According to Clausewitz, military commanders must first be aware of the three most important strategic objectives of war: (1) to conquer and destroy the armed power of the enemy; (2) to take possession of his material and other sources of strength, and (3) to gain public opinion.1 To attain the strategic objectives, Clausewitz requires the application of three decisive military principles: military commanders must apply unrelenting pressure and energy to defeat the enemy; military commanders must mass combat power against the enemy’s vulnerability, creating or revealing additional weaknesses that the attacking force can exploit; and commanders must capitalize on speed, surprise, and shock to destroy the enemy. Clausewitz insists that
Success on The Battlefield Success will only be given to the person who creates it on his or her own. Michael Shaara put this theme in the frontlines of his book The Killer Angels a historical novel about the battle of Gettysburg. Shaara uses the battle to prove not just how people earn success but also perceive it. What each commander does and how it affects the battle overall show just how much somebody’s action affects the outcome. The Killer Angels also shows the consequences of one’s decisions and how this can lead them down or off the path of success.
For example, George Washington was the Leader of the Continental army (Mountvernon). He did this because he had served before and wanted change. Plus, George Washington did not have a lot of experience. He learned on the job by fighting and watching. As a result we developed a government that has lasted and is still being used.
In a more modern context ‘The notion of ‘total war’ is commonly used within military history to describe a totality of effort, meaning the full mobilization of civil, economic and military sectors for war.’ This, however, is only one of several depictions of ‘total war’. It can be argued that ‘total war’ only is an ideology, and furthermore that it always existed only as a theory. ‘Both Ernst Jünger and Erich Ludendorff did not accepts the totality of the Great War, dissatisfied with the outcome of the war and Germany’s loss, they argued that their country had not committed fully, and both felt that
Again, this was a wakeup call for the entire country. People didn’t really know what was happening in the war. Also, like it said, Abraham Lincoln wanted us to remember the soldiers that fought in the war but not only that, but to bring us back together as a country. The question again that has been asked was “Why was the Battle of Gettysburg a turning point?”
As mention by Parker, Frederick the Great army, “employed in formations allowed close control and constant supervision, emphasizing heavy infantry and cavalry tactics that marshaled men in straight lines in the open field. ”7 Frederick often complained about the development of artillerists in other countries and introduced horse-drawn field artillery for a shift of position during battles. ”8 Even though, the Prussian army was behind other states with the new vogue for artillery. Out of frustration of the advancement of other states, Frederick developed his own concept of artillery with the of horses alongside artillery elements.
United States Army General George S Patton famously said: “It is better to fight for something than live for nothing”. Fighting for ones ideals is a righteous and a dangerous game played by many around the world. Usually fighting for ones ideals or what one thinks is right is regarded as heroic and something to be aspired to. However, in many cases the longer and harder one fights for their principles the more they can become misguided and lose sight of their goals or their values. This is clearly seen in the article Mission Gone Wrong by Mattathias Schwartz, in this article Schwartz paints a picture of the United States’ War on Drugs asking the critical question: why are we still fighting this war?
He positions the book by speaking about a hypothetical “prince”, who Machiavelli outwardly describes characteristics which he considers would make a prince. Knowledge is a large part in the making of this leader, the knowledge of military strategy. “It is evident that if rulers concern themselves more with the refinements of life than with military matters, they lose power”. The primary discipline of a rule is the art of war, the Prince must spend all of his time on this matter in order to be best prepared he must study rigorously during peacetime to be prepared for
We might call what happened to America “the good cop, bad cop” syndrome. After World War II, the U.S. was highly respected and thought of as that good cop that had led the efforts to defeat the primary Axis powers of Germany and Japan. After that war, it had, more or less, assumed the role of protector of the world. America is no longer viewed as a protector of the world but, rather, a mighty military force that is protecting its own national interests. Quite a reversal of roles, is it not?
The murder trial had stirred up his thinking on the war. Though he regretted his actions in the incident, he believed that they were the natural extension of the things they were taught and encouraged to do in the war. He was frustrated by military court’s refusal to consider factors of the war. It further inflamed his belief that the war had produced a spirit of brutality, which corrupted the moral condition of those who had engaged in it, and that the military command did not operate with intellectual consistency. A plane could bomb a village of civilians and somehow have it be treated as a legitimate war action, while foot soldiers encouraged to hunt down the enemy at all cost and getting civilians caught in the process was taboo.
I chose the book Black Hearts by Jim Frederick because it was recommended to me by First Lieutenant Smaldone. He had to read it as course material during his training at TBS (The Basic School). Officers go to TBS following Officer Candidate School where newly commissioned officers learn to lead and inspire fellow Marines. Black Hearts is a non-fiction story about the 502nd Infantry Regiment’s deployment to a region south of Baghdad, Iraq and it’s breakdown of leadership, morale, and discipline. The Unit was known as “The Black Heart Brigade.”
Throughout history, one of the most common occurrences during times of warfare is the death of the soldiers who are fighting for their country. Depending on one’s point of view, a soldier’s death at war could be honorable and glorified, or it can be a gruesome, anonymous demise. In the two poems, “Epitaph on a Solider” by Cyril Tourneur and “The Death of a Ball Turret Gunner” by Randal Jarrell, there is a stark contrast between the emotional impacts experienced by the reader. Through each author’s unique writing style, “Tourneur’s Epitaph on a Soldier” shows glory in a soldier’s death and is supportive of war, while Jarrell’s “The Death of a Ball Turret Gunner” gives a much more painful impression of war and the passing of those involved in it.
"The first casualty of war is innocence.” Said by screenwriter Oliver Stone. A Separate Peace by John Knowles is about a set of boys at a boarding school in New England. The reader can clearly see the theme war is unforgiving though war affects friendships, changes lives, and war kills a lot of people. To begin with war affects friendships.