition to the catch of my hounds. Many sweets were made for me, and milk dishes of all kinds".
Cooking and Eating Scenes in Old Kingdom Private Tombs: The scenes of cooking and eating are rare in ancient Egyptian private tomb especially from the Old Kingdom. On can said that, why the ancient Egyptian depicted these kind of scenes inside their tombs? These activities are a part of their life in the past, so they have to represent it inside their tombs.

Fig (1): Ancient bakery with cache of bread molds and three vats in the northwestern corner, Old Kingdom
Mastaba of Ti at Saqqara (5th dynasty):
There is unusual models only found in the Old Kingdom, is of a cook with a cauldron of small round objects. Scenes in the tombs of Ti and Mereruka identify these as boiled bread pellets for the force-feeding of domestic
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The interesting account given by Borchardt of the process of brewing in Egypt gives an additional reason for the close association of the household duties, by showing that the slight baking of barley bread was a preliminary step in brewing also.
To the right hand side, there are individuals maybe grinding the grain, sifting and kneading the flour and laying loaves on the ground and on a table. To the left are men and women presumably preparing the mixture for brewing and passing the ingredients through strainers, with one man standing in a large pot, maybe crushing dated or other fruit to add flavor and sweetness the to the beer.
Tomb of Queen Mersyankh III at Giza (4th dynasty):
On the north of the entrance of the east wall in the main room at the tomb of Queen Mersyankh III at Giza, there is a plucking out the feathers. At the left a seated man facing left is taking a bird from create while there are two men at the right facing each other are plucking birds.

Fig (12): Plucking

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