‘Ecology’ is delineated as the scientific study of the relationship between the organisms and the environment. The theory Ecological Imperialism insinuates that colonization or annexation was not only a way of cultural and political oppression or tyranny, but also a kind of environmental intimidation and violence. Ghosh in this novel, The Hungry Tide created two groups of characters in order to contextualize an enormous ecological catastrophe faced by our world today. One group embodied to maintain the ecological sustainabilityis the representatives of deep ecology. The other group pursuing material prosperity with the aid of recent emerging technologies is represented as the supporters of shallow ecology.
He thoroughly explores several disciplines like language and criticism, ecology and ethics, natural sciences and social sciences, geography and history in order to settle the primary goals of an ecocritic who compunctiously “judges the merits and faults of writings that depict the effects of culture upon nature, with a view toward celebrating nature, berating its despoilers and reversing their harm through political action” (69). In the introduction to the edited volume Beyond Nature Writing: Expanding the Boundaries of Ecocrticism, Kathleen R. Wallace and Karla Armbruster refer to John Elder’s definition of nature writing as ‘a form of personal reflective essay grounded in . . . the natural world .
Key Words: environment,development ,degradation,west From prehistory, literature has been used for the representation of physical environment and human-environment relationship. Literature and environment studies—generally called “Ecocriticism” focuses on the environmental aspects of literature. The collaborative enquiry of literature and environmentbegins from the conviction that creative writing by virtue of its eloquence and expressiveness , narrative , and quality of images can convincingly help to discern the environmental complications prominent in the present-day world.
Ecocriticism is one of the significant theories in literature which helps to understand the relationship between literature and physical environment. The interpretation of ecocriticism or environmental criticism takes different shape in American literature and British literature. In the name of ‘ecocriticism’ American literature celebrates nature whereas British Literature on the other used the term ‘green studies’ to focuses on the threats and dangers of nature. Anthropocentricism is the philosophical view of nature from human-centered by rejecting
This paper argues that King Lear can help re-shape the emerging discourse of eco-criticism. The play’s focus on human dis-harmony with the non-human environment resonates with recent developments in ecological science like the ‘‘post-equilibrium shift’’. Shakespeare’s representations of dis-equilibrium in the storm scenes can correct eco-criticism’s reliance on pastoral and Romantic visions of harmony. The play’s emphasis on the way natural systems, especially the weather, disrupt humanity’s meaning-making capacities generates an alternative to dualistic notions of the selfnature relationship. By representing ecological instability and pluralized selfhood, King Lear reminds ‘‘green’’ readers how difficult and disorderly living in a mutable eco-system
In works by writers from Crèvecoeur to Wendell Berry, John Muir to Aldo Leopold, Rachel Carson to Leslie Silko, Mary Austin to Edward Abbey, he examines enduring environmental themes such as the dream of relinquishment, the personification of the nonhuman, attentiveness to environmental cycles, a devotion to place, and a prophetic awareness of possible ecocatastrophe. At the center of this study we find an image of Walden as a quest for greater environmental awareness, an impetus and guide for Buell as he develops a new vision of environmental writing and seeks a new way of conceiving the relation between human imagination and environmental actuality in the age of industrialization” (The Environmental Imagination — Lawrence Buell | Harvard
The scale of human activities has affected the ecological sustainability in a way that it infringes upon the tenantable aspects of the land. As our readings have progressed from Emerson and Thoreau to the likes of Carson, Leopold, Krutch, and Carson it's apparent that there are some slight variations in writing styles, media outlets, and in public opinions as it pertains to the nature. Moving forward, with this contemporary environmental movement, these philosophers offer a glimpse into the social conditions - the environment which is intrinsically inherent in their work (p. 199). John Muir, a conservationist, used the power of language in sync with the splendor of nature to inspire spectators into defending one of the greatest commodities
This chapter sheds light on the theory of ecological criticism as a literary critical theory, its beginnings, development, and characteristics. Moreover, this chapter discusses the basic assumptions upon which ecocriticism is based. In addition, it surveys how the concept of ecocriticism can be interweaved with other disciplines. It also brings to foreground the relationship between ecocriticism and spirituality. Furthermore, in the light of this chapter we examine and comprehend the Sufi understanding of nature and interaction with environment.
Assignment: Economics of Sustainable Development Issues of Sustainable Development (C-303) Assigned by Mohammad Ehsanul Kabir Prepared By Sujoy Barua - 13112002 August 13, 2014 Dhaka School of Economics Introduction: Environment sustainability index measures the performance of a countries environmental condition due to the socio economic and environmental degradation by the natural and human made. Due to the economic progress the drawing out of natural resources and its uses create the scarcity of the resources. Pollution increase which leads to the environment vulnerable. The ESI index plays an essential role to measure the current scenario of the environmental state in different countries. The ESI characterize and
To see if circular economy can contribute to business model innovation this chapter first explains the principles of circular economy, furthermore it will focus on business models and circular business models. Finally, it will give suggestions for business models that incorporate the paradigms of circular economy. 4.1 The concept of Circular Economy The current growth and consumption patterns are highly unsustainable. Society is increasingly damaging the ecosystem and endangering the provision of resources and ecosystem services. The current “take-make-waste” or “Cradle-to-Grave” industrial model can be seen as the main drive of this environmental deadlock.