Recently, Adidas Group had come out with Environmental Strategy to overcome the environmental issues from product creation, sourcing and manufacturing to own-brand store operation and other sales points. The main ways they can make a difference is to manage resources efficiency and manage hazards and emissions. Adidas Group aims to save energy and reduce carbon emissions at their administration offices, owned production sites and distribution centers. Besides, they save water used and as well as to reduce the use of raw materials by using more environmentally friendly materials. Next, they reduce waste and toxicity by using less toxic chemicals and through efforts to reduce the pollutants in waste water at supplier factories.
1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Research Background Carbon footprint (CFP) term was evolved from the ecological footprint concept. It is now widely used to stimulate consumers’ concern for issues related to climate change (East, 2008). Calculating CFP is one of the mitigation step taken to reduce greenhouse gases (GHG), as carbon dioxide (CO2) is one of the major GHGs. Thus, there are several standards that have been developed by international organization and technical committee which serve as guideline in managing GHGs emission. One of them is ISO/TS 14067, which establishes principle, requirements, and as a guideline for the quantification and communication of the CFPs.
1.1.1 Green Marketing According to American Marketing Association (AMA), green marketing also known as ecological marketing which is focused on environmental safety by putting effort to restructure the marketing activities to ensure design, produce, promote, package, distribute and improve product’s function or quality in a way that assumed to be environmentally safe that can minimize the negative impact to the environment (Yazdanifard, 2011). This statement agreed by Polonsky. Polonsky added that green marketing is marketing activities that conducted to satisfy human needs and wants without brings harm or negative impact to the environment in order to promote environmental protection (Polonsky M. J., 2011). Peattie and Charter defined green
Open the window coverings during the day to allow sunlight along with the natural heat it brings to enter your home and help keep the indoors warm. Then, close the curtains immediately as dusk falls. This will help maximize the house’s ability to retain the heat and keep you comfortably warm through the night. It may seem that there is no way to keep your home warm during the winter without increasing your heating bills. But the simple tricks above are already enough to accomplish and ensure that.
According to me Housekeeping is the one of the major departments of the hotel which is responsible for cleaning & aesthetic upkeep of the hotel including guestrooms, banquets, restaurants public area & back area. In any hotel Housekeeping is considered as very important department as housekeeping is responsible for cleaning of guestrooms as without cleaning no room can be sold. In other words Housekeeping is the management of duties &chores as cleaning. Housekeeping includes activities such as housekeeping ie thorough cleaning of guestrooms, public areas, banquets, restaurants & back areas. Housekeeping is done to make the house or hotel look & smell better & be safer & easier to live in Absence of housekeeping reduces hotels business as in its absence taps of toilets can become dirty, mould grows in wet areas, smudges on glass surfaces & bacterial action make garbage disposal and toilet smell and cobwebs accumulateover time dust accumulates on household surfaces as well as making the surface dirty when dust is disturbed it can become dispended in the air, causing sneezing & breathing problems.
It also becomes a factor which determines the decision and result and also to define the actual urban boundaries. The criteria usually can define as a measure, rule or standard guideline. The formation of criteria from the expert group or previous research will be used to forecast this research. The criteria for urban boundaries will be referred to the previous study done by PLANMalaysia which is National Urbanisation Policy 2nd Edition (DPN) and Urban Profile Studies (KPB). In addition, the urban boundaries practicing by other countries which explain in Chapter 2 also will take into consideration for this research.
The benefits of indoor plants to the working environment could most certainly brush off on clients too, producing better air quality and creating more of a productive office atmosphere, creating a more impressive effect for anyone who enters the office. Of course, the plants in some places can make a bigger impression than in others. In the lobby of an office building, for instance, the office plants used can include fully grown trees, which can be awesome to view. These could be too large to feature inside an actual office space however, and so indoor office plants include potted table plants, small bushes, or even small trees that are no higher than a couple of meters. An office that has benefited from the expertise of an experienced interior landscape designer is an office that is more pleasant to look at, cheerful to be in and better organized to work in.
In this context, this review paper proposes a more holistic view and tackles the abovementioned research questions. 2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY In order to present a holistic approach of the role of parametric-enabled paradigm in architectural design process and answer the research questions, the study begins with a brief review of the current developments in parametric design, models and techniques as well as their relations to the architectural design process. In addition, the results obtained from this review are used to propose a conceptual framework that supports design exploration and the customization of the desired performance. Then, the expanded role of the architect is discussed and some misconceptions regarding parametric applications are
An eco-label deliver a message to consumer that the product are having a certain benefits in terms of ecology, for example, paper product that are recyclable or with toxic-free cleaning agents. All the home appliances in Malaysia that passed the standard of SIRIM (Standards and Industrial Research Institute of Malaysia) are certified with SIRIM Eco-Label and these home appliances are positioned as an environmentally friendly product. As the current market are getting increasingly environmentally-conscious, this SIRIM Eco-Labelling mark constructed a product and market advantages over similar product who doesn’t have an
It is the formation, treatment and disposal of waste materials and their resulting products (Lemann, 2008). Waste management extends further to address how waste can be used as a valuable resource. The main aim of waste management systems include reducing waste in such a way that only a minimal amount of product produced by waste is actually disposed of into the environment (Kukreja, 2009). An effective waste management system considers how to prevent, recycle, and manage waste in ways that most effectively protect human health and the environment (USEPA,