Critic Nahem Yousaf highlights the importance of these depictions: as it is "Around the tragic stories of Okonkwo and Ezeulu, Achebe sets about textualising Igbo cultural identity". Further he adds: "Achebe seeks to produce the effect of a pre-colonial reality as an Igbo-centric response to a Eurocentrically constructed imperial 'reality ' ". The gender roles of men and women, as well as societies ' conceptions of the associated concepts are the frequent themes in Achebe 's writing. A prevalent theme in Achebe 's novels is the intersection of African tradition (particularly Igbo varieties) and modernity, especially as embodied by European colonialism. His Awards and Honures: St. Louis Literary Award
The purpose of this paper is to critically appraise an article entitled “The Myth of Neo-colonialism.” The author of the article is Tunde Obadina. The central theme of the article is to provide a clear, basic and well-illustrated of the legacy of colonialism and the myth of neo-colonialism. However, the article pays particular attention to African political structure, social and economic developments as well as modernization. The article portrays this and traces the development of the African societies before and during and after the colonial era. The article uses argues the reasons behind the colonization in the African societies as well as its merits and demerits.
The analogy between the founding father of Macondo and authorship has another dimension. The establishment of this fictional town is in itself a postcolonial trait as it clearly shows that Marquez was actually trying to depict the history of Latin America through Macondo. It is also an allegory of the cultural, social and political life of Latin America. It enacts the process of founding a new kind of society unknown to Western Culture. The limits of Macondo trace a social allegory, showing that the energies, which are frustrated in the reality of Latin America, can be released in fiction and that fiction can stave off the inhibitions on which society is founded.
Abstract: Chinua Achebe, the recipient of Man Booker International Prize,2007, has one interest which is to be responsible to the fate or destiny of his people and society. Achebe as an African writer, his writing especially novels portray the various colors and texture of the post-colonial African reality. Observations such as socio-psychological impacts influence the author and so the literature. Hence, the post-colonial literature is described in The Empire Writes Back, as "what each of these literatures has in common beyond their special and distinctive regional characteristics is that they emerged in their present form out of the experience of colonization and asserted themselves by foregrounding the tension with the imperial power and by emphasizing their difference from the assumptions of the imperial center. It is this which makes them distinctively post-colonial".
The theory of Magic bullet concept will be examined in this research paper. This theory is an old media communication emerge since 1930 's, which is recently challenged based on its relevance and scholar’s opinion along with the critics, assumptions, and application of Magic Bullet theory which as well as known as “hypodermic Needle”. The Media Effect by Consent is a communication model proposed by Dr. Muhammad Kabir Yusuf who is the Senior Lecturer, Department of Mass Communication and Dr. Abdullahi Liman who is Associate Professor in Department of Political Science at Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nigeria in a 2011 publication. This model suggests that many models of communication especially those originate from media effect theories are insufficient. The model argues results ignoring an important aspect of media effect or influence on the audience .Dr.
Nature and literature goes hand in hand. The world of literature throngs with works dealing with beauty and power of nature. However, the concern for ecology and the hazard that the incessant exploitation of our environment poses on humanity has recently caught the attention of the writers. This sense of concern has given rise to a new branch of literary theory, namely Eco-criticism. Ecocriticism is the study of representations of nature in literary works and of the relationship between literature and the environment.
Ken Saro-Wiwa’s Sozaboy, first published in 1985, has significance in its emphasis on the construction of subjectivity. This is made possible by the narrator’s journey through the lineal spaces and time-based displacements, between the known and unknowable, and the disenchanted versus the enchanted worlds of materiality and imagination. Saro-Wiwa, whose political activism is often separated from discussions of Sozaboy, provides a helpful foundation with his novel of the Nigerian literature scene. In his depiction of the child soldier in Sozaboy, the aesthetics of “voice” remain the focus of academic criticism. Close readings of the text – and of his other fiction and poetry – usually appear entirely separate from the analysis of Saro-Wiwa’s environmental and minority rights activism that led to his hanging by die Nigerian government in 1995.
He claims the first to be the timelessness of the theme, the second the unfamiliarity of the setting and the third the (…) cast of characters that would allow [the author] to tell the story from a variety of points of view. Considering this, I claim that Helon Habila uses fiction to bring light to the environmental and human rights abuses and to draw attention to the conflict between idealism and disillusionment currently occurring to the people in the Niger Delta in the real life. To prove this point I will provide evidence of the three ingredients stated by Hollowell which are clearly exhibited throughout the storyline of “Oil on Water”; the timelessness of the oil wars in the Niger Delta gets introduced by LeMenager as she indicates examples of documented oil exploration, showing that “the problem isn 't that we 're running out of oil, but that we 're not” by works of photographer Subhankar Banerjee as well as the nonfiction writer
In Cherlly Glotfelty, in her edited The Ecocriticism Reader: Landmarks in Literary Ecology work with Harold Fromm explained it as a study of the relationship between literature and environment such as the study of literature and other social theories like feminism, Marxism, etc. After the foundation of the theory, it drew the attention of many scholars around the world. The primary concern of the relationship between literature and environment has remained the same as defined by Cheryll Glotfelty. Today, ecocriticism has been perceived as a theory of a literary movement to ameliorate the condition of the environment on the planet earth through literary consciousness. Polluted rivers, landscape, and air have made every government and individual responsible for the cause.
For example, Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie who receives Commonwealth Prize for Literature for her first novel Purple Hibiscus also receives Orange Prize for her same novel and for her Half of a Yellow Sun. She follows tradition like Chinua Achebe, also targets issues of social and political issues directly or indirectly of the status of Nigeria. However, her Half of a Yellow sun speaks the most direct attack of Nigeria and Biafra war. Her Purple Hibiscus shows the impact of colonization of Nigeria. It visualizes the facts of ethnic tensions and political imbalance and the fear of racial injustice and cultural identity and power supremacy among the people as well as rulers.